Denholme

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Denholme
Christmas day 2004.JPG
Christmas Day in Denholme 2004
Denholme is located in West Yorkshire
Denholme
Denholme
 Denholme shown within West Yorkshire
Population 2,976 
OS grid reference SE070340
Civil parish Denholme
Metropolitan borough City of Bradford
Metropolitan county West Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRADFORD
Postcode district BD13
Dialling code 01274
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Shipley
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Coordinates: 53°48′07″N 1°53′38″W / 53.802°N 1.894°W / 53.802; -1.894

Denholme is a small town and civil parish in the Bradford Metropolitan Borough, West Yorkshire, England. It is 8 miles (13 km) west of Bradford, 7 miles (11 km) from Keighley and roughly the same distance from Halifax. Administratively, it is part of the Bingley Rural ward of the City of Bradford. Denholme has a population of 2,976.[1]

History[edit]

The name Denholme is probably of Viking origin, translating to "A flat amongst the hillside". This is a good description of the village's geographical setting, since it is located in a broad side valley extending southwards from that of the River Aire - the Aire Valley or Airedale. However, an alternative suggestion of the word "Holme", in old Viking Danelaw, would be that of reclaimed marshland (or an "island" in a wet area) [2] and Den or Denu, in Old English, means Valley.[3] This would also make sense given the areas many springs, marshy terrain and being situated in a valley. Denholme is also on the eastern flank of the Pennines, commonly known as the "backbone of England", about midway along their length.

The village sits astride the old Roman Road from Manchester (Mamucium or Mancunium) to Ilkley (Olicana) though there is no evidence of any settlement then. The line of the road is visible on the ground to the south of the village, not far from St Paul's church.

The first evidence of habitation in the area dates from the 13th century. There is a grant of land, dated 1239, whereby Thomas de Thornton gave grazing land at Denholme to the monks of Byland Abbey. It is likely that the monks would have built a grange in the area and this may well have given the village its first occupants.

The entire Victorian housing sites of Denholme were built by the Fosters who also built the old textile mills of Denholme. The houses were for the workers of the mills. It was common in Victorian England for wealthy businessmen to build entire towns to house the workers of their mills.

Denholme had a working railway station from 1 January 1884. It closed to passengers on 23 May 1955 and closed completely on 10 April 1961 when sometime after most of its buildings were demolished. The railway was built by the Great Northern Railway and linked Bradford, Keighley and Halifax via a triangular junction at Queensbury. The lines and station transferred to the LNER and, ultimately, to British Railways (North Eastern Region) at closure. At 850 ft above sea level, Denholme was the highest station on the entire GN system. The line was mostly rural and needed the construction of many earthworks, viaducts and tunnels. Its hilly nature earned it the nicknames of "the Alpine route" or "the switchback" from its drivers.[4]

The original mills around the which the village grew have now gone, though their sites have been partially re-used for light industry. Recent years have seen the closure of the bulk of the remaining manufacturing industry in the village, including specialised textiles, joinery and constructional timber. Whilst there are still employment opportunities in the shops, schools and other village services, or on the surrounding farms, the majority of working residents now commute to Bradford, Keighley, Halifax or Leeds.

Geology[edit]

Main article: Denholme Clough Fault

Education[edit]

Denholme Primary School has a good reputation. The neighbouring hamlet of Keelham also has a primary school and some children from the village attend there. The nearest high school is Parkside School, Cullingworth, just over 2 miles away.

Landmarks[edit]

St Paul's Church

Denholme has three churches, a Methodist church, a Catholic church, and Denholme Shared Church (incorporating Denholme Edge United Reformed/Baptist Church and St. Paul's, Church of England). There is also a library in the Mechanics Institute, and a Conservative Social Club. Services include a doctor's surgery, a pharmacy & sheltered housing. There is also a public park - Foster Park - which was given to the people of Denholme in 1912 by William Foster.

The village has a good selection of shops - food, non-food and fast food, two pubs - the Royal and the New Inn, a Post Office, a charity shop and a farm shop. Foster Park houses a youth cafe, skate area, basketball court, bowling green and the village War Memorial. Just to the east of Denholme is Doe Park Reservoir where there is fishing, a water activities centre and a sailing club.

Transport[edit]

The main road running through Denholme is the A629. The village is on regular bus routes between Keighley and Bradford and with occasional services to Halifax.

Events[edit]

There is a Children's Gala (fair) every year held in Foster Park, usually held on the first Saturday of July.

Sport[edit]

Denholme has two cricket teams, Denholme Cricket Club and Denholme Clough Cricket Club, who each have their own grounds. Denholme Cricket Club play in the Craven and District Cricket League and have a first and second 11 along with several junior teams. Denholme Cricket club 1XI currently play in the 2nd division of this league and the 2nd XI were recently promoted to division 4. Denholme Clough Cricket Club play in the Towergate Halifax Cricket League - Terry Wynne. Denholme has a football team, Denholme United AFC, who play home games in the local park. Denholme United Reserves are the current Halifax Haslem & Shepherd Division 3 Champions 2012/13 . In addition to this, Denholme have their own bowls team.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Bradford". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 September 2009. 
  2. ^ http://viking.no/e/england/danelaw/epl-danelaw.htm
  3. ^ http://www.nordicnames.de/wiki/DEN
  4. ^ Armour, Chris (October 2005). "Denholme". Disused Stations. 

External links[edit]