Demographics of the Marshall Islands
||This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (December 2009)|
This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Marshall Islands, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
The people of the Marshall Islands are of Micronesian origin, which is traced to a combination of peoples who emigrated from Southeast Asia in the remote past. The matrilineal Marshallese culture revolves around a complex system of clans and lineages tied to land ownership.
Virtually all Marshallese are Christian, most of them Protestant (see Religion in the Marshall Islands). Other Christian denominations include Roman Catholicism, the Seventh-day Adventist Church, Latter-day Saints (Mormonism), Salvation Army, and Jehovah's Witness. There is also a small presence of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community and the Bahá'í Faith.
The public school system provides education through grade 12, although admission to secondary school is selective. The elementary program employs a bilingual/bicultural curriculum. English is introduced in the first grade. There is one post-secondary institution in the Marshall Islands—the College of the Marshall Islands.
CIA World Factbook demographic statistics
The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.
68,500 (July 2012 est.)
0-14 years: 50% (male 17,204; female 16,521)
15-64 years: 48% (male 16,826; female 16,111)
65 years and over: 2% (male 693; female 771) (2000 est.)
Population growth rate
2.25% (2006 est.)
45.17 births/1,000 population (2000 est.)
6.4 deaths/1,000 population (2000 est.)
Net migration rate
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2000 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2000 est.)
Infant mortality rate
40.95 deaths/1,000 live births (2000 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 65.5 years
male: 63.72 years
female: 67.36 years (2000 est.)
Total fertility rate
6.61 children born/woman (2000 est.)
noun: Marshallese (singular and plural)
Christianity: Protestant, Catholic, Assembly of God, Jehovah's Witness, Mormon (mostly Protestant) (see Religion in the Marshall Islands)
Marshallese (official) 98.2%, other languages 1.8% (1999 census)
English (official), widely spoken as a second language
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93%
female: 88% (1980 est.)