Demographics of Ukraine

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Demographics of Ukraine
Population of Ukraine.png
Population of Ukraine (in millions) from 1950-2012.
Population 45,426,249 Decrease (1 January 2014)
Growth rate -3.5 Increase people/1,000 population (2013)
Birth rate 11.1 Decrease births/1,000 population (2013)
Death rate 14.6 negative increase deaths/1,000 population (2013)
Life expectancy 71.37 years Increase (2013)
 • male 66.34 Increase years
 • female 76.22 Increase years
Fertility rate 1.51 Decrease children born/woman (2013)
Infant mortality rate 8.0 deaths/1,000 Decrease infants (2013)
Net migration rate 0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008)
Age structure
0–14 years Increase 14.8%
15–64 years Decrease 69.9%
65 and over Increase 15.3% (2014)
Sex ratio
At birth 1.06 male(s)/female
Under 15 1.06 male(s)/female
15–64 years 0.92 male(s)/female
65 and over 0.51 male(s)/female
Nationality
Nationality noun: Ukrainian(s) adjective: Ukrainian
Major ethnic Ukrainians (77.8%)
Minor ethnic Russians (17.3%)
Language
Official Ukrainian
Spoken Russian, Ukrainian, others

The demographics of Ukraine include statistics on population growth, population density, ethnicity, education level, health, economic status, religious affiliations, and other aspects of the population.

The data in this article are based on the most recent Ukrainian Census, which was carried out in 2001,[3] the CIA World Factbook, and the State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. The next census is scheduled to take place in 2016.[4]

Population[edit]

Population change, 1970 - 2010
Population change, 1970 - 1979
Population change, 1989 - 2001
Population change, 1989 - 2012
Population change of urban settlements, 1970 - 1989
Population change of urban settlements, 1989 - 2010

Decrease 45,426,249 (1 January 2014)[5]

Age structure[edit]

  • 0–14 years: 14.6% Increase = 6,620,598 Increase
  • 15–64 years: 70.2% Decrease = 31,846,776 Decrease
  • 65 years and over: 15.2% Steady = 6,905,318 Decrease

(2013 official.)

  • 0–14 years: 14.8% Increase = 6,710,689 Increase
  • 15–64 years: 69.9% Decrease = 31,606,374 Decrease
  • 65 years and over: 15.3% Increase = 6,928,831 Increase

(2014 official.)

Median age[edit]

  • total: 34.8 years Increase
  • male: 31.9 years Increase
  • female: 37.7 years Increase (1989 official.)
  • total: 39.7 years Increase
  • male: 39.5 years Increase
  • female: 40.1 years Steady (2013 official.)
  • total: 39.8 years Increase
  • male: 39.7 years Increase
  • female: 40.1 years Steady (2014 official.)

Historical data[edit]

Main article: Censuses in Ukraine

There were roughly 4 million Ukrainians at the end of the 17th century.[6] The historical information is taken out of Demoscope.ru. Please, note that territory of the modern Ukraine at the times listed above varied greatly. The western regions of Ukraine, west of Zbruch river, until 1939 for most of time were part of the Kingdom Galicia and later the Polish Republic. The detailed information for those territories is missing, for more information see Demographics of Poland. The Crimean peninsula was changing hands as well, in 1897 it was a part of the Taurida Governorate, but after the October Revolution became part of the Russian SFSR, and later was turned under the administration of the Ukrainian SSR.

The territory of Budjak (southern Bessarabia) became a part of the Ukrainian SSR in June 1940. The censuses of 1926 through 1989 were taken in the Ukrainian SSR. The census of 1897 is taken with the correspondence to nine gubernias that included in the territory of today's Ukraine. The statistics of 1905 records are taken from www.statoids.com which provides a broad degree of historical explanation on the situation in the Imperial Russia. The census statistics of 1931 was estimated by the professor Zenon Kuzela (1882–1952)[7] from Berlin. His calculations are as of January 1, 1931. This ethnograph is mentioned in the encyclopedia of Ukraine as one of the sources only available due to lack of the official census.[8][9]

The 2001 census was the first official census of the independent republic of Ukraine. Its data is given as on January 1. The 2003-2009 stats were taken from the official web-site of www.ukrstat.gov.ua and represent the data as of February of each year for the real population.

Vital statistics[edit]

Ukrainian provinces of the Russian Empire[edit]

The figures below refer to the nine governorates of the Russian Empire (Volhynia, Yekaterinoslav, Kiev, Podolia, Poltava, Taurida, Kharkov, Kherson and Chernigov) with a Ukrainian majority.[10]

Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000)
1900 24 969 1203 334 660 723 542 611 48.2 26.5 21.7
1901 25 505 1123 519 657 883 465 636 44.1 25.8 18.3
1902 25 935 1207 512 681 580 525 932 46.6 26.3 20.3
1903 26 449 1188 404 663 067 525 337 44.9 25.1 19.9
1904 26 961 1228 116 682 068 546 048 45.6 25.3 20.3
1905 28 210 1160 308 779 107 381 201 41.1 27.6 13.5
1906 27 949 1225 951 724 045 501 906 43.9 25.9 18.0
1907 28 418 1279 027 701 451 577 576 45.0 24.7 20.3
1908 29 069 1232 862 692 624 540 238 42.4 23.8 18.6
1909 29 700 1226 155 744 818 481 337 41.3 25.1 16.2
1910 30 297 1225 658 839 491 386 167 40.5 27.7 12.7
1911 30 858 1240 985 670 742 570 243 40.2 21.7 18.5
1912 30 580 1245 358 654 157 591 201 40.7 21.4 19.3
1913 31 142 1222 277 715 924 506 353 39.2 23.0 16.3
1914 30 973 1240 114 716 875 523 239 40.0 23.1 16.9

Between WW I and WW II (a)[edit]

Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Fertility rates
1924 27,400 1,150,577 484,880 665,697 41.8 17.6 24.2
1925 28,000 1,185,028 531,819 653,209 42.7 19.2 23.5
1926 28,700 1,207,907 518,656 689,251 42.1 18.1 24.0 5.39
1940 (b) 40,649 1,100,000 27,3 3.80

(a) Information is given for Ukraine`s territory within its old boundaries up to September 17, 1939 (b) Information is given for Ukraine`s territory within its present-day boundaries, after the annexation of ethnic Ukrainian Polish territories on September 17, 1939

After WW II [11][12][edit]

The natural population growth of Ukraine since 1950.[13][14][15]
  Birth rate
  Death rate
  Natural growth rate
Average popu-
lation (x 1000)
Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Fertility rates Urban Fertility Rural Fertility Abortions, reported
1946 753 493
1947 712 994
1948 757 783
1949 911 641
1950 36 905 844 585 315 300 529 300 22.9 8.5 14.3 2.81
1951 37 569 858 052 327 500 530 600 22.8 8.7 14.1
1952 38 141 846 434 325 700 520 700 22.2 8.5 13.7
1953 38 678 795 652 326 800 468 900 20.6 8.4 12.1
1954 39 131 845 128 318 500 526 600 21.6 8.1 13.5
1955 39 506 792 696 296 200 496 500 20.1 7.5 12.6 2.70
1956 40 082 822 569 293 000 529 600 20.5 7.3 13.2
1957 40 800 847 781 304 800 543 000 20.8 7.5 13.3
1958 41 512 873 483 286 700 586 800 21.0 6.9 14.1 2.30
1959 42 155 880 552 316 800 563 800 20.9 7.5 13.4 2.29
1960 42 469 878 768 296 171 582 597 20.7 7.0 13.7 2.24
1961 43 097 843 482 304 346 539 136 19.6 7.1 12.5 2.17
1962 43 559 823 151 331 454 491 697 18.9 7.6 11.3 2.14
1963 44 088 794 969 323 556 471 413 17.9 7.3 10.6 2.06
1964 44 664 741 668 315 340 426 328 16.5 7.0 9.5 1.96
1965 45 133 692 153 342 717 349 436 15.3 7.6 7.7 1.99
1966 45 548 713 492 344 850 368 642 15.6 7.5 8.1 2.02
1967 45 997 699 381 368 573 330 808 15.1 8.0 7.2 2.01
1968 46 408 693 064 374 440 318 624 14.9 8.0 6.8 1.99
1969 46 778 687 991 404 151 283 840 14.7 8.6 6.0 2.04
1970 47 127 719 213 418 679 300 534 15.2 8.9 6.4 2.10 1,130,315
1971 47 507 736 691 424 717 311 974 15.4 8.9 6.5 2.12
1972 47 903 745 696 443 038 302 658 15.5 9.2 6.3 2.08
1973 48 274 719 560 449 351 270 209 14.9 9.3 5.6 2.04
1974 48 571 736 616 455 970 280 646 15.1 9.4 5.8 2.04
1975 48 881 738 857 489 550 249 307 15.1 10.0 5.1 2.02 1,110,223
1976 49 151 747 069 500 584 246 485 15.2 10.2 5.0 1.99
1977 49 388 726 217 517 967 208 250 14.7 10.5 4.2 1.94
1978 49 578 732 187 529 681 202 506 14.7 10.7 4.1 1.96
1979 49 755 735 188 552 019 183 169 14.7 11.1 3.7 1.96
1980 50 044 742 489 568 243 174 246 14.8 11.4 3.5 1.95 1,197,000
1981 50 222 733 183 568 789 164 394 14.6 11.3 3.3 1.93 1,112,734
1982 50 388 745 591 568 231 177 360 14.8 11.3 3.5 1.94 1,131,437
1983 50 573 807 111 583 496 223 615 16.0 11.6 4.4 2.11 1,125,686
1984 50 768 792 035 610 338 181 697 15.6 12.0 3.6 2.08 1,127,627
1985 50 941 762 775 617 548 145 227 15.0 12.1 2.9 2.02 1,179,000
1986 51 143 792 574 565 150 227 424 15.5 11.1 4.4 2.13 1,166,039
1987 51 373 760 851 586 387 174 464 14.8 11.4 3.4 2.07 1,168,136
1988 51 593 744 056 600 725 143 331 14.4 11.6 2.8 2.04 1,080,029
1989 51 770 690 981 600 590 90 391 13.3 11.6 1.7 1.923 1.78 2.33 1,058,414
1990 51 838 657 202 629 602 27 600 12.7 12.1 0.6 1.844 1.69 2.27 1,019,038
1991 51 944 630 813 669 960 -39 147 12.1 12.9 -0.8 1.773 1.61 2.33 957 022
1992 52 056 596 785 697 110 -100 325 11.4 13.4 -2.0 1.674 1.48 2.19 932 272
1993 52 244 557 467 741 662 -184 195 10.7 14.2 -3.5 1.563 1.37 2.07 860 996
1994 52 114 521 545 764 669 -243 124 10.0 14.7 -4.7 1.470 1.28 1.97 798 538
1995 51 728 492 861 792 587 -299 726 9.6 15.4 -5.8 1.397 1.22 1.86 740 172
1996 51 297 467 211 776 717 -309 506 9.2 15.2 -6.1 1.332 1.16 1.77 687 035
1997 50 818 442 581 754 151 -311 570 8.7 14.9 -6.2 1.270 1.11 1.68 596 740
1998 50 370 419 238 719 954 -300 716 8.4 14.4 -6.0 1.207 1.04 1.62 525 329
1999 49 918 389 208 739 170 -349 962 7.8 14.9 -7.0 1.121 0.97 1.51 495 760
2000 49 429 385 126 758 082 -372 956 7.8 15.4 -7.6 1.110 0.96 1.49 434 223
2001 48 923 376 479 745 953 -369 474 7.7 15.3 -7.6 1.085 0.96 1.41 369 750
2002 48 457 390 687 754 911 -364 224 8.1 15.7 -7.6 1.126 1.03 1.47 345 967
2003 48 003 408 591 765 408 -356 817 8.5 16.0 -7.5 1.172 1.09 1.48 315 835
2004 47 622 427 259 761 263 -334 004 9.0 16.0 -7.0 1.218 1.12 1.53 289 065
2005 47 280 426 085 781 964 -355 879 9.0 16.6 -7.6 1.213 1.16 1.48 263 950
2006 46 929 460 368 758 093 -297 725 9.8 16.2 -6.4 1.310 1.21 1.61 229 618
2007 46 646 472 657 762 877 -290 220 10.2 16.4 -6.2 1.345 1.28 1.69 210 454
2008 46 372 510 588 754 462 -243 874 11.0 16.3 -5.3 1.458 1.31 1.72 201 087
2009 46 143 512 526 706 740 -194 214 11.1 15.3 -4.2 1.460 1.33 1.77 194 845
2010 45 962 497 689 698 235 -200 546 10.8 15.2 -4.4 1.445 1.31 1.78 176 774
2011 45 778 502 595 664 588 -161 993 11.0 14.5 -3.5 1.459 1.32 1.80 156 193
2012 45 633 520 704 663 139 -142 435 11.4 14.5 -3.1 1.531 1.39 1.87 141 396
2013 45 553 503 656 662 368 -158 712 11.1 14.6 -3.5 1.506 1.37 1.83
2014 43 001 465 893 632 667 -166 774 10.8 14.7 -3.9

