Demographics of New Brunswick

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

New Brunswick is one of Canada's three Maritime provinces, and the only officially bilingual province (French and English) in the country. The provincial Department of Finance estimates that the province's population in 2006 was 729,997 of which the majority is English-speaking but with a substantial (32%) French-speaking minority of mostly Acadian origin.

First Nations in New Brunswick include the Mi'kmaq and Wolastoqiyik (Maliseet). The first European settlers, the Acadians, are descendants of survivors of the Great Expulsion (1755) which drove several thousand French residents into exile in North America, the UK and France for refusing to take an oath of allegiance to King George III during the French and Indian War. American Acadians, who wound up in Louisiana and other parts of the American South, are often referred to as Cajuns.

Many of the English-Canadian population of New Brunswick are descended from Loyalists who fled the American Revolution. This is commemorated in the province's motto, Spem reduxit ("hope was restored"). There is also a significant population with Irish ancestry, especially in Saint John and the Miramichi Valley. People of Scottish descent are scattered throughout the Province with higher concentrations in the Miramichi and in Campbellton. A small population of Danish origin may be found in New Denmark in the northwest of the province.

Population[edit]

City Metropolitan Areas[edit]

City 2011 2006 Land Area km² Density /km²
Greater Moncton 138,644 126,424 2,406.31 57.6
Greater Saint John 127,761 122,389 3,362.95 38.0
Greater Fredericton 94,268 85,688 4,886.40 19.3
Greater Bathurst 33,484 34,106 2,292.80 14.6
Greater Miramichi 28,115 28,773 7,578.30 3.7
Greater Edmundston 21,903 22,471 916.85 23.9
Greater Campbellton 17,842 17,878 1,629.94 10.9

Cities and towns[edit]

Town Population (2011) Population Ranking Land Area km² Area Ranking Density /km² Density Ranking
Bathurst 12,275 9 91.86 6 133.6 24
Beresford 4,351 20 19.20 17 226.6 18
Bouctouche 2,423 26 18.34 19 132.1 25
Campbellton 7,385 12 18.66 18 395.7 9
Caraquet 4,169 23 68.26 8 61.1 35
Dalhousie 3,512 24 14.51 23 242.1 17
Dieppe 23,310 4 54.11 11 430.8 6
Edmundston 16,032 8 107.00 5 149.8 23
Florenceville-Bristol 1,639 29 15.61 22 105.0 29
Fredericton 56,224 3 131.67 4 427.0 7
Grand Bay–Westfield 5,117 17 59.86 9 85.5 33
Grand Falls 5,706 14 18.05 20 315.9 13
Hampton 4,292 22 21.00 16 204.3 21
Hartland 947 35 9.63 30 98.4 31
Lamèque 1,432 31 12.45 28 115.1 27
Miramichi 17,811 7 179.93 2 99.0 30
McAdam 1,404 32 14.47 24 97.02 32
Moncton 69,074 2 141.17 3 489.3 2
Nackawic 1,049 34 8.40 32 124.9 26
Oromocto 8,932 11 22.37 15 399.2 8
Quispamsis 17,886 6 57.06 10 313.5 14
Richibucto 1,286 33 11.83 27 108.7 28
Riverview 19,128 5 33.88 13 564.6 1
Rothesay 11,947 10 34.77 12 343.6 12
Sackville 5,558 15 74.32 7 74.8 34
Saint Andrews 1,889 28 8.35 33 226.2 19
Saint John 70,063 1 315.82 1 221.8 20
Saint-Léonard 1,343 32 5.20 34 258.3 16
Saint-Quentin 2,095 27 4.30 35 486.7 3
Shediac 6,053 13 12.50 26 484.4 4
Shippagan 2,603 25 9.94 29 261.9 15
St. George 1,543 30 16.13 21 95.6 32
St. Stephen 4,817 19 13.45 24 358.0 11
Sussex 4,312 21 9.03 31 477.4 5
Tracadie–Sheila 4,933 18 24.65 14 200.1 22
Woodstock 5,254 16 13.41 25 391.7 10

Population of New Brunswick since 1851[edit]

