Demography of Greater Manchester

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Population density in the 2011 census in Greater Manchester.

The demography of Greater Manchester is analysed by the Office for National Statistics and data is produced for each of its ten metropolitan boroughs, each of the Greater Manchester electoral wards, the NUTS3 statistical sub-regions, each of the Parliamentary constituencies in Greater Manchester, the 15 civil parishes in Greater Manchester, and for all of Greater Manchester as a whole; the latter of which had a population of 2,682,500 at the 2011 UK census.[1] Additionally, data is produced for the Greater Manchester Urban Area. Statistical information is produced about the size and geographical breakdown of the population, the number of people entering and leaving country and the number of people in each demographic subgroup.

Key statistics[edit]

Greater Manchester Compared[2][3]
UK Census 2001(ethnicity, 2005 estimates[4]) Greater Manchester North West (Region) England
Total population 2,547,700 6,729,764 49,138,831
Foreign born 7.2% 5.0% 9.2%
White 88.9% 92.9% 89.1%
Asian 6.5% 4.1% 5.3%
Black 1.7% 1.0% 2.7%
Christian 74% 78% 72%
Muslim 5.0% 3.0% 3.1%
Hindu 0.7% 0.4% 1.1%
No religion 11% 10% 15%
Over 75 years old 7.0% 7.4% 7.5%
Unemployed 3.5% 3.6% 3.3%

Compared against the demography of England, Greater Manchester's demographics are broadly inline with national averages on many topics. In terms of ethnicity, its Asian and British Asian population is considerably above the regional and national averages, as is the portion of residents who identify as Muslim. Compared against the demography of the United Kingdom, Greater Manchester's ethnic minority population consists of 11.09% of the total population.[5] NB. Information in the table on the right is from the 2001 census and not the most recent 2011 census.

Population change[edit]

The population of Greater Manchester increased from around 328 thousand in 1801, to 2.5 million in 2001, peaking in 2011, at 2.7 million. 2011 census data shows a population of 2,685,400

The following is a table outlining population totals of the area for every ten years since 1801, using material from the census in the United Kingdom via the Great Britain Historical GIS; pre-1974 statistics were gathered from local government areas that now comprise Greater Manchester. The total population of Greater Manchester is predicted to grow to around 2,950,000 by 2031, with the City of Manchester alone accounting for 36% of the growth.[6]

Year Population Year Population Year Population
1801
328,609
1871
1,590,102
1941
2,693,775
1811
409,464
1881
1,866,649
1951
2,688,987
1821
526,230
1891
2,125,318
1961
2,699,711
1831
700,486
1901
2,357,150
1971
2,729,741
1841
860,413
1911
2,617,598
1981
2,575,441
1851
1,037,001
1921
2,660,088
1991
2,569,700
1861
1,313,550
1931
2,707,070
2001
2,482,352
2011
2,685,400
Source: A Vision of Britain through Time.[7]

Boroughs[edit]

Manchester has always been vastly more populous than any other district of Greater Manchester.

According to the 2011 census, of Greater Manchester's ten metropolitan boroughs, the City of Manchester is the most populous with a population of 503,127, whilst the Metropolitan Borough of Bury is the least populous with 185,100. The City of Manchester's population in 2021 is predicted at 532,200.[8] The city experienced the greatest percentage population growth outside London, with an increase of 19% to over 500,000.[9] Manchester's population is projected to reach 532,200 by 2021, an increase of 5.8% from 2011. This represents a slower rate of growth than the previous decade.[8]

In terms of ethnic composition, the City of Manchester has the highest non-white population in Greater Manchester (34th in England), followed by the metropolitan boroughs of Oldham (45th in England), Rochdale (53rd in England), and Trafford (68th in England). Wigan is the least ethnically diverse borough in the county, and 274th in England.

