Demographics of the Palestinian territories

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Palestinian territories, including ethnicity, education level, health of the populous, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

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The Palestinian territories are the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) and the Gaza Strip. While the Palestinian National Authority, the United Nations Security Council,[1] the United Nations General Assembly,[2] the European Union,[3] the International Court of Justice,[4] and the International Committee of the Red Cross[5] use the terminology "Palestinian territories" or "occupied Palestinian territories", Israel has preferred alternative terminology.

Overview[edit]

The Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) estimated Palestinians at mid year 2009 as 10.7 million persons as follows: 3.9 million in the Palestinian Territory (36.6%), 1.2 million (11.5%) in Israel; 5.0 million in Arab countries (46.2%), 0.6 million in foreign countries (5.7%).[6]

According to an article in Guardian (2008) using PCBS census figures, the Palestinian territories have one of the fastest growing populations in the world, with numbers surging 30% in the past decade (2008). There was 3.76 million Palestinians in the West Bank, Gaza and East Jerusalem, up from 2.89 million 10 years earlier.[7]

According to the U.S. Census population growth mid-1990-2008 in Gaza and West Bank was 106% from 1.9 million (1990) to 3.9 million persons.[8]

According to UN (2010) Palestinian population is 4.4 million.[9] According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) population density in 2009 was 654 capita/km2, of which 433 capita/km2 in the West Bank including Jerusalem and 4,073 capita/km2 in Gaza Strip.[10] In the mid-2009 the share of population less than 15 years was 41.9% and above 65 years 3%.[10]

Population (mid year)[11][12][13]
Year West Bank Gaza Total
1970 0.69 0.34 1.03
1980 0.90 0.46 1.36
1990 1.25 0.65 1.90
2000 1.98 1.13 3.11
2004 2.20 1.30 3.50
2008 2.41 1.5 3.91
2010 2.52 1.60 4.12
Source: U.S. Census Bureau
2006 2.5 1.5 4.0
2009 2.48 1.45 3.94
Source: Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
Region Population
West Bank 2,568,555[14]
East Jerusalem 192,800[15]
Gaza Strip 1,657,155[16]
Name Population
(2007)[17]
Area (km2) Density[18]
West Bank 2,369,700 5,671 417.86
Gaza Strip 1,416,539 360 3934.83
Total 3,786,239 6,031 627.80

Vital statistics[edit]

UN estimates [20][edit]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR1 CDR1 NC1 TFR1 IMR1
1950-1955 44 000 19 000 2 500 46.7 20.0 26.7 7.38 158.2
1955-1960 49 000 19 000 3 000 46.7 18.5 28.2 7.38 147.0
1960-1965 59 000 19 000 4 000 52.5 16.8 35.7 8.00 129.9
1965-1970 60 000 16 000 3 000 52.5 14.0 38.5 8.00 109.1
1970-1975 60 000 14 000 6 000 46.6 11.2 35.4 7.69 89.8
1975-1980 67 000 13 000 4 000 47.8 8.9 38.9 7.50 70.6
1980-1985 73 000 11 000 2 000 44.6 6.8 37.8 7.05 53.0
1985-1990 83 000 11 000 2 000 45.1 5.5 39.6 6.43 40.0
1990-1995 107 000 11 000 6 000 45.6 4.8 40.8 6.59 32.9
1995-2000 118 000 12 000 16 000 42.0 4.1 37.9 5.77 27.6
2000-2005 122 000 13 000 19 000 39.1 3.8 35.3 5.05 24.6
2005-2010 128 000 14 000 15 000 35.9 3.6 32.3 4.65 22.2
1 CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births

Demographics of the West Bank[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Population[edit]

2,568,555 including East Jerusalem [21] population in the West Bank, excluding Israeli settlers. [22]

3,092,555 including 524,000 Israeli settlers in the West Bank.

Age structure[edit]

0–14 years: 35.8% (male 471,908/female 447,816)
15–64 years: 60.5% (male 796,421/female 757,227)
65 years and over: 3.6% (male 39,546/female 55,637) (2011 est.)[21]

Population growth rate[edit]

2.097% (2011 est.) [21]

Birth rate[edit]

24.56 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Mortality rate[edit]

3.58 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)

Net migration rate[edit]

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Sex ratio[edit]

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15–64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female

total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant mortality rate[edit]

total: 14.92 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 16.73 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 13.01 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

total population: 75.01 years
male: 72.97 years
female: 77.17 years (2011 est.)