Year Population Five Year
 % change
Ten Year
 % change
Rank Among
Provinces
1851 193,800 n/a n/a 4
1861 252,047 n/a 30.0 4
1871 285,594 n/a 13.3 4
1881 321,233 n/a 12.5 4
1891 321,263 n/a 0.0 4
1901 331,120 n/a 3.1 4
1911 351,889 n/a 6.3 8
1921 387,876 n/a 10.2 8
1931 408,219 n/a 5.2 8
1941 457,401 n/a 12.0 8
1951 515,697 n/a 12.7 8
1956 554,616 7.5 n/a 8
1961 597,936 7.8 15.9 8
1966 616,788 3.2 11.2 8
1971 634,560 2.9 6.9 8
1976 677,250 6.7 9.8 8
1981 696,403 2.8 9.7 8
1986 709,445 1.9 4.8 8
1991 723,900 2.0 3.9 8
1996 738,133 2.0 4.0 8
2001 729,498 -1.2 0.8 8
2006 729,997 0.1 -1.1 8
2011 751,171 2.9 3.0 8

Source: Statistics Canada [1][2]

Ethnic origin[edit]

Ethnic Origin Population Percent
Canadian / Canadien 415,810 57.78%
French 193,470 26.8%
English 165,235 22.96%
Irish 135,835 18.87%
Scottish 127,635 17.73%
German 27,490 3.82%
Acadian 26,220 3.64%
North American Indian 23,815 3.31%
Dutch (Netherlands) 13,355 1.86%
Welsh 7,620 1.06%
Italian 5,610 0.78%
Métis 4,955 0.69%
American (USA) 3,925 0.55%
Danish 3,390 0.47%


The information at the left is from Statistics Canada [3] Percentages add to more than 100% because of dual responses e.g. "Danish-Canadian" generates an entry in both the category "Danish" and the category "Canadian". Groups with more than 3,000 responses are included.

Visible minorities and Aboriginals[edit]

Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2006 Census)
Population group Population  % of total population
White 688,655 95.7%
Visible minority group
Source:[4]
South Asian 1,960 0.3%
Chinese 2,450 0.3%
Black 4,455 0.6%
Filipino 530 0.1%
Latin American 720 0.1%
Arab 840 0.1%
Southeast Asian 445 0.1%
West Asian 550 0.1%
Korean 625 0.1%
Japanese 170 0%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 150 0%
Multiple visible minority 455 0.1%
Total visible minority population 13,345 1.9%
Aboriginal group
Source:[5]
First Nations 12,385 1.7%
Métis 4,270 0.6%
Inuit 185 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 710 0.1%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 100 0%
Total Aboriginal population 17,650 2.5%
Total population 719,650 100%

Languages[edit]

Mother tongue in New Brunswick. Red and orange indicates majority Anglophone areas; blue and green shows majority Francophone areas.

The 2011 Canadian census showed a population of 751,171. Of the 731,855 singular responses to the question concerning mother tongue the most commonly reported languages were:

1. English 479,930 65.58%
2. French 233,530 31.90%
3. Algonquian languages 3,050 0.43%
Mi'kmaq 2,135 0.29%
Mi'kmaq 2,115 0.29%
4. Chinese languages 1,825 0.25%
Mandarin 405 0.06%
Cantonese 225 0.03%
Taiwanese 5 0.01%
5. Korean 1,810 0.25%
6. German 1,805 0.25%
7. Arabic 1,325 0.18%
8. Spanish 1,135 0.16%
9. Dutch (Nederlands) 925 0.13%
10. Tagalog (Pilipino/Filipino) 585 0.08%
11. Persian 450 0.06%
12. Italian 440 0.06%
13. Romanian 420 0.06%
14. Russian 355 0.05%
15. Vietnamese 285 0.04%
16. Serbo-Croatian languages 280 0.04%
Serbian 120 0.02%
Croatian 75 0.01%
Bosnian 40 0.01%
17. Polish 255 0.03%
18. Portuguese 220 0.03%
19. Urdu 205 0.03%
20. Bantu languages 200 0.03%
21. Scandinavian languages 190 0.03%
Danish 145 0.01%
Norwegian 45 0.01%
Swahili 140 0.02%
22. Bengali 180 0.02%
23. Hungarian (Magyar) 155 0.02%
24. Greek 140 0.02%