The Metropolitan Borough of Oldham is the borough with the highest proportion of people under fifteen years of age.[10] Almost 12% of people in the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham are of South Asian heritage, the highest proportion of a borough of Greater Manchester.[10]

With greater affluence, a recent trend has seen the some of the Pakistani community move out of the inner city into more spacious suburbs. In South Manchester this means that they have been moving from Longsight/Levenshulme to more suburban areas such as Cheadle, Chorlton and Heaton Mersey. The inner city areas that are being left are generally filled with newer immigrants from places like Iran, Afghanistan and Poland.[2] [3][4][5]

Rank
2011
Rank
2001
Metropolitan district Population in 2011 Change 2001-2011
1 1 Manchester 503,127 Increase028.1%
2 2 Wigan 317,800 Increase05.4%
3 3 Stockport 283,300 Decrease00.4%
4 4 Bolton 276,800 Increase06.0%
5 6 Salford 233,900 Increase08.2%
6 8 Trafford 226,600 Increase07.8%
7 5 Oldham 224,900 Increase03.5%
8 7 Tameside 219,300 Increase02.9%
9 9 Rochdale 211,700 Increase03.2%
10 10 Bury 185,100 Increase02.5%

Ethnicity[edit]

The following table shows the ethnic group of respondents in the 2001 and 2011 censuses in Greater Manchester.

Ethnic Group 2001[11] 2011[12]
Number % Number %
White: British 2,183,096 87.95% 2,141,687 79.84%
White: Irish 42,646 1.72% 34,499 1.29%
White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller[Note 1] 1,523 0.06%
White: Other 34,765 1.40% 70,414 2.62%
White: Total 2,260,507 91.06% 2,248,123 83.81%
Asian or Asian British: Indian 35,931 1.45% 53,461 1.99%
Asian or Asian British: Pakistani 75,187 3.03% 130,012 4.85%
Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi 20,064 0.81% 34,186 1.27%
Asian or Asian British: Chinese 11,858 0.48% 26,079 0.97%
Asian or Asian British: Other Asian 8,836 0.36% 28,435 1.06%
Asian or Asian British: Total 151,876 6.12% 272,173 10.15%
Black or Black British: Caribbean 16,233 0.65% 17,767 0.66%
Black or Black British: African 10,255 0.41% 44,691 1.67%
Black or Black British: Other Black 3,259 0.13% 11,639 0.43%
Black or Black British: Total 29,747 1.20% 74,097 2.76%
Mixed: White and Black Caribbean 13,104 0.53% 23,131 0.86%
Mixed: White and Black African 4,860 0.20% 9,997 0.37%
Mixed: White and Asian 8,547 0.34% 15,657 0.58%
Mixed: Other Mixed 6,390 0.26% 11,925 0.44%
Mixed: Total 32,901 1.33% 60,710 2.26%
Other: Arab[Note 2] 15,026 0.56%
Other: Any other ethnic group 7,297 0.29% 12,399 0.46%
Other: Total 7,297 0.29% 27,425 1.02%
Total 2,482,328 100.00% 2,682,528 100.00%
  1. ^ In 2001 part of the 'White: Other' category. New category created for the 2011 census
  2. ^ In 2001 part of the 'Other' category. New category created for the 2011 census
Distribution of ethnic groups in Greater Manchester according to the 2011 census.
White 
White-British (English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British) 
White-Irish 
White-Other 
Asian 
Asian-Indian 
Asian-Pakistani 
Asian-Bangladeshi 
Asian-Chinese 
Black 
Black-African 
Black-Caribbean 
Other-Arab 

Languages[edit]

The most common main languages spoken in Greater Manchester according to the 2011 census are shown below.[13]

