Demographics of Togo

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The demographics of Togo include ethnicity, population density, age, education level, health, economic status and religious affiliation.

Language and ethnicity[edit]

Togo's population of 5.86 million people (2008 est.) is composed of about 21 ethnic groups, the two biggest being the Ewe in the South (about 21% of the population) and the Kabye in the North (12% of the population). Dagomba is the second most common language in the north, where other Gur languages such as Mossi and Gourma are also found.

The ethnic groups of the coastal region, particularly Ewe and Gen speakers (the two major African languages in the south), constitute the bulk of the civil servants, professionals, and merchants, due in part to the former colonial administrations which provided greater infrastructure development in the south. Most of the southern peoples use these two closely related languages, which are spoken in commercial sectors throughout Togo.

The Kabye live on marginal land and traditionally have emigrated south from their home area in the Kara region to seek employment. Their historical means of social advancement has been through the military and law enforcement forces, and they continue to dominate these services.

Other groups include the Akposso on the Central Plateau, the Bassar in the Centre-West, the Cotocoli, the Tchamba and the Komkombas around Sokodé, the Lambas in the Kandé region, the Hausa, the Tamberma, the Losso and the Ouachi.

White African settlers descended from the original French and German colonials make up less than 1% of the total population along with Togo's minute Lebanese community. The remaining 99% are indigenous: most people in this category hail from one of thirty-seven different tribes.

Population[edit]

Population distribution is very uneven due to soil and terrain variations. The population is generally concentrated in the south and along the major north-south highway connecting the coast to the Sahel. Age distribution is also uneven; nearly one-half of Togolese are less than fifteen years old.

French, the official language, is used in administration and documentation. The public primary schools combine French with Ewe or Kabye as languages of instruction, depending on the region. English is spoken in neighboring Ghana and is taught in Togolese secondary schools. As a result, many Togolese, especially in the south and along the Ghana border, speak some English.

Demographics of Togo, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.
Population census results [1]
Census date Population Average annual
growth (%)
Population
density/km2
Proportion
urban (%)
1-11-1958 1,444,481 . 25 9.4
1-3-1970 1,950,646 2.7 34 21.2
22-11-1981 2,719,567 2.9 48 25.2
6-11-2010 6,191,155 2.9 109 37.7

According to the 2010 revison of the World Population Prospects the total population was 6 028 000 in 2010, compared to only 1 395 000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 39.6%, 56.9% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 3.4% was 65 years or older .[2]

Total population (x 1000) Population aged 0–14 (%) Population aged 15–64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)
1950 1 395 41.3 54.4 4.3
1955 1 475 41.9 54.1 3.9
1960 1 578 42.6 53.8 3.6
1965 1 700 43.6 53.1 3.3
1970 2 097 44.8 52.1 3.1
1975 2 380 45.9 51.1 3.1
1980 2 667 46.6 50.3 3.1
1985 3 161 46.7 50.2 3.1
1990 3 666 46.0 50.9 3.1
1995 4 085 44.8 52.1 3.1
2000 4 794 43.2 53.6 3.1
2005 5 408 41.5 55.2 3.3
2010 6 028 39.6 56.9 3.4

Vital statistics[edit]

Registration of vital events is in Togo not complete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. [2]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR*
1950-1955 68 000 43 000 25 000 47.2 29.7 17.6 6.33 191
1955-1960 72 000 40 000 32 000 47.4 26.4 21.0 6.42 172
1960-1965 79 000 39 000 40 000 48.0 23.6 24.4 6.65 154
1965-1970 92 000 40 000 52 000 48.5 21.2 27.3 6.94 138
1970-1975 109 000 42 000 66 000 48.6 18.9 29.7 7.20 124
1975-1980 121 000 44 000 77 000 48.0 17.3 30.7 7.28 113
1980-1985 135 000 46 000 89 000 46.2 15.7 30.5 7.06 105
1985-1990 149 000 49 000 101 000 43.8 14.3 29.5 6.58 97
1990-1995 159 000 51 000 108 000 41.1 13.1 28.0 5.99 91
1995-2000 171 000 55 000 116 000 38.5 12.3 26.1 5.38 84
2000-2005 183 000 60 000 124 000 35.9 11.7 24.2 4.83 77
2005-2010 190 000 65 000 125 000 33.2 11.3 21.9 4.30 74
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Fertility and Births[edit]

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):[3] [4]


Year CBR (Total) TFR (Total) CBR (Urban) TFR (Urban) CBR (Rural) TFR (Rural)
1998 35,5 5,40 27,7 3,32 38,6 6,54
2013 32,9 4,8 32,2 3,7 33,2 5,7

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Sex ratio[edit]


at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth[edit]


total population: 54.69 years
male: 52.75 years
female: 56.7 years (2000 est.)

HIV Prevalence[edit]

Adult infection rate 4.2% (2003)

People living with HIV/Aids 110,000 (2003)

Death rate 10,000 (2003)

Religions[edit]

According to the CIA Factbook, approximately 29% of the population is Christian, 20% are Muslim, and 51% hold traditional beliefs.[5]

Literacy[edit]


definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 51.7%
male: 67%
female: 37% (1995 est.)

References[edit]