Note: "n.i.e.": not included elsewhere

There were also 45 single-language responses for Gujarati; 135 for Niger-Congo languages n.i.e.; 70 for Creole; 95 for Non-verbal languages (Sign languages); 115 for Japanese; 30 for Indo-Iranian languages n.i.e.; 5 for Somali; 20 for Sinhala (Sinhalese); and 40 for Malayalam. New Brunswick's official languages are shown in bold. (Figures shown are for the number of single language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses.)[6]

Migration[edit]

Immigration[edit]

The 2006 Canadian census counted a total of 28,395 immigrants living in New Brunswick.
The most commonly reported origins for these immigrants were: [7]

1. United States 8,660
2. United Kingdom 5,205
3. Germany 1,770
4. Netherlands 995
5. China 925
6. India 600
7. Italy 405
8. South Korea 370
9. former Yugoslavia 355
10. Philippines 350
11. France 320
12. Iran 265
13. Lebanon 220
14. Pakistan 205

There were also 195 immigrants from the Democratic Republic of Congo; 180 from Vietnam; 170 from Colombia; 165 each from Hungary and Romania; 155 each from Belgium and El Salvador; 140 each from Greece and Ireland (Éire); 125 from Poland; 120 each from Afghanistan and South Africa; 115 from Ukraine; 110 from Guyana; 105 each from Denmark and from Trinidad and Tobago; and 100 from Austria.

Internal migration[edit]

A total of 64,205 people moved to New Brunswick from other parts of Canada between 1996 and 2006 while 83,240 people moved in the opposite direction. These movements resulted in a net outmigration of 8,410 people to Alberta, 4,330 to Ontario, 2,930 to Nova Scotia, and 1,995 to Quebec. During this period there was a net outmigration of 2,125 francophones to Quebec, 1,460 francophones going to Ontario, 1,355 to Alberta and 145 to Nova Scotia; and also a net influx of 240 anglophones from Quebec. (All net inter-provincial movements of more than 500 persons and official minority movements of more than 100 persons are given.)[8][9]

Religion[edit]

Main Religious Denominations in New Brunswick[10][11]
2001 20111
Number  % Number  %
Total Population 719,715 100 735,835 100
Christian 647,295 89.9 616,910 83.8
- Total Catholic2 386,035 53.6 366,155 49.8
- Total Protestant 260,695 36.2 249,820 34.0
- Baptist 80,490 11.2 70,990 9.6
- United Church of Canada 69,235 9.6 54,270 7.4
- Anglican Church of Canada 58,210 8.1 51,365 7.0
- Pentecostal 20,150 2.8 18,435 2.5
- Protestant, Other3 24,200 2.6 45,910 6.2
- Presbyterian 6,900 1.0 7,770 1.1
- Lutheran 1,510 0.2 1080 0.1
- Christian Orthodox4 565 0.1 980 0.1
No Religious Affiliation 56,440 7.8 111,435 15.1
Other 5,295 0.7 7,495 1.0
- Muslim 1,275 0.2 2,640 0.4
- Other Religions5 1,970 0.3 1,915 0.3
- Jewish 670 0.1 620 0.1
- Buddhist 545 0.1 975 0.1
- Hindu 475 0.1 820 0.1
- Aboriginal Spirituality 360 0.1 525 0.1

1 The 2011 data is from the National Household Survey[11] and so numbers are estimates.
2Includes Roman Catholic and Ukrainian Catholic
3 Includes persons who report only "Protestant" and those who report “Christian”, and those who report “Apostolic”, “Born-again Christian” and “Evangelical” and those who report from all protestant denominations with less than 0.05% of the population including those who report "Christian Reformed Church and those who report "Methodist" and those who report "Mennonite" and those who report "Christian Missionary Alliance" and those who report "Brethren in Christ" and those who report "Evangelical Missionary Church"
4 Includes persons who report "Orthodox". Also includes Greek Orthodox, Ukrainian Orthodox, Serbian Orthodox, Armenian Apostolic, Bulgarian Orthodox, Ethiopian Orthodox and Macedonian Orthodox
5 Includes persons who report all Religions with less than 0.05% of the population including Pagan, Wiccan and Sikh as well as persons who report only "non-denominational".

See also[edit]

NB
Canadian Provinces and Territories
Demographics of Canada's provinces and territories

References[edit]