Demographics of Newfoundland and Labrador

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Newfoundland and Labrador (/ˈnjuːfən(d)lænd ən(d) læbrəˈdɔr/; French: Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador, Irish: Talamh an Éisc agus Labradóir, Latin: Terra Nova) is a province of Canada on the country's Atlantic coast in northeastern North America. The province has an area of 405,212 km2 and a population in 2011 of 514,563, with approximately 95% of the provincial population residing on the Island of Newfoundland (including its associated smaller islands), with nearly half of the population residing on the Avalon Peninsula. People from Newfoundland and Labrador are called "Newfoundlanders," "Labradorians" (as appropriate), or "Newfoundlanders and Labradorians".

Population since 1951[edit]

Year Population Five Year
 % change
Ten Year
 % change
Rank Among
Provinces
1951 361,416 n/a n/a 9
1956 415,074 14.8 n/a 9
1961 457,853 10.3 26.7 9
1966 493,396 7.8 18.9 9
1971 522,100 5.8 14.0 9
1976 557,720 6.8 13.0 9
1981 567,681 1.8 8.7 9
1986 568,350 0.1 1.9 9
1991 568,475 0.02 0.1 9
1996 551,790 -2.9 -2.9 9
2001 512,930 -7.0 -9.8 9
2006 505,469 -1.5 -8.4 9
2011 514,536 1.8 0.3 9

Source: Statistics Canada[1][2]

Ethnicity[edit]

More than half the population identified their ethnocultural ancestry as Canadian, while two-fifths identified English ancestry, and one fifth identified Irish ancestry.

Ethnicity 2001 %
Canadian 271,345 53.41%
English 200,120 39.39%
Irish 100,260 19.73%
Scottish 30,295 5.96%
French 27,785 5.47%
North American Indian 16,030 3.16%
Inuit 7,445 1.47%
German 6,275 1.24%
Métis 6,120 1.20%
Newfoundlander 3,585 0.71%
Welsh 2,790 0.55%
Dutch (Netherlands) 1,385 0.27%
Italian 1,180 0.23%
Norwegian 1,180 0.23%
Chinese 1,110 0.22%
American (USA) 1,065 0.21%
East Indian 940 0.19%
British 925 0.18%
Spanish 765 0.15%
Portuguese 735 0.14%
Polish 665 0.13%
Ethnicity 2001 %
Swedish 655 0.13%
Ukrainian 580 0.11%
Lebanese 515 0.10%
Danish 455 0.09%
Jewish 370 0.07%
Filipino 340 0.07%
Russian 285 0.06%
Greek 245 0.05%
Hungarian (Magyar) 245 0.05%
Austrian 225 0.04%
African (Black), n.i.e. 180 0.04%
Egyptian 165 0.03%
Finnish 145 0.03%
Black 120 0.02%
Jamaican 120 0.02%
Acadian 115 0.02%
Arab, n.i.e. 115 0.02%
Belgian 115 0.02%
Czech 115 0.02%
Romanian 115 0.02%
South African 105 0.02%
Mongolia (2013) 1 0.00%


The same data on ethnocultural ancestry, grouped more geographically by Statistics Canada, are shown below:

Origins 2001 %
North American 274,755 54.08%
British Isles 266,010 52.36%
Aboriginal 28,065 5.52%
French 27,835 5.48%
Western European 7,705 1.52%
Southern European 3,285 0.65%
Northern European 2,510 0.49%
Eastern European 2,050 0.40%
East and Southeast Asian 1,685 0.33%
Origins 2001 %
South Asian 1,110 0.22%
Arab 915 0.18%
Other European 520 0.10%
African 465 0.09%
Caribbean 270 0.05%
West Asian 130 0.03%
Latin, Central and
South American
75 0.01%
Oceania 45 0.01%


Percentages are calculated as a proportion of the total number of respondents (508,075) and may total more than 100% due to dual responses.
Only groups of more than 0.02% are shown
[3]

Visible minorities and Aboriginals[edit]

Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2006 Census)
Population group Population  % of total population
White 471,440 94.2%
Visible minority group
Source:[4]
South Asian 1,590 0.3%
Chinese 1,325 0.3%
Black 905 0.2%
Filipino 305 0.1%
Latin American 480 0.1%
Arab 540 0.1%
Southeast Asian 120 0%
West Asian 115 0%
Korean 60 0%
Japanese 140 0%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 75 0%
Multiple visible minority 65 0%
Total visible minority population 5,720 1.1%
Aboriginal group
Source:[5]
First Nations 7,765 1.6%
Métis 6,470 1.3%
Inuit 4,715 0.9%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 4,205 0.8%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 290 0.1%
Total Aboriginal population 23,450 4.7%
Total population 500,610 100%

Languages[edit]

The 2006 Canadian census showed a population of 505,469.
Of the 499,830 singular responses to the census question concerning mother tongue the most commonly reported languages were:

2006 % 2001 %
1. English 488,405 97.71% 499,750 98.49%
2. French 1,885 0.38% 2,180 0.43%
3. Algonquian languages 1,625 0.33% 1,510 0.30%
Montagnais–Naskapi 1,585 0.32% 1,495 0.29%
4. Chinese languages 1,080 0.22% 525 0.10%
Cantonese 185 0.04% 55 0.01%
Mandarin 120 0.02% 25 ~
5. Spanish 670 0.13% 50 0.01%
6. German 655 0.13% 340 0.07%
7. Inuktitut 595 0.12% 550 0.11%
8. Urdu 550 0.11% 90 0.02%
9. Arabic 540 0.11% 210 0.04%
10. Dutch 300 0.06% 95 0.02%
11. Russian 225 0.05% 75 0.01%
12. Scandinavian languages 220 0.04% 125 0.02%
Norwegian 85 0.02% 40 0.01%
Danish 65 0.01% 55 0.01%
Swedish 65 0.01% 25 ~
13. Italian 195 0.04% 115 0.02%
14= Germanic languages n.i.e. 180 0.04% 75 0.01%
14= Tagalog (Filipino) 180 0.04% 130 0.03%
16. Serbo-Croatian (all) 170 0.03% 130 0.03%
Serbian 135 0.03% 15 ~
Croatian 35 0.01% 40 0.01%
Serbo-Croatian 0 ~ 75 0.01%
2006 % 2001 %
17. Bengali 165 0.03% 55 0.01%
18. Portuguese 150 0.03% 105 0.02%
19. Hungarian 140 0.03% 45 0.01%
20. Panjabi (Punjabi) 120 0.02% 95 0.02%
21= African languages n.i.e. 100 0.02% 10 ~
21= Non-verbal languages 100 0.02% N N
23= Bantu languages 95 0.02% 0 ~
23= Bulgarian 95 0.02% 75 0.01%
25. Niger–Congo languages n.i.e. 85 0.13% 40 0.1%
26. Romanian 75 0.02% 15 ~
27= Greek 70 0.01% 40 0.01%
27= Japanese 70 0.01% 45 0.01%
29. Telugu 65 0.01% 45 0.01%
30= Persian 60 0.01% 70 0.01%
30= Ukrainian 60 0.01% 20 ~
32= Czech 50 0.01% 15 ~
32= Gujarati 50 0.01% 50 0.01%
32= Hindi 50 0.01% 55 0.01%
32= Korean 50 0.01% 50 0.01%
36. Malayalam 40 0.01% 10 ~
37. Turkish 40 0.01% 25 ~
38. Welsh 35 0.01% 20 ~
39. Gaelic languages 30 0.01% 10 ~
40. Mongolian language (2013) 1 0.00% ~


Note: "n.i.e.": not included elsewhere

There were also about 25 single-language responses for Amharic, 25 for Bisayan languages, 20 for Sinhala and 20 for Slovak. In addition, there were also 435 responses of English and a non-official language; 30 of French and a non-official language; 295 of English and French; and 10 of English, French, and a non-official language. (Figures shown are for the number of single language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses.)[6]

Migration[edit]

Immigration[edit]

The 2006 Canadian census counted a total of 8,380 immigrants living in Newfoundland and Labrador.
The most commonly reported origins for these immigrants were:[7]

Rank Origin # Immigrants
1. United Kingdom 2,335
2. United States 1,405
3. India 440
4. Germany 390
5. China 345
6. Pakistan 170
7. Philippines 160
8= Ireland (Éire) 150
8= Netherlands 150
10= Egypt 125
10= South Africa 125
12. Colombia 120

There were also about 115 immigrants from Portugal; about 105 each from Hong Kong and from Sudan; about 100 from the former Yugoslavia; about 95 each from El Salvador and from France; about 85 from Iraq; and about 75 each from Sri Lanka and from Russia.

Internal migration[edit]

A total of 41,840 people moved to Newfoundland and Labrador from other parts of Canada between 1996 and 2006 while 79,125 people moved in the opposite direction. These movements resulted in a net outmigration of 18,820 people to Alberta, 9,900 to Ontario 4,690 to Nova Scotia, 1,615 to British Columbia, 940 to Saskatchewan, 825 to the Northwest Territories, and 700 to Prince Edward Island; and a net influx of 690 people from Manitoba. During this period there was also a net outmigration of 580 francophones to Quebec and 230 francophones moving to Ontario, and a net influx of 320 anglophones from Quebec. (All net inter-provincial movements of more than 500 persons and all official minority movements of more than 100 persons are given.)[8][9]

Cities and towns[edit]

Ten Largest Urban Areas in the province by population[10]

Urban Area 2006
St. John's 181,113
Corner Brook 26,623
Grand Falls-Windsor 13,558
Bay Roberts 10,507
Gander 9,951
Labrador City 7,240
Happy Valley – Goose Bay 7,572
Stephenville 6,588

Largest municipalities by population[edit]

The 10 largest municipalities in the province by population are
Municipality 2001 2006
St. John's 99,182 100,646
Mount Pearl 24,964 24,671
Conception Bay South 19,772 21,966
Corner Brook 20,103 20,083
Grand Falls-Windsor 13,340 13,558
Paradise 9,598 12,584
Gander 9,651 9,951
Happy Valley – Goose Bay 7,969 7,572
Labrador City 7,744 7,240
Stephenville 7,109 6,588

See also[edit]

NL
Canadian Provinces and Territories
Demographics of Canada's provinces and territories

References[edit]