Demography of Greater Manchester
The demography of Greater Manchester is analysed by the Office for National Statistics and data is produced for each of its ten metropolitan boroughs, each of the Greater Manchester electoral wards, the NUTS3 statistical sub-regions, each of the Parliamentary constituencies in Greater Manchester, the 15 civil parishes in Greater Manchester, and for all of Greater Manchester as a whole; the latter of which had a population of 2,682,500 at the 2011 UK census. Additionally, data is produced for the Greater Manchester Urban Area. Statistical information is produced about the size and geographical breakdown of the population, the number of people entering and leaving country and the number of people in each demographic subgroup.
|This section requires expansion. (June 2008)|
|Greater Manchester Compared|
|UK Census 2001(ethnicity, 2005 estimates)||Greater Manchester||North West (Region)||England|
|Over 75 years old||7.0%||7.4%||7.5%|
Compared against the demography of England, Greater Manchester's demographics are broadly inline with national averages on many topics. In terms of ethnicity, its Asian and British Asian population is considerably above the regional and national averages, as is the portion of residents who identify as Muslim. Compared against the demography of the United Kingdom, Greater Manchester's ethnic minority population consists of 11.09% of the total population.
The following is a table outlining population totals of the area for every ten years since 1801, using material from the census in the United Kingdom via the Great Britain Historical GIS; pre-1974 statistics were gathered from local government areas that now comprise Greater Manchester. The total population of Greater Manchester is predicted to grow to around 2,950,000 by 2031, with the City of Manchester alone accounting for 36% of the growth.
|Source: A Vision of Britain through Time.|
|This section requires expansion. (June 2008)|
According to the 2001 national census, Greater Manchester's ten metropolitan boroughs, the City of Manchester is the most populous with a population of 441,200, whilst the Metropolitan Borough of Bury is the least populous with 183,500. The City of Manchester's population in 2011 is predicted at just under half-a-million at 498,000 and is the fastest growing of any British city.
In terms of ethnic composition, the City of Manchester has the highest non-white population in Greater Manchester (34th in England), followed by the metropolitan boroughs of Oldham (45th in England), Rochdale (53rd in England), and Trafford (68th in England). Wigan is the least ethnically diverse borough in the county, and 274th in England.
The Metropolitan Borough of Oldham is the borough with the highest proportion of people under fifteen years of age. Almost 12% of people in the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham are of South Asian heritage, the highest proportion of a borough of Greater Manchester.
With greater affluence, a recent trend has seen the some of the Pakistani community move out of the inner city into more spacious suburbs. In South Manchester this means that they have been moving from Longsight/Levenshulme to more suburban areas such as Cheadle, Chorlton and Heaton Mersey. Due to some of these suburbs having high house prices, the Pakistanis who live there tend to be of later generation with successful/professional careers. The inner city areas that are being left are generally filled with newer immigrants from places like Iran,Afghanistan and Poland. 
|Rank||Metropolitan district||Population in 2001|
2005 estimates of ethnic groups in Greater Manchester.
- White - 2,261,200 (88.91%)
- Mixed Race - 39,700 (1.56%)
- White and Black Caribbean - 14,400 (0.57%)
- White and Black African - 6,000 (0.24%)
- White and South Asian - 10,900 (0.43%)
- Mixed Other - 8,100 (0.32%)
- South Asian - 165,700 (6.52%)
- Black - 43,600 (1.71%)
- East Asian and Other - 33,300 (1.31%)
In the Eurostat Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS), Greater Manchester is a level-2 NUTS region, coded "UKD3", which is subdivided into the "Greater Manchester South" (UKD31) and "Greater Manchester North" (UKD32) level-3 regions.
Urban and metropolitan area
At the 2001 census, the population of the Greater Manchester Urban Area was 2,240,230. This area does not include some outliers within Greater Manchester, such as Wigan, but does extend into the adjacent counties of Lancashire and Cheshire. Eurostat has developed a harmonising standard for comparing metropolitan areas in the European Union and the population of the Greater Manchester Larger Urban Zone is 2,600,100; it occupies an area of 1,280 square kilometres (490 sq mi). The Greater Manchester LUZ is the second most populous within the United Kingdom, behind that of London, and sixteenth most populous within the EU.
- "2011 Census, Greater Manchester Gets Bigger". manchesterconfidential.co.uk. 2012-07-18. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- United Kingdom Census 2001 (2007-01-17). "2001 Census; Key facts sheets". manchester.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 2007-10-07. Retrieved 2007-07-10.
- United Kingdom Census 2001 (2001). "Greater Manchester (Health Authority)". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2007-07-10.
- Lead View Table
- Times Books 2010, p. 192.
- A Vision of Britain through time. "Greater Manchester Met.C: Total Population". Retrieved 2007-04-06.
- Walsh, Pamela (2 July 2011). "Mapped: Population hits a high as thousands flock to Manchester". Manchester Evening News. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
- "BOROUGH PROFILE: Oldham". Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service. 2002. Archived from the original on 2007-05-18. Retrieved 2007-02-10.
- Key Statistics for urban areas in England and Wales, 2001 Census. URL accessed February 21, 2007.