Demographics of Saskatchewan

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Saskatchewan is the middle province of Canada's three Prairie Provinces. Saskatchewan has an area of 651,900 km² (251,700 mi²) and a population of 985,386 (Saskatchewanians) as of 2006. Most of its population lives in the southern half of the province. The most populous city is Saskatoon with a population of 235,800 (July 1, 2005), followed by the province's capital, Regina with a population of 199,000 as of 2005. The province's population makeup is also notable for German being the largest European ethnic group and also for the largest proportion of people of indigenous descent of any of the provinces.

Population since 1901[edit]

Saskatchewan's population since 1901
Year Population Five-year
% change
Ten-year
% change
Rank among
provinces
1901 91,279 n/a n/a 8
1911 492,432 n/a 439.5 3
1921 757,510 n/a 53.8 3
1931 921,785 n/a 21.7 3
1941 895,992 n/a -2.8 3
1951 831,728 n/a -7.2 5
1956 880,665 5.9 n/a 5
1961 925,181 5.1 11.2 5
1966 955,344 3.3 8.5 6
1971 926,242 -3.0 0.1 6
1976 921,325 -0.5 3.6 6
1981 968,313 5.1 4.5 6
1986 1,009,613 4.3 9.6 6
1991 988,928 -2.0 2.1 6
1996 976,615 -1.2 -3.3 6
2001 978,933 0.2 -1.0 6
2006 985,386 0.7 0.9 6
2011 1,053,960 7.0 7.6 6

Source: Statistics Canada.[1][2]

Visible minorities and Aboriginals[edit]

Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2006 Census)
Population group Population  % of total population
White 778,060 81.6%
Visible minority group
Source:[3]
South Asian 5,130 0.5%
Chinese 9,505 1%
Black 5,090 0.5%
Filipino 3,770 0.4%
Latin American 2,520 0.3%
Arab 1,710 0.2%
Southeast Asian 2,555 0.3%
West Asian 1,020 0.1%
Korean 740 0.1%
Japanese 645 0.1%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 405 0%
Multiple visible minority 810 0.1%
Total visible minority population 33,900 3.6%
Aboriginal group
Source:[4]
First Nations 91,400 9.6%
Métis 48,120 5%
Inuit 215 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 1,530 0.2%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 625 0.1%
Total Aboriginal population 141,890 14.9%
Total population 953,850 100%

Ethnic origins[edit]

Note: The following statistics include a combination of individual and multiple responses from the 2001 Census, and therefore do not add up to 100%.[5]

Due to the emigration of its non-indigenous peoples' population and the high birthrate of the aboriginal population it is estimated that by 2045 aboriginal people (including both Métis and First Nations) will make up just under a third of the province's population. [3]

Languages[edit]

The 2006 census showed a population of 968,157. Of the 946,250 singular responses to the census question concerning mother tongue the languages most commonly reported were:

2006 % 2001 %
1. English 811,275 85.7% 817,955 85.8%
2. German 28,555 3.0% 32,515 3.4%
3. Algonquian languages 26,525 2.8% 23,735 2.5%
Cree 24,255 2.6% 22,055 2.1%
Ojibway 1,745 0.2% 1,375 0.1%
4. Ukrainian 16,350 1.7% 19,650 2.1%
5. French 16,060 1.7% 17,775 1.9%
6. Chinese languages 7,475 0.8% 6,015 0.6%
Cantonese 1,720 0.2% 1,425 0.2%
Mandarin 715 0.1% 395 <0.1%
7. Athapaskan languages 7,145 0.8% 6,315 0.7%
Dene 7,135 0.8% 6,310 0.7%
8. Polish 2,510 0.4% 3,015 0.3%
9. Hungarian 2,190 0.2% 2,700 0.3%
10. Tagalog (Filipino/Pilipino) 2,170 0.2% 1,545 0.2%
11. Dutch 1,785 0.2% 1,930 0.20%
12. Scandinavian languages 1,690 0.2% 2,320 0.2%
Norwegian 830 0.1% 1,260 0.1%
Danish 420 <0.1% 430 0.1%
Swedish 355 <0.1% 525 0.1%
13. Arabic 1,525 0.12% 1,090 0.11%
14. Russian 1,400 0.2% 1,440 0.2%
15. Vietnamese 1,305 0.1% 1,390 0.2%
16. Serbo-Croatian languages 1,250 0.1% 1,235 0.1%
Croatian 450 0.1% 435 0.1%
Bosnian 335 <0.1% N N
Serbian 270 <0.1% 210 <0.1%
Serbo-Croatian 195 <0.1% 590 0.1%
17. Greek 1,060 0.1% 980 0.1%
18. Panjabi (Punjabi) 850 0.1% 540 0.1%
19. Persian 785 0.1% 415 <0.1%
20. Romanian 770 0.1% 775 0.1%
21. Italian 735 0.1% 895 0.1%
22. Korean 675 0.1% 425 <0.1%
23. Germanic languages n.i.e. 605 0.1% 375 <0.1%
24. Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux) 410 <0.1% 345 <0.1%
25. African languages n.i.e. 405 <0.1% 130 0.01%
26. Portuguese 380 <0.1% 405 <0.1%
27. Finnish 365 <0.1% 435 <0.1%
28. Hindi 355 <0.1% 320 <0.1%
29. Lao 340 <0.1% 275 0.03%
30. Urdu 330 <0.1% 425 <0.1%
31= Bantu languages 325 <0.1% 170 <0.1%
Swahili 105 <0.1% 110 <0.1%
31= Czech 325 <0.1% 415 <0.1%
33. Berber 310 <0.1% 185 <0.1%
34. Japanese 290 <0.1% 185 <0.1%
35. Niger–Congo languages n.i.e. 285 <0.1% 100 <0.1%
36. Tigrigna 215 <0.1% 190 <0.1%
37= Gujarati 210 <0.1% 225 0.02%
37= Slovak 210 <0.1% 100 <0.1%
37= Somali 210 <0.1% 35 ~
40. Bengali 190 <0.1% 70 <0.1%

