The Noble Dendrobium, Dendrobium nobile, is a member of the family Orchidaceae. It has become a popular cultivated decorative house plant, because it produces colourful blooms in winter and spring, at at time when little else is in flower. It is also one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine, know as shí hú (Chinese: 石斛) or shí hú lán (Chinese: 石斛兰). Dendrobium nobile is one of the most widespread ornamental members of orchid family. Its blooms are variagated in colour, shading from white through pink and purple, and the many different cultivated varieties produce different sized and coloured blooms.
It is a terrestrial or lithophytic plant from the Himalaya, Assam, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam that is found in lowland and mountain forests, often on mossy limestone rocks. It has strap-shaped, persistent leaves, and blooms mostly in winter and spring. It produces short, 2 to 4 flowered racemes, fragrant, waxy, and highly variable in color, arising from the upper nodes of leafed and leafless canes.
Dendrobium nobile is a sympodial orchid which forms pseudobulbs. When the life cycle of the mother plant ends it produces little offsets, continuing the life of the plant. The new plant then goes through the same cycle. The stem is erect and during the flowering period blooms form along the whole length of the stem. This seed contains is monocot that is it forms only a single leaf, and the plant has thin white roots which attach themselves to another plant or object making it an epiphytic plant.
^Hwang JS, Lee SA, Hong SS, Han XH, Lee C, Kang SJ, Lee D, Kim Y, Hong JT, Lee MK, Hwang BY,."Phenanthrenes from Dendrobium nobile and their inhibition of the LPS-induced production of nitric oxide in macrophage RAW 264.7 cells. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2010 Jun 15;20(12):3785-7
There are a number of national orchid societies which give advice about the cultivation of Dendrobium nobile and other orchid varieties. The American Orchid Society: https://www.aos.org The Orchid Society of Great Britain: http://www.osgb.org.uk