(e) estimate

Urban live births Urban deaths Urban natural change Urban rude birth rate (per 1,000) Urban rude death rate (per 1,000) Urban natural change (per 1,000) Rural live births Rural deaths Rural natural change Rural crude birth rate (per 1,000) Rural crude death rate (per 1,000) Rural natural change (per 1,000)
1990 442,869 357,114 85,755 12.7 10.2 2.5 214,333 272,488 -58,155 12.7 16.1 -3.4
1991 419,205 380,988 38,917 11.9 10.8 1.1 211,608 288,972 -77,364 12.6 17.2 -4.6
1992 387,696 401,849 -14,153 11.0 11.4 -0.4 209,089 295,261 -86,172 12.5 17.6 -5.1
1993 356,833 432,462 -75,629 10.1 12.2 -2.1 200,634 309,200 -108,566 12.0 18.5 -6.5
1994 328,522 450,823 -122,301 9.3 12.8 -3.5 193,023 313,846 -120,823 11.6 18.8 -7.2
1995 308,408 476,434 -168,026 8.8 13.6 -4.8 184,453 316,153 -131,700 11.1 19.1 -8.0
1996 291,121 460,805 -169,684 8.4 13.3 -4.9 176,090 315,912 -139,822 10.7 19.2 -8.5
1997 274,961 444,446 -169,485 8.0 13.0 -5.0 167,620 309,705 -142,805 10.2 18.9 -8.7
1998 258,724 425,521 -166,797 7.6 12.6 -5.0 160,514 294,433 -133,919 9.9 18.1 -8.2
1999 239,408 439,986 -200,578 7.1 13.1 -6.0 149,800 299,184 -149,384 9.3 18.5 -9.2
2000 238,014 457,069 -219,055 7.2 13.8 -6.6 147,112 301,013 -153,901 9.2 18.8 -9.6
2001 237,228 450,329 -213,101 7.2 13.8 -6.6 139,250 295,623 -156,373 8.7 18.6 -9.9
2002 248,877 454,406 -205,529 7.7 14.0 -6.3 141,811 300,505 -158,694 9.0 19.1 -10.1
2003 266,415 459,965 -193,550 8.3 14.3 -6.0 142,174 305,443 -163,269 9.1 19.6 -10.5
2004 284,361 460,492 -176,131 8.9 14.4 -5.5 142,898 300,769 -157,871 9.3 19.6 -10.3
2005 284,257 471,561 -187,304 8.9 14.8 -5.9 141,829 310,400 -168,571 9.4 20.5 -11.1
2006 306,635 461,774 -155,139 9.6 14.5 -4.9 153,733 296,318 -142,585 10.3 19.8 -9.5
2007 314,065 466,253 -152,188 9.9 14.7 -4.8 158,592 296,624 -138,032 10.7 20.1 -9.4
2008 340,594 462,897 -122,303 10.8 14.6 -3.8 169,995 291,563 -121,568 11.6 19.9 -8.3
2009 339,497 432,294 -92,797 10.8 13.7 -2.9 173,028 274,445 -101,417 11.9 18.9 -7.0
2010 326,587 431,130 -104,543 10.4 13.7 -3.3 171,102 267,105 -96,003 11.9 18.6 -6.7
2011 328,934 411,025 -82,091 10.5 13.1 -2.3 173,661 253,563 -79,902 12.1 17.7 -5.6
2012 341,599 411,787 -70,788 10.9 13.1 -2.2 179,106 251,352 -72,246 12.6 17.7 -5.1
2013 330,284 412,552 -82,268 10.5 13.1 -2.6 173,372 249,816 -76,444 12.3 17.7 -5.4

Note: Data excludes Crimea starting in 2014.

Demographic statistics[edit]

COB data Ukraine.PNG

Current vital statistics[edit]

Note: The 2014 statistics, as well as all comparisons between 2014 and 2013, now include Crimea as part of Russia.

The number of births during the months of January-February 2015 decreased by 9907 over the same period in 2014. The birth rate for January-February 2015 was 9,7 per 1,000 population, an decrease over 11,1 during January-February 2014.

-Number of births from January-February 2014 = Decrease 77,380

-Number of births from January-February 2015 = Decrease 67,473

The number of deaths during the same period has decreased from 7807. The mortality rate for January-February 2015 was 15,2 deaths per 1,000 inhabitants of rate of 16,3 during the period of January-February 2014.

-Number of deaths from January-February 2014 = Increase 113,522

-Number of deaths from January-February 2015 = Decrease 105,715

During the period of January 2015 the natural increase over the last three years were respectively -5,5 per 1000 and -5,2 in 2014.

Natural increase from January-February 2014 = Increase - 36,142

Natural increase from January-February 2015 = Increase - 38,242[16]

Birth data by oblast[edit]

Note: Recent data for Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts has been affected by the War in Donbass, and may only include births within the government-held parts of the oblasts.