Note: "n.i.e.": not included elsewhere

There were also 175 single-language responses for Non-verbal languages (Sign languages); 170 for Amharic; 155 for Turkish; 140 for Sinhala; 135 for Slavic languages n.i.e.; 130 for Slovenian; 120 for Pashto; 115 for Malay; 115 for Malayalam; 115 for Thai; 110 for Ilocano; 110 for Khmer; 100 for Celtic languages; and 100 for Sino-Tibetan languages n.i.e. In addition there were also 6,080 responses of both English and a non-official language; 245 of both French and a non-official language; 1,130 of both English and French; and 140 of English, French and a non-official language. Figures shown are for the number of single language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses.[6]

Migration[edit]

Immigration[edit]

The 2006 Canadian census counted a total of 48,155 immigrants living in Saskatchewan, 30,615 of whom arrived more than 17 years ago.
The most commonly reported countries of birth for all immigrants living in Saskatchewan were:[7]

1. United Kingdom 8,230
2. United States 5,425
3. China 3,405
4. Germany 2,675
5. Philippines 2,455
6. Poland 1,935
7. India 1,685
8. former Yugoslavia 1,540
9. Netherlands 1,355
10. Vietnam 1,295
11. Ukraine 1,050
12. Hong Kong 885
13. Romania 750
14. South Africa 720
15. Chile 700
16. Sudan 665
17. Greece 645
18. El Salvador 585
19. Iraq 555
20. Italy 545

There were also about 520 immigrants from Russia; 510 from Hungary; 425 from South Korea; 360 from Laos; 340 from Iran; 330 from Pakistan; 310 from Afghanistan; 300 from Denmark; 280 from Ireland (Eire); 255 from Australia and Kenya; and 240 from France and Mexico.

Internal migration[edit]

A total of 81,535 people moved to Saskatchewan from other parts of Canada between 1996 and 2006 while 131,845 people moved in the opposite direction. These movements resulted in a net outmigration of 42,000 people to Alberta, 4,980 to British Columbia, and 4,570 to Ontario; as well as a net influx of 940 people from Newfoundland and Labrador, and 610 people from Manitoba. During this period there was a net outmigration of 775 francophones to Alberta, 545 to Quebec, 170 to Ontario, and 125 to British Columbia; as well as a net influx of 180 anglophones from Quebec. (All net inter-provincial movements of more than 500 persons and official minority movements of more than 100 persons are given.)[8][9]

See also[edit]

SK
Canadian Provinces and Territories
Demographics of Canada's provinces and territories

References[edit]

  1. ^ The history of Saskatchewan's population from Statistics Canada
  2. ^ Canada's population. Statistics Canada. Last accessed September 28, 2006.
  3. ^ [1], Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
  4. ^ [2], Aboriginal Population Profile from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
  5. ^ Ethnic origins from Statistics Canada
  6. ^ Detailed Mother Tongue (186), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) (2006 Census)
  7. ^ Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (8) and Place of Birth (261) (2006 Census)
  8. ^ Province or Territory of Residence 5 Years Ago (14), Mother Tongue (8), Age Groups (16) and Sex (3) (2006 Census)
  9. ^ Province or Territory of Residence 5 Years Ago (14), Mother Tongue (8), Age Groups (16) and Sex (3) (2001 census)