Demographics of Suriname

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Suriname, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Most Surinamese people live in the narrow, northern coastal plain. The population is one of the most ethnically varied in the world. Each ethnic group preserves its own culture and many institutions, including political parties, tend to follow ethnic lines. Informal relationships vary: the upper classes of all ethnic backgrounds mix freely; outside of the elite, social relations tend to remain within ethnic groupings. All groups may be found in the schools and workplace.

Population[edit]

Demographics of Suriname, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

According to the 2010 revison of the World Population Prospects the total population was 525,000 in 2010, compared to only 215,000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 28.6%, 65% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 6.5% was 65 years or older .[1]

Total population
(x 1000)
Proportion
aged 0–14
(%)
Proportion
aged 15–64
(%)
Proportion
aged 65+
(%)
1950 215 40.0 54.0 6.0
1955 250 43.2 52.0 4.8
1960 290 47.6 48.3 4.1
1965 332 48.2 47.8 4.0
1970 372 48.3 47.8 3.9
1975 364 47.6 48.5 3.9
1980 366 39.9 55.7 4.4
1985 376 35.8 59.8 4.5
1990 407 33.3 62.0 4.7
1995 436 32.2 62.6 5.2
2000 467 30.6 63.7 5.7
2005 500 29.8 64.1 6.1
2010 525 28.6 65.0 6.5

Total and Percent Distribution of Population by Age (Censuses 2004 & 2012)[edit]

[2]

Age group Population(2004) Percent(2004) Population(2012) Percent(2012)
Total 492.829 100 541.638 100
0-14 146.389 29,81 148.767 27.47
15-59 299.547 60,78 334.949 61,84
60+ 42.189 8,56 54.527 10,07

Vital statistics[edit]

The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates for Suriname. [1]

Period Live births
per year
Deaths
per year
Natural change
per year
CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR* Life expectancy
total
Life expectancy
males
Life expectancy
females
1950-1955 10 000 3 000 7 000 48.0 14.9 33.1 6.56 89 56.0 54.4 57.7
1955-1960 12 000 3 000 9 000 46.0 12.4 33.6 6.56 76 58.7 57.0 60.5
1960-1965 14 000 3 000 11 000 44.8 10.6 34.2 6.56 64 60.5 58.7 62.5
1965-1970 14 000 3 000 11 000 39.7 9.0 30.6 5.95 55 62.4 60.5 64.5
1970-1975 13 000 3 000 10 000 34.9 8.3 26.6 5.29 49 64.0 61.7 66.5
1975-1980 11 000 3 000 8 000 30.2 7.4 22.8 4.20 44 65.1 62.8 67.7
1980-1985 11 000 3 000 8 000 30.0 7.3 22.7 3.70 42 66.5 63.6 69.8
1985-1990 10 000 3 000 7 000 25.4 7.2 18.2 3.00 39 67.1 64.0 70.7
1990-1995 9 000 3 000 6 000 22.5 7.1 15.4 2.60 34 67.6 64.4 71.1
1995-2000 11 000 3 000 8 000 23.6 7.4 16.2 2.80 29 67.8 64.6 71.4
2000-2005 10 000 4 000 6 000 21.0 7.6 13.4 2.60 24 68.1 64.8 71.7
2005-2010 10 000 4 000 6 000 19.1 7.3 11.9 2.42 22 69.6 66.4 73.1
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Ethnic groups[edit]

Population of Surinam according to ethnic group[3]
Ethnic
group
Census 1921 Census 1950 Census 1964 Census 1972 Census 1980 Census 2004[4] Census 2012 [5]
Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  %
Amerindian 7,287 2.2 18,037 3.7
East Indian 112,633 34.7 135,117 27.4 148,443 27.4
Maroons 27,698 8.5 35,838 9.4 72,553 14.7 117,567 21.7
Creole 114,961 35.5 87,202 17.7 84,933 15.7
Javanese 35,949 20.2 48,463 14.9 57,688 15.2 62,000 17.5 71,879 14.6 73,975 13.7
Mixed 61,524 12.5 72,340 13.4
Chinese 5,339 1.6 8,775 1.8
White 4,322 1.3 2,264 0.5
Other 2,986 0.0 2,264 0.5 40,985 7.6
Unknown 522 0.0 32,579 6.6 3,395 0.6
Total 107,723 177,788 324,211 379,607 355,240 492,829 541,638
  • Amerindian, the original inhabitants of Suriname increased from 2% in 1964 to 4% in 2004.
  • East Indian, also known locally as Hindustanis were 27% in 2004, down from 35% in 1964; their ancestors emigrated from northern British India in the latter part of the 19th century to do indention work.
  • Creole are descendants from slaves from Africa and were 18% of the total population in 2004 (down from 35% in 1964, although in that census, mixed-race people were counted as Creoles). Their ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries.
  • The Maroon are descendants from slaves from Africa that escaped to the interior of Suriname. The proportion of the Maroon has increased considerably during the past decades, from only 8% in 1964 to 15% in 2004 and even 22% in 2012. Part of this increase is probably caused by interchanging identities of Creole and Maroon, causing a decrease in the proportion of Creole and an increase in the proportion Maroon.
  • The Javanese are Asians from formerly Dutch-ruled Indonesia. They are about one sixth of the population.
  • The Chinese were less than 2% in 2004, but immigration of Chinese since 2004 may have increased this proportion considerably, possibly as high as 8%.[6]
  • White are less than 1% of the population.

Although there are official statistics available, the current population of Suriname may be different of these. According to local estimates there may be as mach as:

Languages[edit]

Dutch (official), Sranan Tongo (Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles and much of the younger population), Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu), Javanese, English (widely spoken), French due to cultural influence from French Guiana, Portuguese and Spanish.

Religion[edit]

Christian 48.4%, Hindu 22.3%, Muslim 13.9%, other 15.5% (2012 census [1]).

References[edit]