Dengfeng

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Dengfeng
登封市
County-level city
The Daoist Zhongyue Temple
The Daoist Zhongyue Temple
Dengfeng is located in China
Dengfeng
Dengfeng
Location in China
Coordinates: 34°27′19″N 113°1′31″E / 34.45528°N 113.02528°E / 34.45528; 113.02528Coordinates: 34°27′19″N 113°1′31″E / 34.45528°N 113.02528°E / 34.45528; 113.02528
Country  China
Province Henan
Prefecture Zhengzhou
Area
 • Total 1,220 km2 (470 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 630,000
 • Density 520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website http://www.dengfeng.gov.cn/
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in "The Centre of Heaven and Earth"
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Shaolin Temple
Type Cultural
Criteria iii, vi
Reference 1305
UNESCO region Asia-Pacific
Inscription history
Inscription 2010 (34th Session)

Dengfeng (Chinese: 登封; pinyin: Dēngfēng; Postal map spelling: Tengfeng) is a county-level city in Zhengzhou, Henan Province, China. In ancient times, it was known as Yangcheng (simplified Chinese: 阳城; traditional Chinese: 陽城; pinyin: Yángchéng).

Dengfeng has an area of 1220 square kilometers and a population of 630,000.[1]

Dengfeng is located at the foot of the Mount Song, one of the most sacred mountains in China. The city is one of the most renowned spiritual centres of China, home to various religious institutions and temples, such as the Taoist Zhongyue Temple, the Buddhist Shaolin Temple, as well as the Confucian Songyang Academy, hence its poetic expression derived from Chinese literature as the spiritual "centre of heaven and earth".

History[edit]

The first Xia Dynasty capital Yangcheng was built west of Gaocheng Township on the Yin River under the sacred Mount Song.

The famous Shaolin Monastery, traditional origin of Zen, is located in Dengfeng.

Sites[edit]

In 2010, UNESCO inscribed several of the most renowned sites across Dengfeng onto its World Heritage List under the title "Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in 'The Centre of Heaven and Earth'."[2] The World Heritage Site includes several historic gates, temples (including the renowned Shaolin Temple), a Confucian academy and the Gaocheng Observatory:[3]

Transportation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Chinese) Introduction to Dengfeng, official website of Dengfeng Government, visited on April 12, 2008.
  2. ^ Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in "The Centre of Heaven and Earth." UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  3. ^ Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in "The Centre of Heaven and Earth." UNESCO World Heritage Centre

External links[edit]