Number of birth by oblast for January-February Birth/2015 Birth/2014 Birth/2013 Birth/2012 Death/2015 Death/2014 Death/2013 Death/2012
 Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 5516 Decrease 5831 Decrease 5890 Increase 6067 Increase 9523 Increase 9015 Increase 8694 Decrease 9040 Increase
Kiev Kyiv City 5405 Increase 5403 Increase 5143 Decrease 5280 Increase 5402 Increase 5046 Increase 4781 Increase 4752 Increase
 Odessa Oblast 4554 Decrease 4683 Increase 4664 Decrease 4928 Increase 6317 Increase 6289 Increase 5819 Decrease 6090 Increase
 Lviv Oblast 4389 Decrease 4854 Increase 4593 Decrease 4767 Increase 5993 Increase 5667 Increase 5519 Decrease 5585 Increase
 Kharkiv Oblast 4085 Decrease 4411 Increase 4206 Decrease 4288 Increase 7663 Increase 7063 Increase 6897 Decrease 7156 Increase
 Kiev Oblast 3219 Decrease 3330 Decrease 3369 Increase 3463 Increase 5013 Increase 4719 Increase 4696 Decrease 4855 Increase
 Donetsk Oblast 2998 Decrease 6711 Increase 6664 Decrease 6956 Increase 6755 Decrease 13048 Increase 11966 Decrease 12915 Increase
 Zakarpattia Oblast 2853 Decrease 3013 Increase 2957 Decrease 3116 Increase 2988 Increase 2533 Decrease 2649 Increase 2640 Decrease
 Zaporizhia Oblast 2806 Decrease 3021 Decrease 3023 Increase 2970 Increase 5011 Increase 4767 Increase 4475 Increase 4771 Increase
 Vinnytsia Oblast 2743 Decrease 2921 Increase 2840 Increase 3107 Increase 4586 Increase 4573 Increase 4527 Increase 4445 Increase
 Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 2570 Decrease 2746 Increase 2733 Increase 2739 Increase 3160 Decrease 3195 Increase 3061 Increase 2986 Decrease
 Rivne Oblast 2541 Decrease 2785 Increase 2724 Decrease 2992 Increase 2529 Decrease 2562 Increase 2376 Decrease 2529 Decrease
 Khmelnytskyi Oblast 2309 Increase 2302 Decrease 2385 Decrease 2444 Increase 3739 Increase 3552 Increase 3491 Decrease 3577 Increase
 Zhytomyr Oblast 2250 Decrease 2512 Increase 2493 Increase 2457 Increase 3713 Decrease 3720 Increase 3619 Decrease 3766 Increase
 Volyn Oblast 2157 Decrease 2427 Increase 2334 Decrease 2568 Increase 2448 Increase 2384 Increase 2346 Decrease 2375 Decrease
 Poltava Oblast 2125 Decrease 2274 Increase 2256 Increase 2372 Increase 4204 Decrease 4363 Increase 4204 Decrease 4297 Increase
 Mykolaiv Oblast 1883 Decrease 2190 Increase 2103 Decrease 2236 Increase 3278 Increase 3272 Increase 3081 Decrease 3208 Increase
 Cherkasy Oblast 1942 Decrease 2000 Increase 1919 Decrease 2071 Increase 3680 Increase 3580 Decrease 3615 Decrease 3637 Increase
 Ternopil Oblast 1822 Decrease 1834 Decrease 1858 Decrease 1985 Increase 2610 Decrease 2671 Increase 2535 Decrease 2620 Decrease
 Kherson Oblast 1891 Decrease 1959 Increase 1924 Decrease 2009 Increase 2910 Decrease 2921 Increase 2806 Decrease 2869 Decrease
 Chernivtsi Oblast 1779 Increase 1769 Increase 1710 Decrease 1918 Increase 2131 Increase 2074 Increase 1979 Decrease 2089 Increase
 Kirovohrad Oblast 1650 Decrease 1815 Increase 1755 Decrease 1839 Increase 2932 Decrease 2948 Increase 2864 Decrease 3103 Increase
 Sumy Oblast 1581 Decrease 1608 Decrease 1720 Increase 1852 Increase 3269 Decrease 3409 Increase 3319 Increase 3317 Increase
 Chernihiv Oblast 1475 Decrease 1561 Decrease 1668 Increase 1631 Increase 3548 Decrease 3567 Increase 3462 Decrease 3596 Increase
 Luhansk Oblast 930 Decrease 3420 Increase 3223 Decrease 3494 Increase 2313 Decrease 6584 Increase 6189 Decrease 6710 Increase
Birth Rate by Oblast for January-February Birth/2015 Birth/2014 Birth/2013 Birth/2012 Death/2015 Death/2014 Death/2013 Death/2012
 Zakarpattia Oblast 14,0 Decrease 14,8 Increase 14,6 Increase 15,2 Increase 14,7 Increase 12,4 Decrease 13,1 Increase 12,9 Decrease
 Rivne Oblast 13,6 Decrease 14,9 Increase 14,6 Decrease 15,8 Increase 13,5 Decrease 13,7 Increase 12,7 Decrease 13,4 Decrease
 Volyn Oblast 12,8 Decrease 14,4 Increase 13,9 Decrease 15,1 Increase 14,5 Increase 14,2 Increase 14,0 Steady 14,0 Decrease
 Chernivtsi Oblast 12,1 Increase 12,0 Increase 11,7 Decrease 12,9 Increase 14,5 Increase 14,1 Increase 13,5 Decrease 14,1 Increase
 Odessa Oblast 11,7 Decrease 12,1 Increase 12,0 Decrease 12,6 Increase 16,3 Increase 16,2 Increase 15,0 Decrease 15,6 Decrease
Kiev Kyiv City 11,6 Decrease 11,7 Increase 11,2 Increase 11,4 Increase 11,6 Increase 10,9 Increase 10,4 Increase 10,3 Increase
 Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 11,5 Decrease 12,3 Increase 12,2 Increase 12,1 Increase 14,1 Decrease 14,3 Increase 13,7 Increase 13,2 Decrease
 Kiev Oblast 11,5 Decrease 11,9 Decrease 12,1 Decrease 12,3 Increase 17,9 Increase 16,9 Steady 16,9 Decrease 17,2 Increase
 Zhytomyr Oblast 11,1 Decrease 12,3 Increase 12,2 Increase 11,8 Increase 18,3 Increase 18,2 Increase 17,7 Decrease 18,1 Increase
 Kherson Oblast 11,0 Decrease 11,3 Increase 11,0 Decrease 11,3 Increase 16,9 Steady 16,9 Increase 16,1 Decrease 16,2 Increase
 Khmelnytskyi Oblast 11,0 Increase 10,9 Decrease 11,2 Decrease 11,3 Increase 17,8 Increase 16,8 Increase 16,4 Decrease 16,5 Increase
 Lviv Oblast 10,7 Decrease 11,8 Increase 11,2 Decrease 11,4 Increase 14,6 Increase 13,8 Increase 13,5 Increase 13,4 Decrease
 Vinnytsia Oblast 10,5 Decrease 11,2 Increase 10,8 Decrease 11,6 Increase 17,6 Increase 17,5 Increase 17,2 Increase 16,6 Steady
 Ternopil Oblast 10,5 Decrease 10,6 Decrease 10,7 Increase 11,2 Increase 15,1 Decrease 15,4 Increase 14,6 Decrease 14,8 Decrease
 Kirovohrad Oblast 10,4 Decrease 11,4 Increase 10,9 Decrease 11,2 Increase 18,5 Steady 18,5 Increase 17,8 Decrease 18,9 Increase
 Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 10,4 Decrease 11,0 Steady 11,0 Decrease 11,1 Increase 18,0 Increase 17,0 Increase 16,2 Decrease 16,6 Decrease
 Mykolaiv Oblast 10,0 Decrease 11,6 Increase 11,1 Decrease 11,6 Increase 17,4 Increase 17,3 Increase 16,3 Decrease 16,6 Increase
 Zaporizhia Oblast 9,8 Decrease 10,5 Steady 10,5 Increase 10,1 Increase 17,6 Increase 16,6 Increase 15,5 Decrease 16,2 Steady
 Cherkasy Oblast 9,6 Decrease 9,8 Increase 9,3 Decrease 9,9 Increase 18,2 Increase 17,6 Steady 17,6 Increase 17,4 Increase
 Kharkiv Oblast 9,3 Decrease 10,0 Increase 9,5 Steady 9,5 Increase 17,4 Increase 16,0 Increase 15,6 Decrease 15,9 Increase
 Poltava Oblast 9,1 Decrease 9,7 Increase 9,5 Decrease 9,8 Increase 18,0 Decrease 18,5 Increase 17,7 Decrease 17,8 Increase
 Chernihiv Oblast 8,7 Decrease 9,1 Decrease 9,6 Increase 9,2 Increase 20,8 Increase 20,7 Increase 19,9 Decrease 20,2 Increase
 Sumy Oblast 8,7 Decrease 8,8 Decrease 9,3 Decrease 9,8 Increase 18,0 Decrease 18,6 Increase 18,0 Increase 17,6 Increase
 Donetsk Oblast 4,3 Decrease 9,6 Increase 9,4 Increase 9,6 Increase 9,7 Decrease 18,6 Increase 16,9 Decrease 17,9 Increase
 Luhansk Oblast 2,6 Decrease 9,5 Increase 8,9 Decrease 9,4 Increase 6,5 Decrease 18,2 Increase 17,0 Decrease 18,0 Increase
Number of birth by oblast Birth/2014 Birth/2013 Birth/2012 Birth/2011 Death/2014 Death/2013 Death/2012 Death/2011
 Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 36497 Increase 36134 Decrease 37087 Increase 36116 Increase 52722 Increase 51134 Decrease 51486 Decrease 52106 Decrease
 Donetsk Oblast 35595 Decrease 41034 Decrease 42839 Increase 41720 Increase 71799 Increase 69345 Decrease 70496 Decrease 71042 Decrease
Kiev Kyiv City 34821 Increase 33305 Decrease 33887 Increase 32068 Decrease 29992 Increase 28003 Increase 27840 Increase 27050 Decrease
 Lviv Oblast 30270 Increase 29542 Decrease 30220 Increase 28904 Increase 32450 Increase 31666 Decrease 31667 Increase 31162 Decrease
 Odessa Oblast 29465 Increase 29075 Decrease 30384 Increase 29225 Increase 34155 Increase 33523 Decrease 33648 Decrease 33688 Decrease
 Kharkiv Oblast 27690 Increase 26700 Decrease 27244 Increase 26317 Increase 41891 Increase 39465 Decrease 40130 Increase 40079 Decrease
 Kiev Oblast 20900 Increase 20511 Decrease 20966 Increase 20083 Increase 28264 Increase 27198 Increase 27161 Increase 26847 Decrease
 Zaporizhia Oblast 18713 Increase 18134 Decrease 18882 Increase 18198 Increase 27773 Increase 26498 Increase 26406 Decrease 27033 Decrease
 Zakarpattia Oblast 18377 Decrease 18490 Decrease 18968 Increase 18460 Increase 14808 Increase 14801 Decrease 14813 Increase 14588 Decrease
 Vinnytsia Oblast 17547 Increase 17437 Decrease 18339 Increase 17894 Increase 25567 Increase 25453 Increase 25158 Decrease 25376 Decrease
 Rivne Oblast 17169 Decrease 17445 Decrease 18316 Increase 17697 Increase 14714 Increase 14556 Increase 14302 Increase 14168 Decrease
 Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 16886 Increase 16716 Decrease 17101 Increase 16497 Increase 17670 Increase 17358 Increase 16801 Increase 16657 Decrease
 Zhytomyr Oblast 15115 Increase 15001 Decrease 15486 Increase 15154 Increase 21185 Increase 20859 Increase 20685 Increase 20417 Decrease
 Volyn Oblast 14668 Decrease 14700 Decrease 15346 Increase 14620 Decrease 13748 Increase 13666 Decrease 13710 Decrease 13842 Decrease
 Khmelnytskyi Oblast 14631 Increase 14548 Decrease 14881 Increase 14492 Increase 20408 Decrease 20581 Increase 20362 Increase 20116 Decrease
 Poltava Oblast 14504 Increase 14296 Decrease 14635 Increase 14167 Decrease 24784 Increase 24358 Increase 24223 Decrease 24384 Decrease
 Mykolaiv Oblast 13076 Increase 13043 Decrease 13515 Increase 13029 Increase 17750 Increase 17353 Increase 17277 Decrease 17441 Decrease
 Cherkasy Oblast 12351 Increase 12100 Decrease 12798 Increase 12473 Increase 20800 Increase 20477 Decrease 20667 Decrease 20848 Decrease
 Kherson Oblast 12308 Increase 12300 Decrease 12643 Increase 12085 Decrease 16141 Increase 16048 Increase 15904 Increase 15828 Decrease
 Ternopil Oblast 11717 Decrease 11807 Decrease 12202 Increase 11964 Increase 15180 Increase 14682 Decrease 14838 Increase 14829 Decrease
 Chernivtsi Oblast 11679 Increase 11465 Decrease 11592 Increase 11281 Increase 11619 Increase 11520 Increase 11321 Decrease 11192 Decrease
 Luhansk Oblast 11442 Decrease 20531 Decrease 21743 Increase 21320 Increase 22755 Decrease 35822 Decrease 36316 Decrease 37256 Decrease
 Kirovohrad Oblast 10576 Increase 10562 Decrease 11029 Increase 10578 Increase 16716 Increase 16513 Decrease 16521 Decrease 16697 Decrease
 Sumy Oblast 10344 Decrease 10411 Decrease 11093 Increase 10473 Increase 19452 Increase 19219 Increase 19002 Increase 18833 Decrease
 Chernihiv Oblast 9552 Decrease 9852 Decrease 10222 Increase 10134 Increase 20324 Increase 19909 Decrease 20208 Increase 20179 Decrease
Birth Rate by Oblast Birth/2014 Birth/2013 Birth/2012 Birth/2011 Death/2014 Death/2013 Death/2012 Death/2011
 Rivne Oblast 14,8 Decrease 15,1 Decrease 15,9 Increase 15,3 Increase 12,7 Increase 12,6 Increase 12,4 Increase 12,3 Decrease
 Zakarpattia Oblast 14,6 Decrease 14,7 Decrease 15,1 Increase 14,8 Increase 11,8 Steady 11,8 Steady 11,8 Increase 11,7 Decrease
 Volyn Oblast 14,1 Steady 14,1 Decrease 14,8 Increase 14,1 Decrease 13,2 Increase 13,1 Decrease 13,2 Decrease 13,3 Decrease
 Chernivtsi Oblast 12,9 Increase 12,6 Decrease 12,8 Increase 12,5 Increase 12,8 Increase 12,7 Increase 12,5 Increase 12,4 Decrease
 Odessa Oblast 12,3 Increase 12,1 Decrease 12,7 Increase 12,2 Increase 14,3 Increase 14,0 Decrease 14,1 Steady 14,1 Decrease
 Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 12,2 Increase 12,1 Decrease 12,4 Increase 12,0 Increase 12,8 Increase 12,6 Increase 12,2 Increase 12,1 Decrease
 Kiev Oblast 12,1 Increase 11,9 Decrease 12,2 Increase 11,7 Increase 16,4 Decrease 15,8 Steady 15,8 Increase 15,6 Decrease
Kiev Kyiv City 12,1 Increase 11,7 Decrease 12,0 Increase 11,4 Decrease 10,4 Increase 9,8 Steady 9,8 Increase 9,6 Decrease
 Zhytomyr Oblast 12,0 Increase 11,9 Decrease 12,2 Increase 11,9 Increase 16,8 Increase 16,5 Increase 16,3 Increase 16,0 Decrease
 Lviv Oblast 11,9 Increase 11,6 Decrease 11,9 Increase 11,4 Increase 12,8 Increase 12,4 Decrease 12,5 Increase 12,3 Decrease
 Kherson Oblast 11,5 Increase 11,4 Decrease 11,7 Increase 11,1 Decrease 15,1 Increase 14,9 Increase 14,7 Increase 14,6 Decrease
 Mykolaiv Oblast 11,2 Increase 11,1 Decrease 11,5 Increase 11,0 Increase 15,2 Increase 14,8 Increase 14,7 Decrease 14,8 Decrease
 Khmelnytskyi Oblast 11,2 Increase 11,1 Decrease 11,3 Increase 11,0 Increase 15,6 Decrease 15,7 Increase 15,5 Increase 15,2 Decrease
 Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 11,1 Increase 11,0 Decrease 11,2 Increase 10,9 Increase 16,0 Increase 15,5 Steady 15,5 Decrease 15,7 Decrease
 Vinnytsia Oblast 10,9 Increase 10,8 Decrease 11,2 Increase 10,9 Increase 15,9 Increase 15,7 Increase 15,4 Decrease 15,5 Decrease
 Ternopil Oblast 10,9 Decrease 11,0 Decrease 11,3 Increase 11,1 Increase 14,2 Increase 13,7 Decrease 13,8 Increase 13,7 Decrease
 Kirovohrad Oblast 10,8 Increase 10,7 Decrease 11,0 Increase 10,5 Increase 17,0 Increase 16,7 Increase 16,5 Decrease 16,6 Decrease
 Zaporizhia Oblast 10,6 Increase 10,2 Decrease 10,6 Increase 10,1 Increase 15,7 Increase 14,9 Increase 14,8 Decrease 15,0 Decrease
 Kharkiv Oblast 10,1 Increase 9,8 Decrease 9,9 Increase 9,6 Increase 15,3 Increase 14,4 Decrease 14,6 Steady 14,6 Decrease
 Poltava Oblast 10,0 Increase 9,8 Decrease 9,9 Increase 9,5 Steady 17,1 Increase 16,7 Increase 16,5 Increase 16,4 Decrease
 Cherkasy Oblast 9,8 Increase 9,6 Decrease 10,1 Increase 9,8 Increase 16,5 Increase 16,2 Steady 16,2 Decrease 16,3 Decrease
 Sumy Oblast 9,2 Steady 9,2 Decrease 9,7 Increase 9,1 Increase 17,2 Increase 16,9 Increase 16,6 Increase 16,3 Decrease
 Chernihiv Oblast 9,0 Decrease 9,2 Decrease 9,4 Increase 9,3 Increase 19,2 Increase 18,6 Decrease 18,7 Increase 18,5 Decrease
 Donetsk Oblast 8,2 Decrease 9,4 Decrease 9,8 Increase 9,5 Increase 16,6 Increase 15,9 Decrease 16,1 Steady 16,1 Decrease
 Luhansk Oblast 5,1 Decrease 9,1 Decrease 9,6 Increase 9,3 Increase 10,2 Decrease 15,9 Decrease 16,0 Decrease 16,3 Decrease

