Dendrochori (Greek: Δενδροχώρι, old names: Greek: Ντύμπενη, Dymbeni; Macedonian: Д’мбени, D'mbeni or Дъмбени, Dambeni) is a village in the community Kastraki in the Kastoria regional unit, the region West Macedonia, Greece. Dendrochori is located approximately 10 km northwest of Kastoria and 6 km east of the center of the community Kastraki — the village Ieropigi. Dendrohori has 349 inhabitants (2001).
In the book “Ethnographie des Vilayets d'Adrianople, de Monastir et de Salonique”, published in Constantinople in 1878, that reflects the statistics of the male population in 1873, Dëmbini was noted as a village with 280 households and 800 Bulgarian inhabitants. In the same year all of the inhabitants were Greek Orthodox and none of them had turned to the Bulgarian Exarchate. In 1886 the Greek school of Dymbeni was still operating. In 1905, all of its inhabitants turned to Bulgarian Exarchate.
Dendrohori was a Bulgarian village of 1650 inhabitants at the beginning of the 20th century. Until 1878 the teaching in the local school was in Greek language. In 1878 Trpo Popovski from neighbour village Kosinec (Ieropigi) started to teach the local pupils the Bulgarian language. There were two Bulgarian schools in the village in the beginning of 20th century.
Subsequently it was one of the first Slavic villages to revolt against the Ottoman Empire in the Ilinden Uprising of 1903, for which the Turkish army exacted heavy reprisals, killing many of the villagers and burning it to the ground. However a stand at the nearby Battle of Lokvata in which the villagers inflicted disproportionate casualties on a much larger Turkish force became a nationalist rallying point and served as the basis for a poem by Lazar Poptrajkov.
The village sided with Bulgaria during the Balkan Wars and the First World War, but became part of Greece following the First Balkan War. From the 1930s and especially 1940s many of its citizens became active in Macedonian separatist and Communist groups, the latter due to the Communists' advocacy on behalf of equal rights for ethnic minorities. The village sided with the National Liberation Front on the Communist side during the Greek Civil War, and was destroyed when the Communists lost the war. Most villagers were forced into exile, and the village was repopulated mainly with Vlach refugees from Epirus.
- Christos Gioumbroukis, Greek Macedonian fighter
- Lazar Poptrajkov, komitadji and poet
- Christodoulos Papadimitriou, Greek Macedonian fighter
- Дневник на костурския войвода Лазар Киселинчев, съставител Христофор Тзавелла, с. 312
- „Македония и Одринско. Статистика на населението от 1873 г.“ Македонски научен институт, 1995. стр. 106-107.
- Georgios Lithoxoou, Kastoria villages
- Report of the International Commission to Inquire into the Causes and Conduct of the Balkan Wars, published by the Endowment Washington, D.C. 1914, p. 197
- Васил Кънчов. „Македония. Етнография и статистика“, 1900, с.265 (Kanchov, Vasil. Macedonia — ethnography and statistics Sofia, 1900, p. 265),
- Поповски, Търпо. Македонски дневник,2006, с. 32 (Popovski, Trpo. Macedonian diary, Sofia 2006, p. 32)
- D.M.Brancoff. "La Macedoine et sa Population Chretienne". Paris, 1905, p.180-181.
- Iakovos D. Michailidis (2000). "On the Other Side of the River: The Defeated Slavophones and Greek History". In Jane K. Cowan. Macedonia: The Politics of Identity and Difference. Pluto Press. pp. 74–75. ISBN 0-7453-1589-5.