Demographics of Prince Edward Island

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Demographics of the province of Prince Edward Island, Canada. According to the 2011 National Household Survey,[28][29] the largest ethnic group consists of people of Scottish descent (39.2%), followed by English (31.1%), Irish (30.4%), French (21.1%), German (5.2%), and Dutch (3.1%) descent. Prince Edward Island is mostly a white community and there are few visible minorities. Chinese people are the largest visible minority group of Prince Edward Island, comprising 1.3% of the province's population.[28] Almost half of respondents identified their ethnicity as "Canadian." Most readers will not know that Prince Edward Island is by a strong margin the most Celtic and specifically the most Scottish province in Canada (often thought to be Nova Scotia) and perhaps the most Scottish place (ethnically) in the world, outside of Scotland. 38% of islanders claim Scottish ancestry, but this is an underestimate and it is thought that almost 50% of islanders have Scottish roots. When combined with Irish and Welsh, almost 80% of islanders are of some Celtic stock, albeit most families have resided in PEI for at least two centuries. Few places outside Europe can claim such a homogenous Celtic ethnic background. Certainly, in a North American context, the only other jurisdiction with such a high percentage of British Isles heritage would be Newfoundland.

Population[edit]

City Metropolitan Areas[edit]

City 2011 2006 Land Area km² Density /km²
Charlottetown 64,487 59,325 798.54 80.8
Summerside 16,488 16,153 91.85 179.5

Cities and towns[edit]

Town Population (2011) Population Ranking Land Area km² Area Ranking Density /km² Density Ranking
Alberton 1,135 8 4.50 5 252.1 8
Charlottetown 34,562 1 44.33 1 779.7 1
Cornwall 5,162 4 28.20 3 183.1 9
Georgetown 675 9 1.65 9 409.6 5
Kensington 1,496 6 3.02 8 495.4 4
Montague 1,895 5 3.04 7 622.7 2
Souris 1,173 7 3.42 6 342.8 7
Stratford 8,574 3 22.48 4 381.4 6
Summerside 14,751 2 28.36 2 520.1 3

Population of Prince Edward Island since 1851[edit]

Population of Prince Edward Island since 1851
Year Population Mean annual
 % change
Five Year
 % change
Ten Year
 % change
Rank Among
Provinces
1851 62,678 n/a n/a n/a 5
1861 80,857 2.6 n/a 29.0 5
1871 94,021 1.5 n/a 16.3 5
1881 108,891 1.5 n/a 15.8 5
1891 109,078 0.017 n/a 0.2 6
1901 103,259 −0.55 n/a -5.3 7
1911 93,728 −0.96 n/a -9.2 9
1921 88,615 −0.56 n/a -5.4 9
1931 88,038 −0.065 n/a -0.7 9
1941 95,047 0.77 n/a 8.0 9
1951 98,429 0.35 n/a 3.6 10
1956 99,285 0.17 0.9 n/a 10
1961 104,629 1.1 5.4 6.3 10
1966 108,535 0.74 3.7 9.3 10
1971 111,635 0.56 2.9 6.7 10
1976 118,225 1.2 5.9 8.9 10
1981 122,506 0.7 3.6 9.7 10
1986 126,640 0.67 3.4 7.1 10
1991 129,765 0.49 2.5 5.9 10
1996 134,557 0.73 3.7 6.3 10
2001 135,294 0.11 0.5 4.2 10
2006* 138,519 0.47 2.4 2.9 10

*Preliminary 2006 census estimate.

Source: Statistics Canada[1][2]

Visible minorities and Aboriginals[edit]

Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2006 Census)
Population group Population  % of total population
White 130,650 97.4%
Visible minority group
Source:[3]
South Asian 130 0.1%
Chinese 250 0.2%
Black 645 0.5%
Filipino 30 0%
Latin American 215 0.2%
Arab 260 0.2%
Southeast Asian 30 0%
West Asian 30 0%
Korean 70 0.1%
Japanese 65 0%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 60 0%
Multiple visible minority 25 0%
Total visible minority population 1,825 1.4%
Aboriginal group
Source:[4]
First Nations 1,230 0.9%
Métis 385 0.3%
Inuit 30 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 75 0.1%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 10 0%
Total Aboriginal population 1,730 1.3%
Total population 134,205 100%

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic Origin Population Percent
"Canadian" 60,000 44.98%
Scottish 50,700 38.01%
English 38,330 28.74%
Irish 37,170 27.87%
French 28,410 21.30%
German 5,400 4.05%
Dutch (Netherlands) 4,130 3.10%
Acadian 3,020 2.26%
North American Indian 2,360 1.77%
Welsh 1,440 1.08%
American (USA) 640
Polish 615
Italian 605
Lebanese 525
Danish 420
Norwegian 325
Ukrainian 320
Swedish 315
Belgian 240
Métis 245
Chinese 225
Hungarian (Magyar) 225
British, not included elsewhere 210
Spanish 175
Jewish 165
Russian 160
Swiss 145
Finnish 135
Inuit 120
Information taken from the Canada 2001 Census..[5]
* These percentages sum to more than 100% due to dual responses (e.g. "French-Canadian" generating an entry in both "French" and "Canadian" categories.) Groups with greater than 1,000 responses are included.

