Demographics of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

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This article is about the demographics of the population of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, including population density, ethnicity, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Census population and average annual growth rate
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1871 35,688 —    
1881 40,548 +1.28%
1891 41,054 +0.12%
1911 41,877 +0.10%
1921 44,447 +0.60%
1931 47,961 +0.76%
1946 61,647 +1.69%
1960 79,948 +1.87%
1970 86,944 +0.84%
1980 97,845 +1.19%
1991 106,499 +0.77%
2001 106,253 −0.02%
2011 —    
Source:[1]

Population[edit]

Population of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Data of FAO, year 2005; Number of inhabitants in thousands

According to the 2001 population census Saint Vincent and the Grenadines has a population of 106,253, a decrease of 256 since the 1991 census.[1] The population decrease of St. Vincent is caused by a high rate of emigration, as natural growth is positive. The estimated mid-year population of 2014 is 109,400 (medium fertility scenario of The 2012 Revision of the World Population Prospects).[2]

Vital statistics[edit]

Average population (x 1000)[3][4] Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate Infant mortality rate
1950 67 2 662 1 022 1 640 39.7 15.3 24.5
1951 68 2 930 990 1 940 43.0 14.5 28.5
1952 69 2 906 1 117 1 789 42.0 16.1 25.8
1953 71 3 069 1 127 1 942 43.5 16.0 27.5
1954 72 3 117 1 125 1 992 43.3 15.6 27.7
1955 74 3 607 1 102 2 505 49.1 15.0 34.1
1956 75 3 601 937 2 664 48.0 12.5 35.5
1957 77 4 261 985 3 276 55.6 12.9 42.7
1958 78 3 930 1 223 2 707 50.3 15.6 34.6
1959 80 4 051 1 141 2 910 50.9 14.3 36.6
1960 81 3 985 1 210 2 775 49.2 14.9 34.3
1961 82 3 968 1 024 2 944 48.3 12.5 35.8
1962 83 3 727 957 2 770 44.8 11.5 33.3
1963 84 3 637 1 006 2 631 43.2 12.0 31.3
1964 85 3 678 821 2 857 43.2 9.7 33.6
1965 86 3 770 831 2 939 43.9 9.7 34.2
1966 87 3 809 829 2 980 43.9 9.5 34.3
1967 88 3 574 775 2 799 40.7 8.8 31.9
1968 89 3 324 825 2 499 37.5 9.3 28.2
1969 90 3 093 883 2 210 34.6 9.9 24.7
1970 90 3 327 737 2 590 36.8 8.1 28.6
1971 91 3 714 734 2 980 40.6 8.0 32.6
1972 92 3 705 890 2 815 40.1 9.6 30.4
1973 94 3 243 990 2 253 34.7 10.6 24.1
1974 95 3 373 716 2 657 35.7 7.6 28.1
1975 96 3 398 724 2 674 35.5 7.6 28.0
1976 97 3 786 724 3 062 39.2 7.5 31.7
1977 98 3 152 732 2 420 32.3 7.5 24.8
1978 99 3 275 745 2 530 33.2 7.6 25.7
1979 100 3 409 693 2 716 34.2 7.0 27.3
1980 101 3 075 724 2 351 30.6 7.2 23.4
1981 101 3 227 772 2 455 31.8 7.6 24.2
1982 102 3 352 717 2 635 32.8 7.0 25.8
1983 103 3 295 779 2 516 32.0 7.6 24.4
1984 104 2 831 703 2 128 27.3 6.8 20.5
1986 105 2 708 655 2 053 25.7 6.2 19.5
1988 107 2 537 712 1 825 23.8 6.7 17.1
1990 108 2 552 686 1 866 23.7 6.4 17.4
1991 108 2 591 654 1 937 24.0 6.1 18.0
1992 108 2 686 714 1 972 24.9 6.6 18.3
1993 108 2 687 680 2 007 24.9 6.3 18.6
1994 108 2 549 732 1 817 23.6 6.8 16.8
1995 108 2 614 730 1 884 24.2 6.8 17.4
1996 108 2 338 792 1 546 21.6 7.3 14.3
1997 108 2 311 736 1 575 21.4 6.8 14.6
1998 108 2 112 830 1 282 19.6 7.7 11.9
1999 108 2 171 833 1 338 20.1 7.7 12.4
2000 108 2 149 700 1 449 19.9 6.5 13.4
2001 108 2 109 765 1 344 19.5 7.1 12.4
2002 108 1 985 766 1 219 18.4 7.1 11.3
2003 108 1 923 790 1 133 17.7 7.3 10.5
2004 109 1 804 812 992 16.6 7.5 9.1
2005 109 1 779 813 966 16.4 7.5 8.9 2.1 16.3
2006 109 1 795 770 1 225 16.5 7.1 9.4 2.2 27.8
2007 109 1 822 779 1 043 16.7 7.1 9.6 2.2 18.7
2008 109 1 901 848 1 053 17.4 7.8 9.6 2.3 17.9
2009 109 1 905 765 1 140 17.4 7.0 10.4 2.3 16.8
2010 109 1 765 840 925 16.1 7.7 8.5 2.3

Ethnic groups[edit]

Saint Vincents's population is predominantly African/black (77,390 in 2001; 72.8% of the total population) or of mixed African-European descent (21,303; 20%).[1] 1.4% of the population is East Indian (1,436 residents in 2001) and 1.4% white (608 Portuguese and 870 other white).

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines also has a small Black Carib population. During the past decades the Black Caribs increased from 3,347 at the 1991 census (3.1% of the population) to 3,818 at the 2001 census (3.6% of the population). Black Caribs are indigenous from the island of Saint Vincent, formed in the 18th century by the mixture between Carib Amerindians and black slaves. A part of their community (now known as Garifuna) was expelled from St. Vincent in 1797 and exported to the island of Roatán, Honduras, from where they migrated to the Caribbean coast of the mainland of Central America and spread as far as Belize and Nicaragua.[5] While the Garifuna have retained their Carib language,[6] the Black Caribs of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines speak Creole English.[7]

The remaining 0.8% of the population includes Chinese and people from the Middle East.

Language[edit]

While the official language is English most Vincentians speak Vincentian Creole.[8] English is used in education, government, religion, and other formal domains, while Creole (or "dialect" as it is referred to locally) is used in informal situations such as in the home and among friends.[9]

Religion[edit]

According to the 2001 census, 81.5% of the population of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is considered Christian, 6.7% has another religion and 8.8% has no religion or did not state a religion (1.5%).[1]

Anglicanism constitutes the largest religion, with 17.8% of the population. Pentecostals are the second largest group (17.6%). The next largest group are Methodists (10.9% of the population), followed by Seventh-day Adventists (10.2%) and Baptists (10.0%). Other Christians include Roman Catholics (7.5%), Evangelicals (2.8%), Church of God (2.5%), Brethren (1.3%) Jehovah's Witnesses (0.6%), and the Salvation Army (0.3%). Between 1991 and 2001 the number of Anglicans, Brethren, Methodists and Roman Catholics decreased, while the number of Pentecostals, Evangelicals and Seventh-day Adventists increased.

The number of non-Christians is small. These religious groups include the Rastafarians (1.5% of the population), Hindus and Muslims.

References[edit]