Year in review 2013[edit]

Compared to 2012, amount of attrition increased by 16,278 persons, or 3.1 to 3.5 persons per 1000 inhabitants real. Natural decrease was observed in 23 oblasts of the country, while natural increases were recorded only in the capital Kiev, Zakarpattya, Rivne and Volyn oblast (respectively 5302, 3689, 2889 and 1034 people).

Some regions registered a low natural decline, such as Chernivtsi, Ivano-Frankivsk, Sevastopol, Lviv, Ternopil, Crimea, Kherson and Odessa (respectively, -55, -642, -863, -2124, -2875, -2974, -3748 and -4448 people). The largest declines were recorded in Donetsk, Luhansk, Dnipropetrovsk, Kharkiv, Poltava and Chernihiv (respectively -28311, -15291, -15007, -12765, -10062 and -10057), regions which have in common a low birth rate and high mortality of a large urban population and a strong rural population aging.

Net migration rate[edit]

0.3 migrant(s)/1,002 population (2008)[17]

Infant mortality rate[edit]

  • 9.1 Decrease deaths/1,000 infants live births for 4564 death. (2010)
  • 9.0 Decrease deaths/1,000 infants live births for 4511 death. (2011)
  • 8.4 Decrease deaths/1,000 infants live births for 4371 deaths. (2012)
  • 8.0 Decrease deaths/1,000 infants live births for 4030 deaths. (2013)
  • 8.9 Increase deaths/1,000 infants live births for 2193 death for January–June 2011
  • 8.6 Decrease deaths/1,000 infants live births for 2190 death for January–June 2012
  • 7.8 Decrease deaths/1,000 infants live births for 1993 deaths for January–June 2013[18]
Infant mortality by oblast Death/2012 Death/2011 Death/2010 Death/2009
 Donetsk Oblast 540 Increase 473 Decrease 497 Decrease 533 Steady
 Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 370 Increase 343 Decrease 347 Increase 329 Decrease
 Odessa Oblast 267 Decrease 268 Increase 263 Decrease 280 Decrease
Kiev Kyiv City 262 Increase 255 Increase 233 Decrease 244 Decrease
 Lviv Oblast 233 Decrease 272 Increase 266 Increase 238 Decrease
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Autonomous Republic of Crimea 215 Increase 213 Increase 205 Decrease 210 Decrease
 Kharkiv Oblast 203 Decrease 234 Decrease 243 Decrease 252 Decrease
 Zakarpattia Oblast 168 Decrease 195 Decrease 199 Decrease 238 Increase
 Vinnytsia Oblast 166 Decrease 186 Increase 148 Decrease 149 Decrease
 Luhansk Oblast 165 Decrease 188 Decrease 199 Decrease 252 Decrease
 Zaporizhia Oblast 154 Decrease 169 Decrease 182 Increase 174 Decrease
 Rivne Oblast 147 Decrease 156 Decrease 158 Decrease 164 Increase
 Khmelnytskyi Oblast 134 Increase 89 Decrease 109 Decrease 174 Increase
 Zhytomyr Oblast 124 Decrease 134 Decrease 135 Increase 127 Increase
 Cherkasy Oblast 122 Increase 101 Decrease 125 Decrease 132 Decrease
 Kiev Oblast 119 Decrease 143 Increase 140 Decrease 146 Increase
 Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 109 Decrease 145 Decrease 170 Increase 157 Decrease
 Volyn Oblast 106 Decrease 116 Decrease 123 Increase 118 Increase
 Kirovohrad Oblast 103 Decrease 139 Increase 112 Decrease 119 Decrease
 Kherson Oblast 100 Decrease 120 Increase 116 Decrease 136 Decrease
 Mykolaiv Oblast 97 Steady 97 Decrease 104 Decrease 112 Increase
 Ternopil Oblast 97 Increase 96 Decrease 98 Increase 93 Decrease
 Chernihiv Oblast 94 Increase 80 Decrease 82 Decrease 103 Increase
 Chernivtsi Oblast 92 Decrease 96 Increase 90 Decrease 91 Decrease
 Poltava Oblast 85 Decrease 86 Decrease 87 Decrease 105 Decrease
 Sumy Oblast 76 Decrease 78 Decrease 97 Increase 91 Decrease
Sevastopol Sevastopol City 23 Decrease 39 Increase 36 Increase 34 Increase
Infant mortality per 1000 by Oblast Death/2012 Death/2011 Death/2010 Death/2009
 Donetsk Oblast 12,7 Increase 11,4 Decrease 12,0 Decrease 12,3 Increase
 Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 10,0 Increase 9,5 Decrease 9,7 Increase 8,8 Decrease
 Cherkasy Oblast 9,6 Increase 8,1 Decrease 10,0 Decrease 10,5 Decrease
 Kirovohrad Oblast 9,4 Decrease 13,2 Increase 10,6 Decrease 10,9 Decrease
 Chernihiv Oblast 9,2 Increase 7,9 Decrease 8,1 Decrease 9,9 Increase
 Vinnytsia Oblast 9,1 Decrease 10,4 Increase 8,4 Decrease 8,3 Decrease
 Khmelnytskyi Oblast 9,0 Increase 6,2 Decrease 7,5 Decrease 11,8 Increase
 Zakarpattia Oblast 8,9 Decrease 10,6 Decrease 10,9 Decrease 13,1 Increase
 Odessa Oblast 8,8 Decrease 9,2 Steady 9,2 Decrease 9,7 Decrease
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Autonomous Republic of Crimea 8,8 Decrease 9,1 Increase 8,8 Decrease 8,9 Decrease
 Zaporizhia Oblast 8,2 Decrease 9,3 Decrease 10,1 Increase 9,4 Decrease
 Rivne Oblast 8,1 Decrease 8,9 Decrease 9,2 Decrease 9,4 Increase
 Kherson Oblast 8,0 Decrease 9,9 Increase 9,4 Decrease 11,0 Decrease
 Zhytomyr Oblast 8,0 Decrease 8,9 Decrease 9,1 Increase 8,5 Increase
 Chernivtsi Oblast 8,0 Decrease 8,5 Increase 8,2 Steady 8,2 Decrease
 Ternopil Oblast 8,0 Steady 8,0 Decrease 8,2 Increase 7,5 Decrease
 Lviv Oblast 7,8 Decrease 9,4 Increase 9,2 Decrease 8,0 Decrease
Kiev Kyiv City 7,8 Decrease 8,0 Increase 7,3 Decrease 7,5 Decrease
 Luhansk Oblast 7,6 Decrease 8,8 Decrease 9,4 Decrease 11,6 Decrease
 Kharkiv Oblast 7,5 Decrease 8,9 Decrease 9,2 Decrease 9,3 Decrease
 Mykolaiv Oblast 7,3 Decrease 7,5 Decrease 8,1 Decrease 8,5 Increase
 Volyn Oblast 7,0 Decrease 7,9 Decrease 8,2 Increase 7,7 Increase
 Sumy Oblast 6,9 Decrease 7,5 Decrease 9,3 Increase 8,5 Decrease
 Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 6,4 Decrease 8,8 Increase 10,3 Increase 9,1 Decrease
 Poltava Oblast 5,8 Decrease 6,1 Steady 6,1 Decrease 7,1 Decrease
 Kiev Oblast 5,7 Decrease 7,2 Increase 7,0 Decrease 7,1 Decrease
Sevastopol Sevastopol City 5,1 Decrease 9,2 Increase 8,6 Increase 8,0 Increase

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

Life expectancy at birth in Ukraine by oblast in 2013
  • total population: 71.37= Increase years
  • male: 66.34= Increase years
  • female: 76.22= Increase years (2013 official.)

Total fertility rate[edit]

6.00 Decrease children born/woman (1913 est.)

5.39 Decrease children born/woman (1925 est.)

1,08 Decrease children born/woman (2001)

1.46 Increase children born/woman (2011)

1.53 Increase children born/woman (2012)

1.51 Decrease children born/woman (2013)

In 2001 Ukraine recorded the lowest fertility rate ever recorded in Europe for an independent country: 1.08 child/woman. During this year the number of children born was less than half of that born in 1987. Lower rates were recorded only in former East Germany, which registered 0.77 child/woman in 1994, as well as Taiwan (from 2008 to 2010), and both Hong Kong and Macau (from about 2000 to 2010). After neglect by the Kuchma administration, both the Yushchenko and the Yanukovych governments have made increasing the birth rate a priority.

Total Fertility Rate by oblast[edit]

Fertility rate in Ukraine by oblast in 2011

Although none of the oblasts in 2013 has recorded a higher fertility rate 2.10 children per woman. However, the rate has been in rural areas in the Rivne Oblast (2.50) and the Volyn Oblast (2.20). While a very close generational renewal rate was achieved in the Odessa Oblast (2.04), Zakarpattia Oblast (2.00), Mykolaiv Oblast (1.95), Chernivtsi Oblast (1.93) and Zhytomyr Oblast (1.91) weaker when they have been recorded in the Luhansk oblast (1.41), Sumy oblast (1.47) and Cherkasy Oblast (1.53).

The fertility rate of the highest urban areas were recorded in the Zakarpattia Oblast (1.80), the city of Sevastopol (1.57), Volyn Oblast (1.56), Kiev Oblast (1.56) and the Rivne Oblast (1,54). The lowest rates were recorded in the Sumy Oblast (1.23), Kharkiv Oblast (1.26), Cherkasy Oblast (1.28), Chernihiv Oblast (1.28), Chernivtsi Oblast (1.28), Luhansk oblast (1.28), Poltava oblast (1.29), Donetsk oblast (1.29) and Zaporizhia Oblast (1.32).

Children Born Per Woman by Oblast Total Fertility Rate/2013 Total Fertility Rate/2012 Total Fertility Rate/2011 Total Fertility Rate/2010
 Rivne Oblast 2,00 Decrease 2,08 Increase 1,99 Increase 1,93 Increase
 Zakarpattia Oblast 1,93 Decrease 1,95 Increase 1,90 Increase 1,83 Steady
 Volyn Oblast 1,86 Decrease 1,92 Increase 1,81 Decrease 1,85 Decrease
 Zhytomyr Oblast 1,68 Decrease 1,71 Increase 1,65 Increase 1,61 Increase
 Odessa Oblast 1,65 Decrease 1,71 Increase 1,62 Increase 1,58 Steady
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Autonomous Republic of Crimea 1,67 Decrease 1,68 Increase 1,56 Increase 1,55 Steady
 Kiev Oblast 1,64 Decrease 1,67 Increase 1,58 Steady 1,58 Decrease
 Chernivtsi Oblast 1,63 Decrease 1,64 Increase 1,58 Increase 1,53 Steady
 Khmelnytskyi Oblast 1,61 Decrease 1,62 Increase 1,56 Increase 1,55 Decrease
 Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast 1,60 Decrease 1,63 Increase 1,55 Decrease 1,58 Decrease
 Kherson Oblast 1,60 Decrease 1,61 Increase 1,51 Steady 1,51 Increase
Sevastopol Sevastopol City 1,58 Decrease 1,62 Increase 1,47 Increase 1,45 Steady
 Kirovohrad Oblast 1,57 Decrease 1,61 Increase 1,51 Increase 1,50 Increase
 Lviv Oblast 1,55 Decrease 1,58 Increase 1,49 Decrease 1,50 Decrease
 Mykolaiv Oblast 1,55 Decrease 1,57 Increase 1,47 Increase 1,44 Decrease
 Vinnytsia Oblast 1,53 Decrease 1,59 Increase 1,53 Increase 1,50 Decrease
 Ukraine 1,51 Decrease 1,53 Increase 1,46 Increase 1,45 Decrease
 Dnipropetrovsk Oblast 1,51 Decrease 1,52 Increase 1,44 Increase 1,43 Decrease
 Ternopil Oblast 1,48 Decrease 1,50 Increase 1,45 Decrease 1,46 Decrease
 Zaporizhia Oblast 1,43 Decrease 1,46 Increase 1,37 Increase 1,34 Decrease
 Poltava Oblast 1,40 Decrease 1,41 Increase 1,33 Decrease 1,34 Increase
 Cherkasy Oblast 1,38 Decrease 1,43 Increase 1,37 Increase 1,36 Increase
 Chernihiv Oblast 1,37 Decrease 1,40 Increase 1,36 Steady 1,36 Increase
Kiev Kyiv City 1,36 Decrease 1,38 Increase 1,29 Decrease 1,30 Steady
 Donetsk Oblast 1,32 Decrease 1,34 Increase 1,27 Increase 1,26 Decrease
 Kharkiv Oblast 1,32 Steady 1,32 Increase 1,25 Increase 1,24 Decrease
 Sumy Oblast 1,30 Decrease 1,36 Increase 1,25 Increase 1,23 Decrease
 Luhansk Oblast 1,30 Decrease 1,33 Increase 1,27 Increase 1,23 Decrease

Statistic rate of regional capitals[edit]