Languages[edit]

The 2006 Canadian census showed a population of 135,851. Of the 133,570 singular responses to the question concerning mother tongue the most commonly reported languages were:

1. English 125,260 93.78%
2. French 5,345 4.00%
3. Dutch 865 0.65%
4. German 275 0.21%
5. Spanish 220 0.16%
6. Chinese languages 190 0.14%
Mandarin 45 0.03%
Cantonese 15 0.01%
7. Arabic 150 0.11%
8. Hungarian 120 0.09%
9. Algonquian languages 95 0.07%
Mi'kmaq 90 0.07%
10. Serbo-Croatian languages 85 0.07%
Serbian 35 0.03%
Croatian 20 0.01%
Bosnian 15 0.01%
Serbo-Croatian 15 0.01%
11. Japanese 80 0.06%
12= Bantu languages 70 0.05%
12= Polish 70 0.05%
14= Korean 65 0.05%
14= Scandinavian languages 65 0.05%
Danish 40 0.03%
Swedish 15 0.01%
Icelandic 10 0.01%
16= Frisian 55 0.04%
16= Italian 55 0.04%
18= Flemish 40 0.03%
18= Hindi 40 0.03%
20= Creole 35 0.03%
20= Urdu 35 0.03%

There were also 30 single-language responses for Greek and Niger-Congo languages n.i.e.; 25 for Russian; 20 for Ukrainian; 15 for Finnish, Germanic languages n.i.e., Inuktitut, Maltese, Persian and Tagalog; and 10 for Czech, Estonian, Portuguese, Slovenian, Turkish and Vietnamese. In addition, there were also 105 responses of English and a non-official language; 25 of French and a non-official language; 495 of English and French; and 10 of English, French, and a non-official language. (Figures shown are for the number of single language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses.)[6]

Migration[edit]

Immigration[edit]

The 2006 Canadian census counted a total of 4,785 immigrants living in Prince Edward Island.
The most commonly reported origins for these immigrants were: [7]

1. United States 1,255
2. United Kingdom 1,165
3. Netherlands 500
4. Germany 225
5. former Yugoslavia 140
6. Belgium 85
7= Colombia 70
7= South Korea 70
9= Australia 65
9= New Zealand 65
11= China 60
11= Lebanon 60

There were also about fifty-five immigrants from Denmark; about fifty each from India, Japan, and Poland; about forty-five each from Hungary, Sierra Leone, and Syria; and about thirty-five from Zimbabwe.

Internal migration[edit]

A total of 16,205 people moved to Prince Edward Island from other parts of Canada between 1996 and 2006 while 15,445 people moved in the opposite direction. These movements resulted in a net outmigration of 1,450 people to Alberta; and a net influx of 700 people from Newfoundland and Labrador, 530 from Ontario, 295 from Nova Scotia, 180 from New Brunswick, 150 from British Columbia, and 110 from Manitoba. During this period there was also a net outmigration of 165 francophones to Quebec, and a net influx of 145 anglophones from Quebec. (All net inter-provincial and official minority movements of more than 100 persons are given.)[8][9]

Religious Groups[edit]

Religion Population Percent
Total population 133,385 100.0%
Roman Catholic 63,240 47.4%
United Church 26,570 19.9%
No religion 8,705 6.5%
Presbyterian 7,885 5.9%
Anglican 6,525 4.9%
Baptist 5,950 4.5%
Protestant not included elsewhere 5,105 3.8%
Christian not included elsewhere 3,210 2.4%
Pentecostal 975 0.7%
Jehovah's Witnesses 475 0.4%
Salvation Army 340 0.3%
Mormon 215 0.2%
Christian Reformed Church 205 0.2%
Muslim 195 0.1%
Brethren in Christ 165 0.1%
Non-denominational 165 0.1%
Lutheran 160 0.1%
Buddhist 140 0.1%
Greek Orthodox 110 0.1%
Orthodox not included elsewhere 70 0.1%
Jewish 55 0.0%
Aboriginal spirituality 50 0.0%
Pagan 45 0.0%
Seventh-day Adventist 35 0.0%
Hindu 35 0.0%
Ukrainian Catholic 15 0.0%
Evangelical Missionary Church 10 0.0%
Mennonite 10 0.0%
Methodist 10 0.0%
Information taken from the 2001 Canadian Census..[5]

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Charlottetown comprises the entire Island and is the second oldest English diocese in Canada. The Archdiocese of Kingston is the oldest.

Censusdivisions-ethnic.png

See also[edit]

PE
Canadian Provinces and Territories
Demographics of Canada's provinces and territories

References[edit]