Denholm Elliott

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Denholm Elliott
CBE
MarcusBrody.jpg
Elliot as Marcus Brody in Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981).
Born Denholm Mitchell Elliott
(1922-05-31)31 May 1922
Ealing, Middlesex, England
Died 6 October 1992(1992-10-06) (aged 70)
Santa Eulària des Riu, Ibiza, Spain
Cause of death
Tuberculosis caused by AIDS
Resting place
Cremated, ashes scattered in Ibiza
Nationality British
Education Malvern College
Alma mater Royal Academy of Dramatic Art
Occupation Actor
Years active 1949–1992
Spouse(s) Virginia McKenna (1954; divorced)
Susan Robinson (1962–92; his death)

Denholm Mitchell Elliott, CBE (31 May 1922 – 6 October 1992) was an English film, television and theatre actor with more than 120 film and television credits.[1] He trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London. In the 1980s, he won the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role in three consecutive years (his first for Coleman in Trading Places), the only actor ever to have achieved this. He portrayed Dr. Marcus Brody in Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989).

Early life[edit]

Elliott was born in London, the son of Nina (née Mitchell) and Myles Laymen Farr Elliott, a barrister.[2] He attended Malvern College and trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London. He was asked to leave RADA after one term. As Elliott later recalled: "They wrote to my mother and said, 'Much as we like the little fellow, he's wasting your money and our time. Take him away!'"[3]

In World War II, he joined the Royal Air Force, training as a sergeant radio operator and gunner and serving with No. 76 Squadron RAF under the command of Leonard Cheshire.[4] On the night of 23/24 September 1942, his Handley Page Halifax bomber took part in an air raid on the U-boat pens at Flensburg, Germany. The aircraft was hit by flak and subsequently ditched in the North Sea near Sylt, Germany. Elliott and two other crew members survived and he spent the rest of the war in a prisoner of war camp in Silesia. While imprisoned he became involved in amateur dramatics.[5]

Career[edit]

After making his film debut in Dear Mr. Prohack (1949), he went on to play a wide range of parts, often ineffectual and occasionally seedy characters, such as the drunken journalist Bayliss in Defence of the Realm, the criminal abortionist in Alfie, and the washed-up film director in The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz. Elliott and Natasha Parry played the main roles in the 1955 television play, The Apollo of Bellac.[6]

Elliott made many television appearances, notably in plays by Dennis Potter, including Follow the Yellow Brick Road (1972), Brimstone and Treacle (1976), and Blade on the Feather (1980). He took over for an ill Michael Aldridge for one season of The Man in Room 17 (1966) and appeared in the series Thriller (1975).

In the 1980s, he won three consecutive British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) awards – Best Supporting Actor for Trading Places as Dan Aykroyd's kindly butler, A Private Function, and Defence of the Realm – as well as an Academy Award nomination for A Room with a View. He also became familiar to a wider audience as the well-meaning but addlepated Dr. Marcus Brody in Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. A photograph of his character appears in Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull and a reference is made to Brody's death. There is also a statue dedicated to Marcus outside of Marshall College, the school Indy teaches. In 1988, Elliott was the Russian mole Povin, around whom the entire plot revolves, in the television miniseries Codename: Kyril.

Having filmed Michael Winner's The Wicked Lady (1983), Elliott was quoted in a BBC Radio interview as saying that he and Marc Sinden "are the only two British actors I am aware of who have ever worked with Winner more than once and it certainly wasn't for love. But curiously, I never, ever saw any of the same crew twice." (Elliott in You Must Be Joking! (1965) and The Wicked Lady and Sinden in The Wicked Lady and Decadence). Elliott had also worked with Sinden's father, Donald Sinden, in the film The Cruel Sea (1953).[7]

He also starred with Katharine Hepburn and Harold Gould in the television film, Mrs. Delafield Wants to Marry (1986) and with Nicole Kidman in Bangkok Hilton (1989).

