Dendrochirotida

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Dendrochirotida
Pseudocolochirus axiologus.jpg
Pseudocolochirus violaceus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Subclass: Dendrochirotacea
Order: Dendrochirotida
Families

(See Text)

Dendrochirotida are an order of sea cucumbers. Members of this order have branched tentacles and are suspension feeders. Examples are Thyonella and Cucumaria.

Characteristics[edit]

Holothurians in this order are characterised by ten to thirty much branched tentacles which are sometimes digitate. They also have ring structures composed of ten calcareous plates circling the pharynx. They have both retractor and introvert muscles which means they can retract the tentacles into the mouth when not feeding.[1] The body wall is either firm with large ossicles or of a soft consistency with few ossicles. In some genera the animals attach themselves to hard surfaces but in others they burrow into soft sediments. Prey is captured by the sticky tentacles and transferred to the mouth. The larvae are lecithotrophic, not feeding on plankton but surviving only on materials already present in the eggs until they settle and become juveniles.[2]

Taxonomy[edit]

Order: Dendrochirotida



References[edit]