Demographics of Suriname
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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Suriname, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
Most Surinamese people live in the narrow, northern coastal plain. The population is one of the most ethnically varied in the world. Each ethnic group preserves its own culture and many institutions, including political parties, tend to follow ethnic lines. Informal relationships vary: the upper classes of all ethnic backgrounds mix freely; outside of the elite, social relations tend to remain within ethnic groupings. All groups may be found in the schools and workplace.
According to the 2010 revison of the World Population Prospects the total population was 525,000 in 2010, compared to only 215,000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 28.6%, 65% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 6.5% was 65 years or older .
Total and Percent Distribution of Population by Age (Censuses 2004 & 2012)
|1950-1955||10 000||3 000||7 000||48.0||14.9||33.1||6.56||89||56.0||54.4||57.7|
|1955-1960||12 000||3 000||9 000||46.0||12.4||33.6||6.56||76||58.7||57.0||60.5|
|1960-1965||14 000||3 000||11 000||44.8||10.6||34.2||6.56||64||60.5||58.7||62.5|
|1965-1970||14 000||3 000||11 000||39.7||9.0||30.6||5.95||55||62.4||60.5||64.5|
|1970-1975||13 000||3 000||10 000||34.9||8.3||26.6||5.29||49||64.0||61.7||66.5|
|1975-1980||11 000||3 000||8 000||30.2||7.4||22.8||4.20||44||65.1||62.8||67.7|
|1980-1985||11 000||3 000||8 000||30.0||7.3||22.7||3.70||42||66.5||63.6||69.8|
|1985-1990||10 000||3 000||7 000||25.4||7.2||18.2||3.00||39||67.1||64.0||70.7|
|1990-1995||9 000||3 000||6 000||22.5||7.1||15.4||2.60||34||67.6||64.4||71.1|
|1995-2000||11 000||3 000||8 000||23.6||7.4||16.2||2.80||29||67.8||64.6||71.4|
|2000-2005||10 000||4 000||6 000||21.0||7.6||13.4||2.60||24||68.1||64.8||71.7|
|2005-2010||10 000||4 000||6 000||19.1||7.3||11.9||2.42||22||69.6||66.4||73.1|
|* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)|
|Census 1921||Census 1950||Census 1964||Census 1972||Census 1980||Census 2004||Census 2012 |
- Amerindian, the original inhabitants of Suriname increased from 2% in 1964 to 4% in 2004.
- East Indian, also known locally as Hindustanis were 27% in 2004, down from 35% in 1964; their ancestors emigrated from northern British India in the latter part of the 19th century to do indention work.
- Creole are descendants from slaves from Africa and were 18% of the total population in 2004 (down from 35% in 1964, although in that census, mixed-race people were counted as Creoles). Their ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries.
- The Maroon are descendants from slaves from Africa that escaped to the interior of Suriname. The proportion of the Maroon has increased considerably during the past decades, from only 8% in 1964 to 15% in 2004 and even 22% in 2012. Part of this increase is probably caused by interchanging identities of Creole and Maroon, causing a decrease in the proportion of Creole and an increase in the proportion Maroon.
- The Javanese are Asians from formerly Dutch-ruled Indonesia. They are about one sixth of the population.
- The Chinese were less than 2% in 2004, but immigration of Chinese since 2004 may have increased this proportion considerably, possibly as high as 8%.
- White are less than 1% of the population.
Although there are official statistics available, the current population of Suriname may be different of these. According to local estimates there may be as mach as:
- 60,000 Brazilian (estimates varies between 20.000 and 80. 000) from Brazil. There are smaller numbers of South American nationalities, but are Spanish speakers included in the European category,
- 40,000 Chinese (with some estimates even higher) with quite small communities of Koreans, Japanese and Filipinos.
- 2,000 Arab/Middle-eastern (mostly Lebanese but also Syrian and Palestinians).
- 200 Jews who are identified in ethnoreligious terms.
Dutch (official), Sranan Tongo (Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles and much of the younger population), Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu), Javanese, English (widely spoken), French due to cultural influence from French Guiana, Portuguese and Spanish.
- Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision
- UN Demographic Yearbooks
- Census statistieken 2004
- Census statistieken 2012
- Romero, Simon (10 April 2011). "With Aid and Migrants, China Expands Its Presence in a South American Nation". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
- Romero, Simon (10). "With Aid and Migrants, China Expands Its Presence in a South American Nation". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 April 2011.