Rank Language Usual residents aged 3+ Proportion
1 English 2,370,094 92.12%
2 Urdu 31,712 1.23%
3 Polish 21,231 0.83%
4 Bengali (with Sylheti and Chatgaya) 16,946 0.66%
5 Panjabi 16,189 0.63%
6 Gujarati 11,651 0.45%
7 Arabic 10,914 0.42%
8 Persian/Farsi 5,654 0.22%
9 French 4,924 0.19%
10 Somali 3,868 0.15%
11 Kurdish 3,656 0.14%
12 Portuguese 3,620 0.14%
13 Cantonese Chinese 3,440 0.13%
14 Spanish 3,252 0.13%
15 Pashto 2,684 0.10%
16 Italian 2,292 0.09%
17 Greek 2,199 0.09%
18 Czech 2,129 0.08%
19 German 2,088 0.08%
20 Pakistani Pahari (with Mirpuri and Potwari) 1,991 0.08%
Other 52,197 2.03%

Religion[edit]

The following table shows the religion of respondents in the 2001 and 2011 censuses in Greater Manchester.

Religion 2001[14] 2011[15]
Number % Number %
Christian 1,840,599 74.15% 1,657,594 61.79%
Buddhist 5,156 0.21% 9,555 0.36%
Hindu 17,260 0.70% 23,478 0.88%
Jewish 21,733 0.88% 25,013 0.93%
Muslim 125,219 5.04% 232,787 8.68%
Sikh 3,720 0.15% 5,322 0.20%
Other religion 4,301 0.17% 7,429 0.28%
No religion 281,273 11.33% 557,129 20.77%
Religion not stated 183,067 7.37% 164,221 6.12%
Total 2,482,328 100.00% 2,682,528 100.00%
Distribution of religions in Greater Manchester according to the 2011 census.
Christianity 
Islam 
Judaism 
Hinduism 
Sikhism 
Buddhism 
Other religion 
No religion 

Eurostat NUTS[edit]

In the Eurostat Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS), Greater Manchester is a level-2 NUTS region, coded "UKD3", which is subdivided into the "Greater Manchester South" (UKD31) and "Greater Manchester North" (UKD32) level-3 regions.

Urban and metropolitan area[edit]

At the 2001 census, the population of the Greater Manchester Urban Area was 2,240,230.[16] This area does not include some outliers within Greater Manchester, such as Wigan, but does extend into the adjacent counties of Lancashire and Cheshire. Eurostat has developed a harmonising standard for comparing metropolitan areas in the European Union and the population of the Greater Manchester Larger Urban Zone is 2,600,100; it occupies an area of 1,280 square kilometres (490 sq mi). The Greater Manchester LUZ is the second most populous within the United Kingdom, behind that of London, and sixteenth most populous within the EU.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "2011 Census, Greater Manchester Gets Bigger". manchesterconfidential.co.uk. 18 July 2012. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  2. ^ United Kingdom Census 2001 (17 January 2007). "2001 Census; Key facts sheets". manchester.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007. Retrieved 10 July 2007. 
  3. ^ United Kingdom Census 2001 (2001). "Greater Manchester (Health Authority)". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 10 July 2007. 
  4. ^ Lead View Table
  5. ^ [1].
  6. ^ Times Books 2010, p. 192.
  7. ^ A Vision of Britain through time. "Greater Manchester Met.C: Total Population". Retrieved 6 April 2007. 
  8. ^ a b http://www.manchester.gov.uk/downloads/download/4220/public_intelligence_population_publications
  9. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-18853714
  10. ^ a b "BOROUGH PROFILE: Oldham". Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service. 2002. Archived from the original on 18 May 2007. Retrieved 10 February 2007. 
  11. ^ "2001 census - theme tables". NOMIS. Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "Download:local authorities: county / unitary". NOMIS. Retrieved 2 September 2014. 
  13. ^ "Download:local authorities: county / unitary". NOMIS. Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  14. ^ "2001 census - theme tables". Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  15. ^ "Download:local authorities: county / unitary". NOMIS. Retrieved 2 September 2014. 
  16. ^ Key Statistics for urban areas in England and Wales, 2001 Census. URL accessed 21 February 2007.

Bibliography[edit]