Demographics of Tamil Nadu

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According to the 2001 census, the total population stood at 62,405,679, with 31,400,909 males, 31,004,770 females, a sex ratio of 987 females per 1000 males, literacy rate of 73.45%, 13.11% of the population below seven years and a population density of 479.83. [1]

Distribution of population across districts[edit]

The following table represents the total, male and female population of Tamil Nadu in each district:[2]

District Total Population Male Population Female Population
Ariyalur 695,524 346,763 348,761
Chennai 4,343,645 2,219,539 2,124,106
Coimbatore 4,271,856 2,176,031 2,095,825
Cuddalore 2,285,395 1,150,908 1,134,487
Dharmapuri 2,856,300 1,473,597 1,382,703
Dindigul 1,923,014 968,137 954,877
Erode 2,581,500 1,309,278 1,272,222
Kancheepuram 2,877,468 1,457,242 1,420,226
Kanniyakumari 1,676,034 832,269 843,765
Karur 935,686 465,538 470,148
Madurai 2,578,201 1,303,363 1,274,838
Nagapattinam 1,488,839 739,074 749,765
Namakkal 1,493,462 759,551 733,911
Perambalur 493,646 246,141 247,505
Pudukkottai 1,459,601 724,300 735,301
Ramanathapuram 1,187,604 583,376 604,228
Salem 3,016,346 1,563,633 1,452,713
Sivaganga 1,155,356 566,947 588,409
Thanjavur 2,216,138 1,096,638 1,119,500
The Nilgiris 762,141 378,351 383,790
Theni 1,093,950 552,986 540,964
Thiruvallur 2,754,756 1,397,407 1,357,349
Thiruvarur 1,169,474 580,784 588,690
Thoothukkudi 1,572,273 766,823 805,450
Tiruchirappalli 2,418,366 1,208,534 1,209,832
Tirunelveli 2,723,988 1,333,939 1,390,049
Tiruvannamalai 2,186,125 1,095,859 1,090,266
Vellore 3,477,317 1,741,083 1,736,234
Viluppuram 2,960,373 1,492,442 1,467,931
Virudhunagar 1,751,301 870,376 880,925
Total 62,405,679 31,400,909 31,004,770

Important facts[edit]

Growth rate[edit]

The officially recorded growth rate of Tamil Nadu at 2001 was 11.72%. The growth rate among females was 12.50% and the growth rate among males was 10.96%. [3]

Literacy[edit]

Tamil Nadu has performed reasonably well in terms of literacy growth during the decade 2001–2011. The state's literacy rate increased from 73.47% in 2001 to 80.3% in 2011.[4]

Sex ratio[edit]

The officially recorded sex ratio is 940 females per 1000 males, which is well above the national average.[5]in 2011

Religion Data[edit]

The following table shows the total number of people belonging to each religion in Tamil Nadu: [6]

Religion Population
Hinduism 54,985,079
Christianity 3,785,060
Islam 3,470,647
Jainism 83,359
Buddhism 5,393
Sikhism 9,545
Others 7,252
Religion not stated 59,344
Total more than 1 crore


Districts with significant percentage of Christians as per 2001 census
District Christian (%) Christian (numbers)
Tamil Nadu 6.02 3,785,060
Kanyakumari 44.74 745,406
Thoothukudi 16.70 262,718
The Nilgiris 11.45 87,272
Tirunelveli 10.88 296,578
Tiruchirappalli 9.01 218,033
Chennai 7.62 331,261
Dindigul 7.55 145,265
Ramanathapuram 7.08 84,092
Kanchipuram 5.92 170,416
Sivaganga 5.86 67,739
Thanjavur 5.63 124,945
Tiruvallur 5.56 169,719
Ariyalur 5.21 36,261
Pudukkottai 4.55 66,432
Coimbatore 4.34 185,737
Viluppuram 3.90 115,745
Virudhunagar 3.89 68,295
Madurai 3.34 86,352
Cuddalore 3.22 73,611
Teni 3.09 33,830
Nagapattinam 3.07 45,780
Vellore 2.94 102,477
Tiruvarur 2.70 31,621
Tiruvannamalai 2.52 55,180
Erode 2.14 55,414
Perambalur 1.70 8,412
Salem 1.67 50,450
Karur 1.48 13,863
Dharmapuri 1.36 39,019
Namakkal 0.80 13,137
Districts with significant percentage of Muslims as per 2001 census
District Muslim (%) Muslim (numbers)
Tamil Nadu 5.56 3,470,647
Ramanathapuram 14.65 174,079
Vellore 10.08 350,771
The Nilgiris 9.54 72,766
Tirunelveli 9.25 252,235
Chennai 9.02 379,206
Nagapattinam 7.57 112,753
Thanjavur 7.36 163,286
Thiruvarur 7.11 83,243
Pudukkottai 6.69 97,723
Tiruchirappalli 6.46 156,345
Coimbatore 5.33 227,734
Madurai 5.33 137,443
Sivaganga 5.16 59,642
Perambalur 5.01 24,778
Dindigul 4.66 89,680
Thoothukudi 4.63 72,975
Cuddalore 4.48 102,508
Theni 4.39 48,066
Dharmapuri 4.32 123,469
Kanyakumari 4.19 70,360
Karur 3.98 37,272
Kanchipuram 3.95 113,666
Viluppuram 3.71 110,120
Tiruvallur 3.60 99,408
Tiruvannamalai 3.59 78,506
Erode 2.99 77,211
Salem 2.57 77,648
Virudhunagar 2.47 43,309
Namakkal 1.80 26,907
Ariyalur 1.015 7,638

Workforce[edit]

According to the 2001 census, the total number of workers in Tamil Nadu amounts to 27,878,282 with the Work Participation rate being 44.67%. The total number of non-workers amounts to 34,527,397 or 55.33% of the population. [7]

See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ Primary Census Abstract Data of Tamil Nadu
    Note: The data displayed on the page will be according to the parameters selected for viewing.
  2. ^ Census 2001 at the Tamil Nadu government's official website
  3. ^ The official 2001 census website for Tamil Nadu
  4. ^ Literates and literacy rates by sex : 2011
  5. ^ Indian Census 2011
  6. ^ Religion data at census.tn.nic.in.
    Note: The data displayed on the page will be according to the parameters selected for viewing.
  7. ^ Primary Census Abstract Data of Tamil Nadu
    Note: The data displayed on the page will be according to the parameters selected for viewing.