Dendrocalamus

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Dendrocalamus
Bambusa-vulgaris.web.jpg
Dendrocalamus spp.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Supertribe: Bambusodae
Tribe: Bambuseae
Subtribe: Bambusinae
Genus: Dendrocalamus
Nees
Type species
Dendrocalamus strictus
(Roxb.) Nees
Synonyms[1]

Dendrocalamus is a tropical Asian genus of giant clumping bamboo in the grass family.[2][3] It is found in the Indian Subcontinent, China, and Southeast Asia.[4]

Dendrocalamus giganteus is one of the tallest of bamboos, capable of reaching heights up to 46 m.[5][6]

Species[1][7]
  1. Dendrocalamus asper - S China, SE Asia, Indian Subcontinent
  2. Dendrocalamus bambusoides - Yunnan
  3. Dendrocalamus barbatus - Yunnan
  4. Dendrocalamus bengkalisensis - Riau Is
  5. Dendrocalamus birmanicus - Yunnan, Myanmar
  6. Dendrocalamus brandisii - Yunnan , Indochina, Andaman Is
  7. Dendrocalamus buar - Sumatra
  8. Dendrocalamus calostachyus - Arunachal Pradesh, Bhutan, Yunnan, Myanmar
  9. Dendrocalamus cinctus - Sri Lanka
  10. Dendrocalamus collettianus - Myanmar
  11. Dendrocalamus detinens - Myanmar
  12. Dendrocalamus dumosus - Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia
  13. Dendrocalamus elegans - Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia
  14. Dendrocalamus exauritus - Guangxi
  15. Dendrocalamus farinosus - Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan, Vietnam
  16. Dendrocalamus fugongensis - Yunnan
  17. Dendrocalamus giganteus - Yunnan, Assam, West Bengal, Laos, Myanmar; naturalized in Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Cambodia, Thailand, Ecuador, Trinidad, Puerto Rico
  18. Dendrocalamus hait - Sumatra
  19. Dendrocalamus hamiltonii - Yunnan, Nepal, eastern Himalayas, northern Indochina
  20. Dendrocalamus hirtellus - Peninsular Malaysia
  21. Dendrocalamus hookeri - eastern Himalayas, Myanmar
  22. Dendrocalamus jianshuiensis - Yunnan
  23. Dendrocalamus khoonmengii - Thailand
  24. Dendrocalamus latiflorus - southern China, northern Indochina; naturalized in Ryukyu Is, Bonin Is, Cuba, Brazil
  25. Dendrocalamus liboensis - Guizhou
  26. Dendrocalamus longispathus - Indochina, Assam, Bangladesh
  27. Dendrocalamus macroculmis - Vietnam
  28. Dendrocalamus manipureanus - Manipur
  29. Dendrocalamus membranaceus - Indochina, Yunnan, Bangladesh
  30. Dendrocalamus menglongensis - Guangdong
  31. Dendrocalamus merrillianus - Philippines
  32. Dendrocalamus messeri - Myanmar
  33. Dendrocalamus minor - Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou
  34. Dendrocalamus nudus - Thailand
  35. Dendrocalamus pachystachys - Yunnan
  36. Dendrocalamus parishii - western Himalayas
  37. Dendrocalamus parvigemma - Vietnam
  38. Dendrocalamus peculiaris - Yunnan
  39. Dendrocalamus pendulus - Peninsular Malaysia
  40. Dendrocalamus poilanei - Vietnam
  41. Dendrocalamus pulverulentus - Guangdong
  42. Dendrocalamus sahnii - Arunachal Pradesh
  43. Dendrocalamus semiscandens - Yunnan
  44. Dendrocalamus sericeus - Bihar, Laos, Vietnam
  45. Dendrocalamus sikkimensis - Sikkim, Bhutan, Arunachal Pradesh, Yunnan
  46. Dendrocalamus sinicus - Yunnan, Laos
  47. Dendrocalamus sinuatus - Peninsular Malaysia, Laos, Vietnam
  48. Dendrocalamus somdevae - Uttarakhand
  49. Dendrocalamus strictus - India, Indochina; naturalized in West Indies, Java, Malaysia, some islands in Indian Ocean
  50. Dendrocalamus suberosus - Guangdong
  51. Dendrocalamus tibeticus - Tibet, Yunnan
  52. Dendrocalamus tomentosus - Yunnan
  53. Dendrocalamus triamus - Guangdong
  54. Dendrocalamus tsiangii - Sichuan, Guangxi, Guizhou
  55. Dendrocalamus wabo - Myanmar
  56. Dendrocalamus xishuangbannaensis - Yunnan, Vietnam
  57. Dendrocalamus yunnanicus
formerly included[1]

see Ampelocalamus Bambusa Gigantochloa Neololeba Pseudoxytenanthera

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Nees von Esenbeck, Christian Gottfried Daniel. 1835. Linnaea 9(4): 476-477 in Latin
  3. ^ Tropicos, Dendrocalamus Nees
  4. ^ Flora of China, Vol. 22 Page 39, 牡竹属 mu zhu shu Dendrocalamus Nees, Linnaea. 9: 476. 1835.
  5. ^ Bamboos Of India, [1]. Accessed 8 June 2007
  6. ^ Bioone
  7. ^ The Plant List search for Dendrocalamus