Deng Pufang

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Deng.
Deng Pufang
Vice Chairman of the CPPCC
Incumbent
Assumed office
2008
Serving with Wang Gang, Liao Hui, Du Qinglin, Pagbalha Geleg Namgyai, Ma Mankei, Bai Lichen, Chen Kuiyuan, Abdul'ahat Abdulrixit, Li Zhaozhuo, Huang Mengfu, Tung Chee-hwa, Zhang Meiying, Zhang Yungming, Qian Yunlu, Sun Jiazhen, Li Jinhua, Zheng Mantong, Wan Gang, Lin Wenyi, Li Wuwei, Luo Fuhe, Chen Zhongxin, Wang Zhizhen, He Houhua
Chairman of the China Disabled Persons Federation
In office
1988–2008
Succeeded by Zhang Haidi
Personal details
Born (1944-04-16) April 16, 1944 (age 70)
Alma mater Peking University

Deng Pufang (simplified Chinese: 邓朴方; traditional Chinese: 鄧樸方; pinyin: Dèng Pǔfāng) (born 16 April 1944) is the first son of China's former Paramount leader Deng Xiaoping.[1] He is mostly known for being crippled by the Red Guards and becoming a paraplegic. He has since dedicated his life to improving the rights of people with disabilities.[2]

Biography[edit]

Deng Pufang was born to Deng Xiaoping and Zhuo Lin, his third wife, in Zuoquan, Jinzhong, Shanxi. He is considered a member of the Crown Prince Party.

Paralyzing injury[edit]

During the Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping and his family were targeted by Mao Zedong. He was branded as a capitalist roader.[1] In one session, he was forced to kneel to the ground with his arm stretched out behind him and over his head. His family watched as the guards forced him to confess to capitalist ways of thinking.[3]

Mao's Red Guards then imprisoned Deng Pufang. He was tortured and thrown out of the window of a three-story building at Beijing University in 1968, but some sources claimed he may have fallen or jumped out of the window himself.[1][2][3][4] His back broken, he was rushed to the hospital, but was denied admission. By the time he reached another clinic, he was paralyzed.[3] He remains a paraplegic, using a wheelchair.[1][2]

With regard to his views on the Cultural Revolution, Deng Pufang once said, "The generation of the Cultural Revolution is in no sense a lost generation, as is often said. Quite to the contrary. All those who passed through that testing have been toughened. These people think a great deal, and have their own ideas. They are firm in their convictions, and show initiative. To my way of thinking this generation represents a trump card for China and for the reforms which they have set in motion." [5]

Post-injury work[edit]

In 1984 Deng Pufang established the China Welfare Fund for the Disabled. Then, he founded and became the chairman of the China Disabled Persons' Federation in 1988.[1] In 1987, he was the prime mover behind a national survey for people with disabilities.[1] In 1990, he led to the formation of the Chinese Rehabilitation and Research Association for the Mentally Disabled. In 1991, legislation was passed to recognize mental illness as a disability.[1]

He was awarded the United Nations Human Rights Prize in December 2003 for his work in protecting the rights of people with disabilities in China.[6]

The International Paralympic Committee awarded Deng the Paralympic Order at their November 2005 meeting in Beijing.[7] It was the first year the award was offered to one recipient only; in the past, gold, silver, and bronze medals were awarded.[citation needed]

Deng also helped organize the 2008 Beijing Olympics as the executive president of the Beijing Organizing Committee.[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Pearson, Veronica. Royal College of Psychiatrists. [1995] (1995). RCPsych Publications. ISBN 0-902241-74-5. pg 88
  2. ^ a b c Sabriye Tenberken; Rosemary Mahoney (2013). My path leads to Tibet: the inspiring story of the blind woman who brought hope to the blind children of Tibet. W W Norton. ISBN 9781611458893. 
  3. ^ a b c Stewart, Whitney. (2001). Deng Xiaoping: Leader in a Changing China. Twenty-First Century Books. ISBN 0-8225-4962-X pg 72
  4. ^ Len Barton, ed. (1989). Integration: myth or reality? (1 ed.). New York: Falmer Press. ISBN 9781850006145.  International Conference on Disability, Handicap and Policy at Bristol Polytechnic, England, July 1988
  5. ^ Libération, 2 September 1985.
  6. ^ "UN honours Deng's disabled son". BBC News. 3 December 2003. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "China's Deng Pufang wins IPC top award". Xinhuanet. 19 November 2005. Retrieved 15 May 2008. 
  8. ^ Official Website of the Beijing Olympics"

External links[edit]