Demographics of New York
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, as of 2010, New York was the third largest state in population after California and Texas, with a population of 19,378,102, an increase of over 400,000 people, or 2.1%, since the year 2000. The population change between 2000-2006 includes a natural increase of 601,779 people (1,576,125 births minus 974,346 deaths) and a decrease due to net migration of 422,481 people out of the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 820,388 people, and migration within the country produced a net loss of about 800,213. This means a very small population change for the state.
New York is a slow growing state with a large emigration rate. Yet, when looking at immigration statistics, the state is a leading recipient of migrants from around the globe. In the mid-2000s, immigration failed to surpass emigration, a trend that was halted in 2006-2007. New York lost two house seats in the 2011 congressional reapportionment.
The center of population of New York is located in Orange County, in the town of Deerpark. Roughly 64% of the state's population lives in the New York City metropolitan area and 43% in New York City alone.
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|2000 (total population)||75.62%||18.39%||0.95%||6.27%||0.17%|
|2000 (Hispanic only)||12.30%||2.65%||0.31%||0.14%||0.07%|
|2005 (total population)||74.98%||18.26%||0.99%||7.18%||0.19%|
|2005 (Hispanic only)||13.31%||2.66%||0.32%||0.15%||0.07%|
|Growth 2000–05 (total population)||0.62%||0.74%||5.06%||16.18%||15.92%|
|Growth 2000–05 (non-Hispanic only)||-1.17%||0.57%||5.47%||16.35%||16.88%|
|Growth 2000–05 (Hispanic only)||9.81%||1.72%||4.23%||8.64%||14.40%|
|* AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native; NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander|
New York State has a primarily urban population. The largest city in the state is New York City, which is also one of the world's most ethnically diverse and cosmopolitan cities. Additional major urban centers include Albany, Buffalo, Rochester and Syracuse. The state has 62 counties; the most populated one is Kings County (Brooklyn).
As of the 2010 census, New York state has a population of 19,378,102, including 12,740,974 (65.7%) white, 3,073,800 (15.9%) black, 1,420,244 (7.3%) Asian, 8,766 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, and 1,441,563 (7.4%) of other races. 585,849 (3.0%) has two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of all races make up 3,416,922 (17.6%) of the state's population; non-Hispanic whites make up 58.3% of the state's population.
According to 2004 estimates, 20.4% of the population was foreign-born. Among cities in New York state, 36% of New York City's population is foreign-born; this figure of approximately 3 million is a higher total number of foreign-born residents than any other U.S. city. The top ancestry groups in New York state are Italian American (15.8%), African American (14.4%), Hispanic (14.2%), Irish (12.9%), German (11.1%), English (6%), and Polish (5.27%). 1.5% of the state population is multiracial.
New York contains the largest Puerto Rican population in the country, concentrated in parts of New York City such as the Bronx, Brooklyn, and Manhattan. New York also has the largest Dominican population in the country, concentrated in New York City's Upper Manhattan and the Bronx. New York City is home to many African Americans, the majority with roots in the US but includes those with roots in Caribbean Islands like Jamaica and Haiti, as well as recent immigrants from Sub-Saharan African countries. The Bronx has a large population of blacks of Latin American origin, but so does northern Manhattan (Harlem) and Brooklyn which had American-born black majorities since the 1920s, as well the largest African American population of any state. New York City has 1 million of New York state's 1.4 million Asian Americans. At 480,000 of New York state's 570,000 Chinese Americans, New York City has a higher total number of Chinese Americans than Los Angeles County.
Among New York state's cities, as of 2010, New York City is 44% white (33% non-Hispanic white), 28% Latino, 25% African American, and 13% percent Asian American. The city of Buffalo, New York state's second-largest city, is 50% white (45% non-Hispanic white), 38% African American, 10% Latino, and 3% Asian American. The state capital of Albany is 57% white (54% non-Hispanic white), 30% African American, 8% Latino, and 5% Asian American.
Demographics from the 2000 census 
In the 2000 Census, Italian Americans make up the largest ancestral group in Staten Island and Long Island, followed by Irish Americans and Polish Americans. Manhattan's leading ancestry group is Dominicans since the 2000 census, followed by Irish Americans, then Italian Americans and more than 200 nationalities are counted, plus comparably large numbers of residents with Dutch, Portuguese, Greek, Russian and Swedish ancestry. Albany and southeast-central New York are heavily Irish American and Italian American. In Buffalo and western New York, German Americans are the largest group along with Polish Americans and other Slavic nationalities; in the northern tip of the state, French Canadians. New York State has a higher number of Italian-Americans than any other U.S. state. New York City is also said to be home to two million of Italian descent alone. NYC was once called the largest German, Greek, Irish, Italian, Polish and Russian communities outside their representative countries of origin.
Sometimes classified an ethnic group by some demographers and sometimes as a religious identity (Judaism), American Jews of various nationalities and various denominations, but most are American-born, are a major social presence in New York. An estimated 1 to 2 million alone in New York City and another 1 to 1.5 million live in surrounding areas, sometimes New York is referred to as the "world's largest Jewish city" since the mid-19th century. The first wave of Jewish immigrants in New York are of Sephardic origin, a scant 10,000 from Holland, Italy, Spain and Portugal in the 17th and 18th centuries, but in the 19th century more newcomers were first German and finally in the early 20th century millions from Eastern Europe like Poland and Russia, both of Ashkenazi origin. In the late 20th century, a smaller wave of Russian Jews and Ukrainian Jews settled in the Brighton Beach section in Brooklyn, and New York has many Israeli-American residents.
The intense development, urbanization and suburban sprawl of New York City makes it the most populated region in the U.S., an estimated 20 to 30 million in the eight-state Megalopolis stretching 500 miles from Boston to Washington DC, with New York City in the middle has 15 million residents in a 100 mile radius including Philadelphia (1.5 million in its city limits), northern New Jersey and Connecticut. The bulk of New York's population lives within two hours of New York City. According to the July 1, 2004 Census Bureau Estimate, New York City and its six closest New York State satellite counties (Suffolk, Nassau, Westchester, Rockland, Putnam and Orange) have a combined population of 12,626,200 people, or 65.67% of the state's population.
According to the 2000 U.S. Census, 13.61% of the population aged 5 and older speak Spanish at home, while 2.04% speak Chinese (including Cantonese and Mandarin), 1.65% Italian, and 1.23% Russian .[dead link] In age demographics: 6.5% of New York's population were under 5 years of age, 24.7% under 18, and 12.9% were 65 or older. Females made up 51.8% of the population. New York state has a fluctating population growth rate, it has experienced some shrinkage in the 1970s and 1980s, but milder growth in the 1990s and the first decade of the 21st century.
- Christian – 68%
- Jewish – 9%
- Muslim/Islamic – 3.5%
- Buddhist – 1%
- Other Religions – 4%
- Non-Religious – 13%
6% of the people surveyed refused to answer.
See also 
- "Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010" (PDF). March 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-29.
- "Population and Population Centers by State: 2000" (Text). Retrieved 2007-01-05.
- "DP-3. Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics: 2000, Geographic Area: New York". U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000. Retrieved 2007-01-05.
- [Mayer, Ph.D.]; Barry A. Kosmin, Ph.D, Ariela Keysar, Ph.D. (2001). "American Religious Identification Survey(Key Findings)". The City University of New York. Retrieved January 5, 2007.