In 1988, Elliott was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) for his services to acting. His career included many stage performances, including with the Royal Shakespeare Company, and a well acclaimed turn as the twin brothers in Jean Anouilh's Ring Round the Moon. His scene-stealing abilities led Gabriel Byrne, his co-star in Defence of the Realm, to say: "Never act with children, dogs or Denholm Elliott."[8]

Despite being described by Screenonline as an actor of "versatile understanding and immaculate technique",[1] Elliott described himself as an instinctive actor and was a critic of Stanislavski's system of acting, saying: "I mistrust and am rather bored with actors who are of the Stanislavski school who think about detail."[9]

Personal life[edit]

Privately bisexual,[10] Elliott was married twice; first to the British actress Virginia McKenna for a few months in 1954 and later, in an open marriage, to actress Susan Robinson, with whom he had two children, a son named Mark and a daughter named Jennifer (1964–2003). In 1995, Paul McMullan of The News of the World published a series of articles claiming that Jennifer was living on the street and working as a prostitute and hooked on heroin, by his own admission using information obtained illegally by bribing police officers. Her death in 2003 was suicide, by hanging.[10]

Death[edit]

Elliott was diagnosed with HIV in 1987[10] and died of AIDS-related tuberculosis at his home in Santa Eulària des Riu on Ibiza, Spain, in 1992. Tributes were paid by actors Donald Sinden and Sir Peter Ustinov, playwright Dennis Potter and former wife Virginia McKenna. Sinden said: "He was one of the finest screen actors and a very special actor at that. He was one of the last stars who was a real gentleman. It is a very sad loss." Ustinov said: "He was a wonderful actor and a very good friend on the occasions that life brought us together." Potter commented: "He was a complicated, sensitive and slightly disturbing actor. Not only was he a very accomplished actor, he was a dry, witty and slightly menacing individual. As a man, I always found him very open, very straightforward and very much to the point." McKenna added: "It is absolutely dreadful, but the person I am thinking of at the moment more than anybody is his wife. It must be terrible for her."[11] Ismail Merchant described Elliott as "an all-giving person, full of life ... He had an affection and feeling for other actors, which is very unusual in our business."[12]

His widow set up a charity, the Denholm Elliott Project, in his honour and collaborated on his biography.[13] She also worked closely with the UK Coalition of People Living with HIV and AIDS. She died on 12 April 2007, following a fire in her flat in London.[10]

Filmography[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "British Film Institute Biography". Retrieved 24 September 2007. 
  2. ^ [unreliable source?] "Denholm Elliott Biography (1922–1992)". Filmreference. 
  3. ^ BBC Radio. Desert Island Discs. 14 September 1974
  4. ^ "Encyclopaedia Britannica". Retrieved 24 September 2007. 
  5. ^ Falconer, Jonathon (1998). The Bomber Command Handbook 1939–1945. Stroud: Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0-7509-1819-5. 
  6. ^ "Giraudoux Play On Television 'The Apollo Of Bellac'". The Times. 13 August 1955. The director was Tony Richardson in his first fully professional engagement.
  7. ^ Woods, Judity (8 February 2011). "Michael Winner: 'The Life I've Lived, the Girls I've Had... Ht's Been Incredible'". The Daily Telegraph. 
  8. ^ "Obituary: Denholm Elliott". The Independent. 7 October 1992. 
  9. ^ Oliver, Myrna (7 October 1992). "Denholm Elliott; Veteran Character Actor". articles.latimes.com. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Susan Elliott (Obituary)". The Daily Telegraph. 24 April 2007. 
  11. ^ "Denholm Elliott dies from Aids-related TB, aged 70". The Independent. 7 October 1992. 
  12. ^ "Oscar nominee Elliott dies of AIDS problems". Variety. 7 October 1992. 
  13. ^ Elliott, Susan; Turner, Barry (1994). Denholm Elliott: Quest for Love.

External links[edit]