Demographics of Oman

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Oman, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

In Oman, about 50% of the population lives in Muscat and the Batinah coastal plain northwest of the capital; about 200,000 live in the Dhofar (southern) region; and about 30,000 live in the remote Musandam Peninsula on the Strait of Hormuz. Some 900,000 expatriates live in Oman, most of whom are guest workers from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Morocco, Jordan, and the Philippines.

Since 1970, the government has given high priority to education in order to develop a domestic work force, which the government considers a vital factor in the country's economic and social progress. In 1986, Oman's first university, Sultan Qaboos University, opened. Other post secondary institutions include a law school, technical college, banking institute, teachers' training college, and health sciences institute. Some 200 scholarships are awarded each year for study abroad.

Nine private colleges exist, providing 2-year post secondary diplomas. Since 1999, the government has embarked on reforms in higher education designed to meet the needs of a growing population. Under the reformed system, four public regional universities were be created, and incentives are provided by the government to promote the upgrading of the existing nine private colleges and the creation of other degree-granting private colleges.

Population[edit]

Demographics of Oman, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

Census results[1][edit]

Total population Omani population Expatriate population
1993 2,000,000 1,465,000 (73.3%) 535,000 (26.7%)
2003 2,340,815 1,781,558 (76.1%) 559,257 (23.9%)
2010 2,773,479 1,957,336 (70.6%) 816,143 (29.4%)

UN estimates[2][edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1950 456,000 —    
1960 557,000 +22.1%
1970 732,000 +31.4%
1980 1,181,000 +61.3%
1990 1,868,000 +58.2%
2000 2,264,000 +21.2%
2010 2,782,000 +22.9%
Source:[3]
Total population (thousands) Population aged 0–14 (%) Population aged 15–64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)
1950 456 42.3 54.6 3.0
1955 501 43.6 53.2 3.2
1960 557 44.6 52.1 3.2
1965 631 45.6 51.2 3.3
1970 732 46.4 50.4 3.2
1975 898 46.1 50.9 3.0
1980 1 181 45.6 51.8 2.6
1985 1 539 46.0 51.6 2.4
1990 1 868 45.6 52.1 2.3
1995 2 232 40.3 57.5 2.2
2000 2 264 36.7 60.8 2.5
2005 2 430 32.1 65.1 2.8
2010 2 782 27.2 70.3 2.5

Vital statistics[edit]

UN estimates[2][edit]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR1 CDR1 NC1 TFR1 IMR1
1950-1955 23 000 13 000 11 000 48.9 26.2 22.7 7.25 214.1
1955-1960 26 000 13 000 13 000 49.1 23.9 25.2 7.25 194.1
1960-1965 29 000 13 000 17 000 49.3 21.3 28.0 7.25 171.4
1965-1970 34 000 12 000 21 000 49.3 18.2 31.2 7.31 145.4
1970-1975 40 000 12 000 28 000 49.1 14.5 34.6 7.41 114.7
1975-1980 53 000 12 000 41 000 51.2 11.5 39.7 8.10 87.6
1980-1985 67 000 11 000 55 000 48.9 8.4 40.6 8.32 64.4
1985-1990 74 000 10 000 64 000 43.3 5.7 37.6 7.85 42.5
1990-1995 68 000 8 000 60 000 33.1 4.0 29.1 6.27 31.4
1995-2000 60 000 8 000 52 000 26.7 3.4 23.2 4.46 24.4
2000-2005 50 000 7 000 43 000 21.5 3.1 18.4 3.01 15.3
2005-2010 50 000 10 000 40 000 19.1 3.7 15.3 2.52 9.4
1 CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births

Ethnic groups[edit]

The Omani population is ethnically diverse, with several ethnic groups, such as the Baluch, Ajam, Lawatia and the Jibbali. As well as the predominant Arab population, many of whom lived in Zanzibar and other parts of the Swahili Coast for years and speak Swahili as well as Arabic.

Migration[edit]

Because of the combination of a relatively small Omani population and a fast-growing oil-driven economy, Oman has attracted many migrants. At the 2010 census the total expatriate population was 816,000 or 29.4% of the population.[4] Most migrants are males from India (465,660 for both sexes), Bangladesh (107,125) or Pakistan (84,658). Female migrant workers are mainly from Indonesia (25,300), the Philippines (15,651) or Sri Lanka (10,178). Migrants from Arab countries account for 68,986 migrants (Egypt 29,877, Jordan 7,403, Sudan 6,867, UAE 6,426, Iraq 4,159, Saudi Arabia 725, Bahrain 388, Qatar 168, other 12,683) and other Asian countries for 12,939 migrants. There were 8,541 migrants from Europe, 1,540 from the United States and 15,565 from other countries.

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.[5]

Sex ratio[edit]


at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.46 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.2 male(s)/female
total population: 1.26 male(s)/female (2005 est.)

Life expectancy at birth[edit]


total population: 74.16 years
male: 74.87 years
female: 76.55 years (2010 est.)

Urbanisation[edit]

About 78% of the population is urban.

Nationality[edit]


noun: Omani(s)
adjective: Omani

Religions[edit]

Islam (Ibadhi Muslim 75%, Sunni Muslim, Shi'a Muslim), Christianity, Hinduism

Languages[edit]

Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Kiswahili, Urdu, Lawati (Khojki), Gujarati, Zadjali, Ajami, Kamzari, Jibbali (Qarawi): Shehri, Mehri, Habyoti, Bathari, Hikmani, Harsusi, Malayalam, Tamil and other Indian dialects

Literacy[edit]

definition: Literacy has been described as the ability to read for knowledge and write coherently and think critically about the written word.
total population: 75.8%
male: 83.1%
female: 67.2% (2003 est.)

Overseas Omani people[edit]

Today several thousand Omani born people have emigrated abroad, the figures are shown below (only countries with more than 100 Omani born residents are listed).[6]

Country Omani population
United Kingdom United Kingdom 2,024
United States United States 940
Canada Canada 315
Australia Australia 209

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Government[edit]