Demographics of the United Arab Emirates

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of the United Arab Emirates, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1950 70,000 —    
1960 90,000 +28.6%
1970 232,000 +157.8%
1980 1,016,000 +337.9%
1990 1,809,000 +78.1%
2000 3,033,000 +67.7%
2010 7,512,000 +147.7%
Source:[1]

Population growth in the United Arab Emirates is among the highest in world, mostly due to immigration. According to census data there was a sevenfold increase between 1975 and 2005.[2]

Emirate census 1975 census 1985 census 1995 census 2005
Abu Dhabi 211,812 566,036 942,463 1,399,484
Dubai 183,187 370,788 689,420 1,321,453
Sharjah 78,790 228,317 402,792 793,573
Ajman 16,690 54,546 121,491 206,997
Umm Al-Quwain 6,908 19,285 35,361 49,159
Ras Al-Khaimah 43,845 96,578 143,334 210,063
Fujairah 16,655 43,753 76,180 125,698
Total 557,887 1,379,303 2,411,041 4,106,427

8,190,000 (2010 National Bureau of Statistics est.)[1] 4,975,593 (according the CIA World Fact Book) note: estimate is based on the results of the 2005 census that included a significantly higher estimate of net immigration of non-citizens than previous estimates (July 2010 est.)

Vital statistics[edit]

UN estimates[3][edit]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR*
1950-1955 4 000 2 000 2 000 49.4 20.8 28.6 6.97 175
1955-1960 4 000 2 000 3 000 49.3 18.0 31.3 6.97 156
1960-1965 5 000 2 000 4 000 46.3 13.2 33.2 6.87 120
1965-1970 8 000 2 000 6 000 41.2 8.7 32.5 6.77 77
1970-1975 12 000 2 000 10 000 32.6 6.4 26.2 6.36 51
1975-1980 23 000 4 000 19 000 29.1 4.6 24.5 5.66 36
1980-1985 36 000 4 000 32 000 30.5 3.7 26.8 5.23 25
1985-1990 45 000 5 000 40 000 28.4 3.1 25.4 4.83 17
1990-1995 48 000 5 000 42 000 23.0 2.5 20.4 3.88 12
1995-2000 49 000 6 000 43 000 18.1 2.1 16.0 2.97 10
2000-2005 57 000 6 000 51 000 16.2 1.7 14.4 2.38 8
2005-2010 81 000 8 000 73 000 14.0 1.4 12.6 1.86 7
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Languages[edit]

A trilingual (Arabic, English, Urdu) signboard in the UAE.

Arabic is the official and national language of the UAE. The Gulf dialect of Arabic is spoken natively by the Emirati people.[4] The Larestani language (Persian dialect) is also spoken natively by some Emiratis.[5] Emirati Sign Language appears to be used by at least part of the deaf community. Apart from Arabic, English is widely used as a second language. Other languages spoken in the UAE, due to immigration, include Urdu, Hindi, Persian, Cebuano, Pashto, Kannada, Malayalam, Bengali, Punjabi, Tamil, Balochi, Russian, Somali, Tagalog, Nepali, , Mandarin and Telugu.

Religions[edit]

Local observers estimate that approximately 55% of the foreign population are Muslim, 25% are Hindu, 10% are Christian, 5% are Buddhist, and 5% (most of whom reside in Dubai and Abu Dhabi) belongs to other religions, including Parsi (Zoroastrian), Baha'i, and Sikh.[6]

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.[7]

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 20.4% (male 500,928/female 478,388)
15–64 years: 78.7% (male 2,768,030/female 1,008,404)
65 years and over: 0.9% (male 27,601/female 15,140)
note: 73.9% of the population in the 15-64 age group is non-national (2010 est.)

Population growth rate[edit]

3.282% (2011 est.)

Net migration rate[edit]

19 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)

The U.A.E at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15–64 years: 2.75 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.8 male(s)/female
total population: 2.2 male(s)/female (2010 est.)

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

total population: 76.33 years
male: 73.75 years
female: 79.01 years (2010 est.)

Total fertility rate[edit]

2.4 children born/woman (2011 est.)

Citizenship[edit]

noun: Emirati(s) (Emirian[s])
adjective: Emirati (Emirian)

Literacy[edit]

Check the Abu Dhabi Education Council.

References[edit]

  1. ^ World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision
  2. ^ UAE in numbers
  3. ^ World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision
  4. ^ Christensen, Shane (2010). Frommer's Dubai. John Wiley & Sons. p. 174. ISBN 978-0470711781. 
  5. ^ "Lari language". 
  6. ^ United Arab Emirates
  7. ^ The World Factbook - United Arab Emirates