Demography of Cornwall

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This article is about all people living in Cornwall. For the ethnic group, see Cornish people.

Cornwall is a unitary authority and ceremonial county of England, in the United Kingdom. At the 2011 census it had a population of 536,000. Cornwall is the homeland of the Cornish people and many within Cornwall identify with a Cornish ethnic or national identity, although due to Cornwall's political status as part of England, the United Kingdom and the European Union, as well as in-migration from other parts of the UK and EU, additional identities such as English, British and European may also be adopted.

Ethnicity[edit]

In the 2011 census, the following results were given for ethnic identity.[1] The option to describe ethnicity as Cornish was officially advertised within Cornwall, as well as tickboxes for English, Welsh, Scottish, Northern Irish and British on the census form, however these were all amalgamated into White British for the purposes of the census results.

  • White (Cornish/English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British): 95.7%
  • White (Irish): 0.4%
  • White (Gypsy or Irish Traveller): 0.1%
  • White (Other White): 2.0%
  • Mixed (White and Black Caribbean): 0.2%
  • Mixed (White and Black African): 0.1%
  • Mixed (White and Asian): 0.3%
  • Mixed (Other Mixed): 0.2%
  • Asian/Asian British (Indian): 0.2%
  • Asian/Asian British (Pakistani): 0.0%
  • Asian/Asian British (Bangladeshi): 0.1%
  • Asian/Asian British (Chinese): 0.2%
  • Asian/Asian British (Other Asian): 0.2%
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British (African): 0.1%
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British (Caribbean): 0.1%
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British (Other Black): 0.0%
  • Other (Arab): 0.0%
  • Other (Other): 0.1%

National identity[edit]

In the 2011 census, the following results were given for national identity.[1] 'Cornish' was not provided as a tickbox on the census form, which it has been argued results in an undercount of Cornish national identity, although it was allocated a separate category in the results.

The percentage of respondents who gave "Cornish" as an answer to the National Identity question in the 2011 census.
  • All categories: 532,273
  • Cornish only identity: 52,793
  • Cornish and British only identity: 5,185
  • Cornish and at least one of English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish identities (with or without British): 15,242
  • No Cornish identity: 459,053
  • English only identity: 315,525
  • English and British only identity: 37,086
  • Other English combined background identity: 16,970
  • No English identity: 162,692
  • Welsh only identity: 4,401
  • Welsh and British only identity: 624
  • Other Welsh combined background identity: 545
  • No Welsh identity: 526,703
  • Scottish only identity: 3,697
  • Scottish and British only identity: 569
  • Other Scottish combined background identity: 392
  • No Scottish identity: 527,615
  • Northern Irish only identity: 788
  • Northern Irish and British only identity: 0
  • Other Northern Irish combined background identity: 0
  • No Northern Irish identity: 531,239
  • British only identity: 81,361
  • British and any other identity: 48,923
  • No British identity: 401,719
  • Irish only identity: 1,248
  • Irish and British only identity: 57
  • Irish and Northern Irish only identity: 10
  • Irish, Northern Irish and British only identity: 7
  • Irish and at least one of English/Welsh/Scottish identities (with or without British): 139
  • Irish, Northern Irish and at least one of English/Welsh/Scottish identities (with or without British): 139
  • No Irish identity: 530,811
  • Other identities only: 64,822
  • Other identities and at least one of English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British only: 22,134
  • At least one of English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British identities only: 445,317

Country of birth[edit]

In the 2011 census, the following results were given for country of birth.[1]

  • United Kingdom: 95.6%
    • England: 92.7%
    • Wales: 1.4%
    • Scotland: 1.2%
    • Northern Ireland: 0.3%
    • United Kingdom not otherwise specified: 0.0%
  • Ireland: 0.3%
  • Other EU countries: 1.8%
    • EU member states in March 2001: 1.0%
    • EU accession states April 2001 to March 2011: 0.8%
  • Other: 2.4%

Religion[edit]

In the 2011 census, the following results were given for religion.[1]

  • Christian: 59.8%
  • Buddhist: 0.3%
  • Hindu: 0.2%
  • Jewish: 0.2%
  • Muslim: 0.0%
  • Sikh: 0.0%
  • Other religion: 0.7%
  • No religion: 30.3%
  • Religion not stated: 8.5%

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d 2011 Census Results