Demographics of the Central African Republic

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Central African Republic, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Demographics of Central African Republic, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

There are more than 80 ethnic groups in the Central African Republic (CAR), each with its own language. About 50% are Baya-Mandjia, 40% Banda (largely located in the northern and central parts of the country), and 7% are M'Baka (southwestern corner of the CAR). Sangho, the language of a small group along the Oubangui River, is the national language spoken by the majority of Central Africans. Only a small part of the population has more than an elemental knowledge of French, the official language.

More than 55% of the population of the CAR lives in rural areas. The chief agricultural areas are around the Bossangoa and Bambari. Bangui, Berberati, Bangassou, and Bossangoa are the most densely populated urban centers.

Population[edit]

According to the 2010 revison of the World Population Prospects the total population was 4 401 000 in 2010, compared to only 1 327 000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 40.4%, 55.6% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 4% was 65 years or older .[1]

Total population (x 1000) Population aged 0–14 (%) Population aged 15–64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)
1950 1 327 36.2 58.7 5.1
1955 1 399 37.0 58.3 4.7
1960 1 504 38.2 57.5 4.3
1965 1 649 39.6 56.2 4.2
1970 1 829 40.6 55.3 4.1
1975 2 017 41.7 54.2 4.1
1980 2 274 42.2 53.6 4.1
1985 2 627 42.4 53.6 4.0
1990 2 935 43.2 52.8 4.0
1995 3 328 42.5 53.5 4.0
2000 3 702 42.0 54.0 3.9
2005 4 018 41.6 54.5 4.0
2010 4 401 40.4 55.6 4.0

Vital statistics[edit]

Registration of vital events is in the Central African Republic not complete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. [1]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR*
1950-1955 57 000 42 000 15 000 41.7 31.0 10.7 5.52 204
1955-1960 63 000 42 000 21 000 43.3 29.0 14.3 5.75 189
1960-1965 69 000 42 000 27 000 43.8 26.9 16.9 5.90 176
1965-1970 76 000 42 000 33 000 43.5 24.3 19.2 5.95 160
1970-1975 82 000 40 000 42 000 42.7 21.0 21.7 5.95 138
1975-1980 91 000 39 000 51 000 42.2 18.2 24.0 5.95 119
1980-1985 104 000 41 000 63 000 42.4 16.8 25.5 5.95 110
1985-1990 116 000 47 000 70 000 41.9 16.8 25.1 5.90 109
1990-1995 126 000 55 000 71 000 40.2 17.5 22.7 5.65 113
1995-2000 140 000 67 000 73 000 39.8 19.2 20.6 5.54 116
2000-2005 148 000 75 000 72 000 38.3 19.5 18.7 5.30 114
2005-2010 150 000 74 000 76 000 35.6 17.6 18.0 4.85 105
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Fertility and Births[edit]

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):[2]


Year CBR (Total) TFR (Total) CBR (Urban) TFR (Urban) CBR (Rural) TFR (Rural)
1994-95 38,0 5,07 37,9 4,86 37,9 5,23

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Population[edit]

4,950,027
Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2011 est.)

Median age[edit]

Total: 19.2 years
Male: 18.8 years
Female: 19.6 years (2011 est.)

Population growth rate[edit]

2.146% (2011 est.)

Sex ratio[edit]

At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

Total population: 50.07 years
Male: 48.84 years
Female: 51.35 years (2011 est.)

HIV/AIDS[edit]

Adult prevalence rate: 4.7% (2009 est.)
People living with HIV/AIDS: 130,000 (2009 est.)
Deaths: 11,000 (2009 est.)

Major infectious diseases[edit]

Degree of risk: very high
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne disease: malaria
Respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
Water contact disease: schistosomiasis
Animal contact disease: rabies (2009)

Nationality[edit]

Noun: Central African(s)
Adjective: Central African

Ethnic groups[edit]

Gbaya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%; About 15,000 Europeans (mostly French) live in the CAR.

Religions[edit]

Christianity 80.3%, Islam 10.1%, Indigenous beliefs 9.6% (2003 census)[3]

Languages[edit]

French (official) see: French in Africa, Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages, Arabic

Literacy[edit]

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 51%
Male: 63.3%
Female: 39.9% (2003 est.)

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2006 edition".