Total fertility rate[edit]

  • Palestinian population: 3.51 children born/woman (2011 est.)
  • Jewish population: 5.07 children born/woman (West Bank alone)[23]

Nationality[edit]

noun: Arabs: Palestinian

Ethnic groups[edit]

Palestinian: 83%
Israeli Jewish and other: 17%

Religions[edit]

Muslim 75% (predominantly Sunni), Christian and other 8%, Jewish 17%[21]

Languages[edit]

Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by Israeli inhabitants and many Palestinians), English (compulsory in schools, widely spoken by Palestinians)

Literacy[edit]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.4%
male: 96.7%
female: 88% (2011 est.)

Demographics of the Gaza Strip[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Population[edit]

1,604,238 (July 2010 est.)[24]

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 44.7% (male 343,988/female 325,856)
15-64 years: 52.7% (male 403,855/female 386,681)
65 years and over: 2.7% (male 16,196/female 23,626) (2008 est.)

Population growth rate[edit]

3.422% (2008 est.)

Birth rate[edit]

39.45 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Mortality rate[edit]

3.8 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Net migration rate[edit]

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Sex ratio[edit]

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Infant mortality rate[edit]

total population: 22.4/1,000 live births
male: 23.48/1,000 live births
female: 21.27/1,000 live births (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

total population: 71.97 years
male: 70.67 years
female: 73.34 years (2006 est.)

Total fertility rate[edit]

5.19 children born/woman (2008 est.)

Nationality[edit]

noun: Palestinians
adjective: Palestinian

Ethnic groups[edit]

Palestinian 99.9

Religions[edit]

Muslim 99.3% (predominantly Sunni), Christian 0.7%[25]

Languages[edit]

Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by many Palestinians), English (widely understood)

Literacy[edit]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 91.9%
male: 96.3%
female: 87.4% (2003 est.)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Resolution 446, Resolution 465, Resolution 484, among others
  2. ^ "Applicability of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, to the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including Jerusalem, and the other occupied Arab territories". United Nations. 17 December 2003. Retrieved 27 September 2006. 
  3. ^ "EU-Settlements Watch". 1 February – 31 July 2002. 
  4. ^ "Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory". International Court of Justice. 9 July 2004. Retrieved 27 September 2006. 
  5. ^ "Conference of High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention: statement by the International Committee of the Red Cross". International Committee of the Red Cross. 5 December 2001. Retrieved 27 September 2006. 
  6. ^ Palestinians in figures 2009 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics May 2010; p. 11
  7. ^ 11.2.2008 Guardian
  8. ^ US Census Bureau International Programs International Data Base IDB West Bank and Gaza
  9. ^ Israel and Palestinian territories country profile BBC 9 March 2011
  10. ^ a b Palestine in Figures 2009 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, May 2010
  11. ^ US Census Bureau International Programs International Data Base IDB West Bank and Gaza
  12. ^ Palestinians in figures 2009 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics May 2010
  13. ^ Palestinians at the End of Year 2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
  14. ^ (July 2010 est.) @ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/we.html . This data plus 1.66 million in Gaza (resulting 4.23 million) agrees with the 4.1 million figure given by the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics @ http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5jtoudRK9JlaH26B1bdZITg6iUfsQ?docId=CNG.f4fa510e3a42ad81ea91bfde88768880.331
  15. ^ Israeli settlers for (2008 est.) (July 2011 est.) [sic] estimation @ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/we.html
  16. ^ Estimation for July 2011 @ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gz.html . This data plus 2.57 million in the West Bank (resulting 4.23 million) agrees with the 4.1 million figure given by the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics @ http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5jtoudRK9JlaH26B1bdZITg6iUfsQ?docId=CNG.f4fa510e3a42ad81ea91bfde88768880.331
  17. ^ http://www.passia.org/palestine_facts/pdf/pdf2008/Population.pdf
  18. ^ As stated in List of sovereign states and dependent territories by population density, in 2010, the total density raised to 681, ranking the 20th biggest of this list.
  19. ^ a b c Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
  20. ^ World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision
  21. ^ a b c d "CIA - The World Factbook: West Bank". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2011-09-27. 
  22. ^ "Selected Statistics on Jerusalem Day 2007 (Hebrew)". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2007-05-14. 
  23. ^ [1] Israeli CBS 2011 data
  24. ^ "CIA - The World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2011-09-27. 
  25. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gz.html

External links[edit]

  • CIA World Fact Book
  • Forbes, Andrew, and Henley, David, People of Palestine (Chiang Mai: Cognoscenti Books, 2012), ASIN: B0094TU8VY
  • PA demographics American-Israel Demographic Research Group