Birth rate in

regional centers

Birth/2012 Birth/2011 Birth/2010 Birth/2009 Birth/2007 Birth/2005 Birth/2003
Simferopol 13,6 Increase 12,8 Increase 11,8 Steady 11,8 Increase 11,0 Increase 9,5 Increase 9,2 Increase
Lutsk 12,6 Increase 12,3 Decrease 12,6 Decrease 13,9 Increase 12,6 Increase 11,7 Increase 10,0 Increase
Rivne 12,6 Increase 12,0 Increase 11,8 Decrease 12,3 Increase 10,9 Increase 10,1 Decrease 9,4 Increase
Uzhhorod 12,1 Increase 11,9 Decrease 12,0 Decrease 12,4 Increase 12,8 Increase 12,6 Increase 10,8 Decrease
Kiev 12,0 Increase 11,4 Decrease 11,5 Decrease 11,7 Increase 10,4 Increase 9,8 Increase 8,8 Increase
Khmelnytskyi 12,0 Increase 11,2 Decrease 11,8 Increase 11,5 Increase 10,4 Steady 10,2 Increase 9,2 Increase
Sevastopol 12,0 Increase 11,1 Increase 11,0 Decrease 11,2 Increase 10,5 Increase 9,6 Increase 8,7 Increase
Kherson 11,9 Increase 11,1 Increase 10,1 Increase 10,5 Increase 9,6 Steady 8,6 Decrease 8,5 Increase
Ternopil 11,8 Decrease 12,2 Increase 11,7 Decrease 12,3 Increase 11,9 Increase 11,6 Increase 10,4 Increase
Ivano-Frankivsk 11,6 Steady 11,6 Increase 10,1 Decrease 10,8 Decrease 11,3 Increase 10,7 Increase 9,3 Increase
Vinnytsia 11,5 Increase 11,2 Increase 10,9 Decrease 11,1 Increase 10,1 Increase 9,4 Increase 9,1 Increase
Kirovohrad 11,5 Increase 11,1 Increase 10,5 Decrease 11,3 Decrease 10,5 Increase 8,9 Increase 8,4 Decrease
Zhytomyr 11,4 Decrease 11,5 Increase 10,8 Decrease 11,7 Increase 10,6 Increase 9,5 Increase 8,7 Increase
Sumy 11,3 Increase 10,3 Increase 10,0 Decrease 10,3 Decrease 9,6 Increase 8,2 Increase 7,8 Increase
Lviv 11,0 Increase 10,4 Increase 10,0 Decrease 10,5 Increase 9,7 Increase 9,3 Decrease 9,0 Increase
Ukraine Urban 10,9 Increase 10,5 Increase 10,4 Decrease 10,8 Steady 9,9 Increase 8,9 Steady 8,3 Increase
Dnipropetrovsk 10,5 Increase 10,2 Increase 10,0 Decrease 10,5 Steady 9,4 Increase 8,5 Increase 7,9 Increase
Luhansk 10,5 Increase 9,8 Increase 8,8 Decrease 9,2 Decrease 8,2 Increase 7,4 Decrease 6,8 Increase
Chernivtsi 10,2 Decrease 10,3 Increase 10,1 Decrease 10,2 Decrease 9,2 Increase 9,6 Increase 8,3 Increase
Odessa 10,1 Increase 9,8 Increase 9,6 Decrease 9,9 Decrease 9,0 Increase 8,3 Increase 7,5 Decrease
Cherkassy 9,9 Increase 9,4 Steady 9,4 Steady 9,4 Decrease 8,7 Increase 7,8 Steady 7,4 Decrease
Poltava 9,9 Increase 9,1 Increase 8,8 Decrease 9,7 Decrease 8,4 Increase 7,8 Increase 7,3 Increase
Zaporizhia 9,5 Increase 9,2 Steady 9,2 Decrease 9,3 Decrease 8,9 Increase 8,2 Increase 7,5 Decrease
Mykolaiv 9,4 Increase 9,3 Increase 9,1 Decrease 9,4 Decrease 8,7 Increase 8,0 Decrease 7,9 Increase
Chernihiv 9,3 Increase 9,2 Increase 9,1 Decrease 9,6 Steady 8,4 Increase 8,0 Increase 7,6 Increase
Kharkiv 9,2 Increase 8,9 Increase 8,8 Decrease 9,2 Decrease 8,4 Increase 7,6 Increase 7,1 Increase
Donetsk 9,1 Increase 8,7 Increase 8,6 Decrease 9,0 Decrease 8,2 Increase 7,5 Increase 6,6 Increase
Death rate in

regional centers

Death/2012 Death/2011 Death/2010 Death/2009 Death/2007 Death/2005 Death/2003
Kherson 15,2 Decrease 15,6 Increase 14,0 Decrease 14,2 Decrease 14,9 Decrease 14,8 Decrease 14,5 Decrease
Luhansk 14,2 Decrease 14,3 Increase 13,6 Increase 13,4 Decrease 13,8 Decrease 14,2 Decrease 14,1 Increase
Simferopol 14,0 Decrease 14,8 Increase 13,6 Decrease 13,8 Decrease 15,3 Increase 15,3 Increase 15,2 Decrease
Sevastopol 13,7 Decrease 14,1 Decrease 14,7 Increase 14,5 Decrease 15,5 Increase 15,4 Increase 14,1 Increase
Kirovohrad 13,7 Steady 13,7 Decrease 13,8 Decrease 14,0 Decrease 14,4 Increase 14,1 Decrease 14,1 Increase
Dnipropetrovsk 13,5 Decrease 13,7 Decrease 14,1 Increase 13,8 Decrease 15,1 Decrease 15,1 Decrease 16,0 Decrease
Donetsk 13,4 Decrease 13,5 Decrease 14,0 Increase 13,9 Decrease 15,2 Decrease 15,4 Increase 14,7 Increase
Zaporizhia 13,2 Decrease 13,4 Decrease 14,2 Increase 13,8 Decrease 15,0 Increase 14,7 Increase 14,2 Decrease
Ukraine Urban 13,1 Steady 13,1 Decrease 13,7 Steady 13,7 Decrease 14,7 Increase 14,8 Increase 14,3 Increase
Mykolaiv 12,8 Steady 12,8 Decrease 13,8 Steady 13,8 Decrease 14,5 Decrease 14,5 Decrease 14,9 Increase
Poltava 12,8 Increase 12,6 Decrease 13,2 Increase 13,0 Decrease 13,7 Increase 13,6 Decrease 13,6 Increase
Sumy 12,1 Increase 11,9 Decrease 12,4 Decrease 12,6 Decrease 13,0 Decrease 13,1 Increase 11,9 Decrease
Kharkiv 12,0 Increase 11,8 Decrease 12,4 Increase 12,2 Decrease 13,1 Increase 13,1 Increase 13,0 Decrease
Odessa 11,9 Decrease 12,2 Decrease 13,0 Increase 12,5 Decrease 13,9 Increase 14,1 Decrease 14,0 Decrease
Cherkassy 11,2 Increase 10,7 Decrease 11,3 Increase 11,2 Decrease 11,7 Decrease 11,7 Increase 11,0 Decrease
Chernihiv 11,4 Increase 11,1 Decrease 12,0 Increase 11,8 Decrease 12,5 Decrease 12,4 Increase 12,0 Decrease
Lviv 11,0 Increase 10,8 Increase 10,5 Decrease 10,8 Decrease 11,5 Increase 11,4 Decrease 11,5 Increase
Zhytomyr 10,7 Decrease 10,9 Decrease 11,2 Increase 11,1 Decrease 12,0 Steady 12,2 Increase 11,4 Increase
Uzhhorod 10,3 Increase 10,2 Decrease 10,5 Decrease 11,3 Decrease 12,0 Decrease 12,4 Increase 10,3 Increase
Kiev 9,8 Increase 9,6 Decrease 10,3 Increase 10,2 Decrease 11,4 Increase 11,2 Increase 10,7 Increase
Lutsk 9,6 Increase 9,4 Decrease 9,6 Increase 9,1 Decrease 10,4 Increase 10,2 Decrease 10,5 Increase
Chernivtsi 9,5 Increase 9,4 Decrease 9,9 Decrease 10,3 Decrease 11,0 Decrease 11,0 Increase 10,8 Increase
Khmelnytskyi 9,4 Increase 8,8 Decrease 9,0 Decrease 9,5 Increase 9,8 Decrease 9,8 Increase 9,2 Increase
Vinnytsia 9,1 Increase 9,0 Decrease 9,2 Steady 9,2 Decrease 10,2 Increase 10,2 Decrease 10,0 Increase
Ivano-Frankivsk 9,1 Increase 8,7 Increase 8,2 Decrease 8,5 Decrease 9,1 Decrease 9,3 Decrease 9,3 Increase
Ternopil 8,1 Increase 7,6 Decrease 8,1 Increase 7,7 Decrease 8,5 Decrease 8,5 Increase 7,7 Decrease
Rivne 7,9 Increase 7,8 Decrease 8,7 Increase 8,6 Decrease 9,0 Increase 9,2 Increase 8,8 Decrease

Ethnic groups[edit]

National structure of the population of Ukraine (2001).
  Ukrainians
  Russians
  Others

Ukrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Romanian 0.8% (including Moldovan 0.5%), Belarusian 0.6%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, Pontic Greeks 0.2% and other 1.6% (including Muslim Bulgarians, otherwise known as Torbesh and a microcosm of Gotlander Swedes of Gammalsvenskby).[19]

Ethnic Ukrainians in Ukraine by oblast (2001 census)
Ethnic Ukrainians in Ukraine by raions (2001 census)

Before World War II[edit]

Population of the Ukrainian SSR according to ethnic group 1926–1939
Ethnic
group
census 19261 census 19392
Number  % Number  %
Ukrainians 23,218,860 80.0 23,667,509 76.5
Russians 2,677,166 9.2 4,175,299 13.5
Jews 1,574,428 5.4 1,532,776 5.0
Germans 393,924 1.4 392,458 1.3
Poles 476,435 1.6 357,710 1.2
Moldavians / Romanians 257,794 0.9 230,698 0.8
Belarusians 75,842 0.3 158,174 0.5
Pontic Greeks 104,666 0.4 107,047 0.4
Bulgarians 99,278 0.3 83,838 0.3
Tatars 22,281 0.1 55,456 0.2
Romani 13,578 0.0 10,443 0.0
Others 103,935 0.4 174,810 0.6
Total 29,018,187 30,946,218
1 Source: [1]. 2 Source: [2].

