Denbies Wine Estate

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Vines at Denbies, looking towards Ranmore Common (taken in autumn). Denbies house would have been visible on the brow of the hill.

Denbies Wine Estate near Dorking, Surrey has the largest vineyard in England with 265 acres (1.07 km2) under vines, representing more than 10 per cent of the plantings in the whole of the United Kingdom. It has a visitors' centre that attracts around 300,000 visitors a year.


The estate is named for an early owner called John Denby. Originally Denbies was a farmhouse. In the mid-18th century it was rebuilt as a gentleman's residence by Jonathan Tyers, proprietor of Vauxhall Gardens near London. Tyer's own garden at Denbies was a startling contrast with the frivolities of Vauxhall, being adorned with memento mori ("reminders of death"). The property passed through several other hands, and in the 1850s it was rebuilt on a larger scale by the preeminent Victorian master builder, Thomas Cubitt. He was visited at Denbies by Prince Albert, who planted a commemorative tree which survived until the Great Storm of 1990. The house remained in the Cubitt family until the Second World War, when it was requisitioned by the military. In the 1950s Cubitt's great grandson decided to demolish the house as he lacked the funds to restore and maintain it. He converted the laundry and gardener’s house into a smaller Regency-style house. In 1984 the estate was purchased by local businessman Adrian White.

Wine production[edit]

Denbies is situated on the North Downs, which are a range of chalk hills, and the topsoil consists of fertile loam interspersed with flints. From 1986 to 1989 White had the south-facing slopes planted with vines, which cover 265 acres (1.07 km2) of the 627-acre (2.54 km2) estate, the remainder of which is woodland and pasture. The average yield is 300,000 litres of wine per year.

Around 65 per cent of Denbies' wine is sold at the visitors' centre, with the remainder being sold to supermarkets, wholesalers and through mail order.

In 2010 Denbies Chalk Ridge Rosé won the IWC international Gold award beating more than 360 competitors from 21 countries. The IWC wine challenge is the world's biggest and most influential wine competition.[1][2]


Visitor Centre[edit]

Visitor centre, with tour bus

The visitors' centre occupies a double courtyard building in the local vernacular style. It features a working winery which visitors walk through while listening to commentary and having questions answered by an expert tour guide, wine cellars, 360° cinema, art gallery, lecture room, two restaurants and a shop. In the summer there are also tours of the vineyards themselves.

Lego House[edit]

The Denbies Vineyard was the location chosen for James May's Lego House, which was built as part of the James May's Toy Stories BBC television series. The house has since been taken down, as a buyer for it could not be found.

Denbies Guest House[edit]

The estate runs Denbies Guest House in one its farmhouses and a kitchen garden centre. It offers venues and catering for corporate functions and weddings.

Surrey Performing Arts Library[edit]

The Surrey Performing Arts Library is located on the estate and brings together major collections of materials covering music, dance, theatre and cinema. Material is available on loan.


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External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°14′52″N 0°19′54″W / 51.2477°N 0.3318°W / 51.2477; -0.3318