After World War II[edit]

Population of Ukraine according to ethnic group 1959-2001
Ethnic
group
census 19591 census 19702 census 19793 census 19894 census 20015
Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  %
Ukrainians 32,158,493 76.8 35,283,857 74.9 36,488,951 73.6 37,419,053 72.7 37,541,693 77.5
Russians 7,090,813 16.9 9,126,331 19.4 10,471,602 21.1 11,355,582 22.1 8,334,141 17.2
Moldavians / Romanians 341,512 0.8 378,043 0.8 415,371 0.9 459,420 0.9 409,608 0.8
Belarusians 290,890 0.7 385,847 0.8 406,098 0.8 440,045 0.9 275,763 0.6
Crimean Tatars 193 0.0 3,554 0.0 6,636 0.0 46,807 0.1 248,193 0.5
Bulgarians 219,419 0.5 234,390 0.5 238,217 0.5 233,800 0.5 204,574 0.4
Hungarians 149,229 0.4 157,731 0.3 164,373 0.3 163,111 0.3 156,566 0.3
Poles 363,297 0.9 295,107 0.6 258,309 0.5 219,179 0.4 144,130 0.3
Jews 840,311 2.0 777,126 1.7 634,154 1.3 486,628 1.0 103,591 0.2
Armenians 28,024 0.1 33,439 0.1 38,646 0.1 54,200 0.1 99,894 0.2
Greeks 104,359 0.3 106,909 0.2 104,091 0.2 98,594 0.2 91,548 0.2
Tatars 61,334 0.2 72,658 0.2 83,906 0.2 86,875 0.2 73,304 0.2
Romani 22,515 0.1 30,091 0.1 34,411 0.1 47,917 0.1 47,587 0.1
Azerbaijanis 6,680 0.0 10,769 0.0 17,235 0.0 36,961 0.1 45,176 0.1
Georgians 11,574 0.0 14,650 0.0 16,301 0.0 23,540 0.1 34,199 0.1
Germans 23,243 0.1 29,871 0.1 34,139 0.1 37,849 0.1 33,302 0.1
Gagauzs 23,530 0.1 26,464 0.1 29,398 0.1 31,967 0.1 31,923 0.1
Karaites 3,301 0.0 2,596 0.0 1,845 0.0 1,404 0.0 1,196 0.0
Others 129,338 0.3 157,084 0.3 165,650 0.3 209,172 0.4 539,604 1.1
Total 41,869,046 47,126,517 49,609,333 51,452,034 48,416,000
1 Source: [3]. 2 Source: [4]. 3 Source: [5]. 4 Source: [6]. 5 Source: [7].

Languages[edit]

Main article: Languages of Ukraine
Population with Ukrainian as their native language in Ukraine by oblast (2001 census)
The majority language by city, town, and village councils according to 2001 census.
The most common native languages in regions and the biggest cities, according to the 2001 census (orange - Ukrainian, blue - Russian, dark green - Romanian, purple - Hungarian, light green - Moldovan, pink - Bulgarian)

Ukrainian 67%, Russian 30%, Crimean Tatar, Pontic Greek, Urum (Turko-Tatar spoken by Crimean, mainly Christian Greeks), Bulgarian-, Romanian/Moldovan-, Polish-, Hungarian-, Rusyn-speaking minorities and small remnants of a Yiddish speaking group among the local Jews.[vague] The below table gives the total population of various ethnic groups in Ukraine and the primary language, according to the 2000 census.[19]

Primary language by ethnic group
Ethnic group Population Native Ukrainian Russian Other
Ukrainians 37,541,693 31,970,728 5,544,729 532
Russians 8,334,141 7,993,832 328,152 402
Romanians/Moldovans 409,598 319,646 37,412 47,907 26
Belarusians 275,763 54,573 48,202 172,251
Crimean Tatars 248,193 228,373 184 15,208 43
Bulgarians 204,574 131,237 10,277 62,067 9
Hungarians 156,566 149,431 5,367 1,513 14
Poles 144,130 18,660 102,268 22,495 390
Jews 103,591 3,213 13,924 85,964 16
Armenians 99,894 50,363 5,798 43,105 11
Greeks 91,548 5,829 4,359 80,992 9
Tatars 73,304 25,770 3,310 43,060 6
Romani people 47,587 21,266 10,039 6,378 6
Azerbaijanis 45,176 23,958 3,224 16,968 36
Georgians 34,199 12,539 2,818 18,589 15
Germans 33,302 4,056 7,360 21,549 20
Gagauzs 31,923 22,822 1,102 7,232 2
Koreans 12,711 2,223 700 9,662 0
Uzbeks 12,353 3,604 1,818 5,996 0
Chuvash 10,593 2,268 564 7,636 1
Mordvinians 9,331 1,473 646 7,168 0
Turks 8,844 7,923 133 567 0
Lithuanians 7,207 1,932 1,029 4,182 4
Arabs 6,575 4,071 897 1,235 0
Slovaks 6,397 2,633 2,665 335 0
Czechs 5,917 1,190 2,503 2,144 2
Kazakhs 5,526 1,041 822 3,470 11
Latvians 5,079 957 872 3,188 1
Ossetians 4,834 1,150 401 3,110 4
Udmurts 4,712 729 380 3,515 0
Lezghinians 4,349 1,507 330 2,341 4
Tadjiks 4,255 1,521 488 1,983 0
Bashkirs 4,253 843 336 2,920 0
Mari people 4,130 1,059 264 2,758 7
Thai 3,850 3,641 29 164 0
Turkmens 3,709 719 1,079 1,392 0
Albanians 3,308 1,740 301 1,181 0
Assyrians 3,143 883 408 1,730 0
Chechens 2,877 1,581 212 977 0
Estonians 2,868 416 321 2,107 4
Chinese people 2,213 1,817 73 307 0
Kurds 2,088 1,173 236 396 0
Darghins 1,610 409 199 955 0
Komis 1,545 330 127 1,046 0
Karelians 1,522 96 145 1,244 1
Avars 1,496 582 121 761 0
Indo-Pakistanis 1,483 1,092 26 192 0
Abkhazians 1,458 317 268 797 0
Karaites 1,196 72 160 931 0
Komi-Permians 1,165 160 79 898 1
Kyrgyz people 1,128 208 221 617 19
Laks 1,019 199 271 514 13
Afghanis 1,008 551 60 213 0
other 3,228 1,027 144 790 0
NA 188,639 0 1,108 1,844 1
Native languages according to 2001 census
Ukrainianlang2001ua.PNG
Russianlang2001ua.PNG
Romanlang2001ua.PNG
Ukrainian Russian Romanian and Moldovan
Crimtatarlang2001ua.PNG
Bolgarianlang2001ua.PNG
Hungarianlang2001ua.PNG
Crimean-tatar Bulgarian Hungarian

Religion[edit]

Main article: Religion in Ukraine

Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kiev Patriarchy 39.8%, Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) 29.4%, Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church 14.1%, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church 2.8%, Roman Catholic 1.7%, Protestant 2.4%, Islam 0.6%, Jewish 0.2%, other 2% (2008 est.)[20]

Regional differences[edit]

Regional differences in population change[edit]

Natural population growth rates by oblast (2009).

Between the Soviet census of 1989 and the Ukrainian census of 2001, Ukraine's population declined from 51,706,600 to 48,457,020,[21] a loss of 2,926,700 people or 5.7% of the 1989 population. However, this trend has been quite uneven and varied regionally. Two regions in western Ukraine — Rivne and Zakarpattia, saw slight population increases of .3% and .5% respectively. A third western Ukrainian region, Volyn, lost less than .1% of its population between 1989 and 2001.[21] Collectively, between 1989 and 2001 the seven westernmost regions of Ukraine lost 167,500 people or 1.7% of their 1989 population. The total population of these regions in 2001 was 9,593,800.[21]

Between 1989 and 2001, the population of Kiev City increased by .3% [21] due to positive net-migration.[citation needed] Outside the capital, the central, southern and eastern regions experienced a severe decline in population. Between 1989 and 2001, the Donetsk region lost 491,300 people or 9.2% of its 1989 population, and neighbouring Luhansk region lost 11% of its population.[21] Chernihiv region, in central Ukraine northeast of Kiev, lost 170,600 people or 12% of its 1989 population, the highest percentage loss in of any region in Ukraine. In southern Ukraine, Odessa region lost 173,600 people, or 6.6% of its 1989 population. By 2001, Crimea's population declined by 29,900 people, representing only 1.4% of the 1989 population.[21]

However, this was due to the influx of approximately 200,000 Crimean Tatars – a number equivalent to approximately 10% of Crimea's 1989 population – who arrived in Crimea after 1989 and whose population in that region increased by a factor of 6.4 from 38,000 to 243,400 between 1989 and 2001.[22] Collectively, the net population loss in the regions of Ukraine outside the westernmost regions was 2,759,200 people or 6.6% of the 1989 population. The total population of these regions in 2001 was 39,186,100.[21]

Thus, from 1989–2001 the pattern of population change was one of slight growth in Kiev, slight declines in western Ukraine, large declines in eastern, central and southern Ukraine and slight decline in Crimea due to a large influx of Crimean Tatars.

Natural population growth
NaturalGrowth2012.PNG
NaturalGrowth2009urban.PNG
NaturalGrowth2009rural.PNG
All population, 2012 Urban population, 2009 Rural population, 2009

Regional differences in birth and fertility rates[edit]

The birth rate in Ukraine, 2003.
The birth rate in Ukraine, 2010.

Ukraine's total fertility rate is one of the lowest in Europe.[23][24] However, significant regional differences in birth rates may account for some of the demographic differences. In the third quarter of 2007, for instance, the highest birth rate among Ukrainian regions occurred in Volyn Oblast, with a birth rate of 13.4/1,000 people, compared to the Ukrainian country-wide average of 9.6/1,000 people.[25] Volyn's birthrate is higher than the average birth rate of any European country with the exceptions of Iceland and Albania.[26]

In 2007, for the first time since 1990, five Ukrainian regions (Zakarpattia Oblast, Rivne Oblast, Volyn Oblast, Lviv Oblast, and Kiev Oblast) experienced more births than deaths.[27] This demonstrates a positive trend of increasing birthrates in the last couple of years throughout Ukraine. The ratio of births to deaths in those regions in 2007 was 119%, 117%, 110%, 100.7%, and 108%, respectively.[27]

With the exception of Kiev region, all of the regions with more births than deaths were in the less industrially developed regions of western Ukraine. According to a spokesperson for Ukraine's Ministry of Justice, the overall ratio of births to deaths in Ukraine had improved from 1 to 1.7 in 2004-2005 to 1 to 1.4 in 2008. However, the worst birth to death ratios in the country were in the eastern and central oblasts of Donetsk, Luhansk, Cherkasy and Poltava. In these regions, for every birth there were 2.1 deaths.[28]

Notably, western Ukraine never experienced the Holodomor, as Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania ruled it at the time, helping to explain the better demographics there, as the rural population was never devastated. Specifically, during the time of the Holodomor, Poland ruled Ivano-Frankivsk, Lviv, Rivne, Ternopil, and Volyn Oblasts, whereas Zakarpattia Oblast was under Czechoslovak rule, and Romania controlled Chernivtsi Oblast and the Budjak section of Odessa Oblast.

Abortion behavior in the North, South, East and Center regions of Ukraine are relatively homogeneous while the Western region differs greatly. Overall, the abortion rate in western Ukraine is three times lower than in other regions; however this is not due to an increased use of modern contraceptive methods in the West, but simply due to the fact that pregnant women in the Western regions are more likely to keep their babies.[29] Donetsk and Dniproptrovsk oblasts in eastern and central Ukraine have the country's highest rate of abortions.[30]

Regional differences and death rates and health[edit]

The death rate in Ukraine, 2010.

Death rates also vary widely by region; Eastern and southern Ukraine have the highest death rates in the country, and the life expectancy for children born in Chernigov, Dnepropetrovsk, Donetsk, Kherson, Kirovograd, Lugansk, Nikolaev, and Odessa regions is 1.5 years lower than the national average.[31]

Ukraine had a suicide rate of 29.6 per 100,000 population in 1998, a significant increase from the suicide rate of 19 per 100,000 in 1988. Suicides are more frequent in the industrially developed regions and in the rural areas of the country than in the cities; In western Ukraine, the suicide rate was lower than the national average at 11.1 per 100,000.[32]

The Southern and eastern Ukrainian regions also suffer from the highest rates of HIV and AIDS, which impacts life expectancy. In late 2000, 60% of all AIDS cases in Ukraine were concentrated in the Odessa, Dnipropetrovsk, and Donetsk regions.[33] A major reason for this is the fact that the urbanized and industrialized regions in the East and South of Ukraine suffered most from the economic crisis in the 1990s, which in turn led to the spread of unemployment, alcoholism, and drug abuse, thus setting the conditions for wider spread of the epidemic.[34]

Regional differences in income[edit]

In terms of income, the rural western and central regions of Ukraine are the poorest while Kiev and the industrialized eastern regions of Ukraine are the wealthiest. In December 2010 the average monthly income in Ukraine was 2629 hryvnias. The poorest regions in Ukraine, Volyn and Chernihiv, had monthly incomes of 1995 and 1951 hryvnias, respectively. In contrast, the monthly income in the city of Kiev was 4174 hryvnias per month, the city of Sevastopol 2712 hryvnias per month, and in Kiev region was 2647 per month. Outside of the capital and the city of Sevastopol, the wealthiest regions were Donetsk and Luhansk, whose monthly incomes were 2654 and 2631 hryvnias per month, respectively.[35]

In terms of poverty rates, the western and southern regions of Ukraine (particularly rural areas within those regions) have the country's highest poverty rates while Ukraine's eastern regions have the lowest poverty rates. In 2001, 39 percent of Ukraine's population could be defined as poor when the World Bank's poverty threshold of a dollar per day per capita was used. According to these standards, 49 percent of rural western Ukrainians and 45 percent of urban western Ukrainians were poor. In southern Ukraine, the percentages of poor were 51 and 40 percent, respectively. In contrast, 35% of urban and rural Ukrainians were poor based on per capita income less than one dollar per day in the regions of Eastern Ukraine. When poverty was measured according to the percentage of the population who spent 80% or more of their income on food, regional differences shrank somewhat. In the western regions of Ukraine, 28 percent of rural residents and 9 percent of urban residents spent 80% of their income or more on food. In Ukraine's eastern regions, 19 percent of rural and 11 percent of urban residents spent 80% or more of their income on food.[36]

Urbanization[edit]

UkraineUrbanization2010.PNG
UkraineDensity10.PNG
VillageMediumPopulatUa.PNG
Urbanization rate, 2011 Population density, 2011 Median population of rural settlements, 2011


Migration[edit]

Migration growth rate in 2012 (per 1000).

Ukraine is the major source of migrants in many of the European Union Member States. During the 1990s and early 2000s, Ukraine's sputtering economy and political instability contributed to rising emigration, especially to nearby Poland and Hungary, but also to other States such as Italy, Portugal, Spain, Turkey, Israel, Russia and Canada. Although estimates vary, approximately two to three million Ukrainian citizens are currently working abroad, most of them illegally, in construction, service, housekeeping, and agriculture industries.

Between 1991 and 2004, the government counted 2,537,400 individuals who emigrated; 1,897,500 moved to other post-Soviet states, and 639,900 moved to other, mainly Western, states.[37]

By the early 2000s, Ukrainian embassies reported that 300,000 Ukrainian citizens were working in Poland, 200,000 in Italy, approximately 200,000 in the Czech Republic, 150,000 in Portugal, 100,000 in Spain, 35,000 in Turkey, 20,000 in the United States and small significant numbers in Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK. The largest number of Ukrainian workers abroad, about one million, are in the Russian Federation. Since 1992, 232,072 persons born in Ukraine have emigrated to the US.

From the point of view of the economic impact on natives, more appropriate than the absolute numbers is the volume of immigration as a proportion of the native population. Excluding the Russian Federation, Portugal and the Czech Republic have the highest rate of Ukrainian emigrants as a proportion of the native population, while the much larger Italy has the largest absolute confirmed number of Ukrainian emigrants (leaving aside Poland, for which there is conflicting data).

See also[edit]

General:

References[edit]

  1. ^ [8] United Nations. Demographic Yearbooks
  2. ^ [9] State Statistics Committee of Ukraine
  3. ^ Population census of Ukraine, 2001
  4. ^ "All-Ukrainian population census|". Ukrcensus.gov.ua. Retrieved 2014-03-01. 
  5. ^ State Statistics Committee of Ukraine - Population, as of January 1, 2013. Average annual populations 2012
  6. ^ Ukraine, Orest Subtelny, page 152, 2000
  7. ^ Brief description of Zenon Kuzela (Kuzelya) (English)
  8. ^ Ukraine: A Concise Encyclopedia Vol. 1, Book by Volodymyr Kubiyovych; University of Toronto Press, 1963
  9. ^ Posted availability of the book
  10. ^ Statistical Yearbooks of the Russian Empire
  11. ^ [10] United Nations. Demographic Yearbooks
  12. ^ [11] State Statistics Committee of Ukraine
  13. ^ Ukrainian death rates 1950-2008 Demoscope Retrieved on 12-14-09
  14. ^ Ukrainian birth rates 1950-2008 Demoscope Retrieved on 12-14-09, 2009
  15. ^ State Statistics Committee of Ukraine Retrieved on 12-14-09
  16. ^ [12]
  17. ^ State Statistics Committee of Ukraine - Migration Retrieved on March 26, 2009
  18. ^ State Statistics Committee of Ukraine - Natural increase in population in 2010 Retrieved on May 20, 2011
  19. ^ a b Population census 2001: Population by nationality
  20. ^ Опитування: Віруючим якої церкви, конфесії Ви себе вважаєте?
  21. ^ a b c d e f g All-Ukrainian Population Census 2001
  22. ^ About number and composition population of Autonomous Republic of Crimea by data All-Ukrainian population census
  23. ^ Рождаемость в Украине самая низкая в Европе, Demoscope.ru, April 16–29, 2007 (Russian)
  24. ^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2007). "United Nations World Population Prospects: 2006 revision, Table A.15" (PDF). New York: UN. Retrieved 26 September 2010. 
  25. ^ MIGnews: Volyn Region – Fertility Leader in Ukraine, 10 Oct 2007. Retrieved 19 Oct 2007.
  26. ^ CIA world factbook.
  27. ^ a b Ukrainian News: Birth Rate Exceeds Death Rate in Five Regions of Ukraine First Since 1990s 4th Oct 2007. Retrieved 19 Oct 2007.
  28. ^ Innas Filipeno. The Day. Births and deaths: A record-breaking half million children were born in Ukraine last year. #3. 3 February 2009. Retrieved 8 December 2009.
  29. ^ Natalia LEvchuk, Brienna Perelli-Harris. (2009). Declining Fertility in UKraine: What is the role of abortion and contraception? Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research
  30. ^ World Bank Report, Chapter 3: Demographic Forecast Under the HIV/AIDS Epidemic
  31. ^ Unicef. (2004). The Situation of Children and Young People at the Regional Level in Ukraine Prepared by Ukraine Country Statistical Team Co-ordinator: Iryna Kalachova State Statistic Committee, Kiev
  32. ^ Kryzhanovskaya, Ludmila; Pilyagina, Galina. (1999). Suicidal behavior in the Ukraine, 1988–1998.. Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention. Vol 20(4),1999, 184-190.
  33. ^ The International Encyclopedia of Sexuality of the Kinsey Institute. Tamara V. Hovorun, Ph.D., and Borys M. Vornyk, Ph.D. (Medicine). Rewritten and updated in 2003 by T. V. Hovorun and B. M. Vornyk(2003) Ukraine.
  34. ^ Vulnerability Assessment of People Living With HIV (PLHIV) in Ukraine United Nations Development Programme, page 24 - Retrieved on December 08, 2009
  35. ^ Average Income in Ukraine Per Region Per Month, 2010 State Statistics Committee of Ukraine
  36. ^ Institute for Economic Research and Policy Consulting, German Advisory Group on Economic Reform
  37. ^ By Olena Malynovska, National Institute for International Security Problems, Kyiv Caught Between East and West, Ukraine Struggles with Its Migration Policy

External links[edit]