Denmark–Romania relations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Danish-Romanian relations
Map indicating locations of Denmark and Romania

Denmark

Romania

Denmark–Romania relations refers to the current and historical relations between Denmark and Romania. Denmark has an embassy in Bucharest,[1] and Romania has an embassy in Copenhagen.[2] Relations between Denmark and Communist Romania was described in the 1960s as "good" by Prime Minister of Romania Ion Gheorghe Maurer.[3] In 2008, Danish export to Romania amounted 1,644 million DKK, while Romanian export amounted 475 million DKK.[4] Both countries are members of the European Union and NATO.[5]

History[edit]

In 1879, two Romanian statesmen under Carol I of Romania, visited Denmark, establishing the official relations between Denmark and Romania. In 1880, Denmark opened the first consulate in Bucharest, to help Romanians settle in Denmark. The city of Aarhus was the first city, Romanians immigrated to. Diplomatic relations between Denmark and Romania were established on 13 April 1917.[6]

During the World War I, Denmark opened two prisoner-of-war camp. The reason was to protect, heal and recover the Romanian prisoners.[7]

During World War II, when Nazi Germany invaded Denmark, the relations between Denmark and Romania were suspended. In 1946, relations were re-established.[6] In 1965, a payments agreement was signed.[8] In 1967, an economic, industrial and technical cooperation agreement was signed.[9] In 1980 and in 1994, both countries signed an investment agreement.[10][11]

From 1975 to 1989, the number of Romanian asylum applications in Denmark totaled 505.[12] In 2008, 246 Romanians immigrated to Denmark while in 2011, 710 Romanians immigrated to Denmark. In three years, Romanian immigration rose 289 percent.[13]

Cooperation[edit]

In 2003, Denmark and Romania agreed to cooperate on a climate project, the first Danish project in Eastern Europe. The project assists Romania with replacing wood waste products for new technology, to provide heating to the poor regions of Romania.[14]

High level visits[edit]

In May 2000, Queen Margrethe II and Prince Henrik visited Romania. During their visit, they visited the orphanage Sfanta Macrina which is run by DanChurchAid.[15] Danish Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen visited Romania in September 2003. During his visit he met Prime Minister of Romania Adrian Năstase.[16] Romanian President Ion Iliescu visited Denmark in 2004.[17] In 2006, Anders Fogh Rasmussen visited Romania, to make a speech at the annual meeting of the Romanian ambassadors.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Government of Denmark. "Danmarks ambassade Bukarest". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Denmark) (in Danish and Romanian). Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  2. ^ Government of Romania. "Embassy of Romania — Copenhagen". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Romania) (in English and Romanian). Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  3. ^ Nicolae Popescu-Bogdănești (1972). Pentru securitate și cooperare internațională: Legături prin contacte la nivel înalt ale României cu unele state europene și cu S.U.A. (in Romanian). Editura politică / University of Michigan. p. 312. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  4. ^ "Landefakta Rumænien". Government of Denmark (in Danish). Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Denmark). Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  5. ^ NATO. "NATO — Member countries". NATO. NATO. Retrieved 1 April 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "Brief historical review of political and diplomatic relations". Romanian embassy in Copenhagen. Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  7. ^ "The Romanians and Denmark during WWI". The Romanian Postal History. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  8. ^ "Protocol on payments" (PDF). 11422 (11422). United Nations. 1965. p. 2. Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  9. ^ Law and contemporary problems (37). Duke University School of Law / University of Michigan. 1973. p. 665. Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  10. ^ "Agreement on the mutual promotion and guarantee of investments" (PDF) (20625). United Nations Treaty Series. 1980. p. 6. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  11. ^ "Agreement concerning the promotion and reciprocal protec" (PDF) (33153). United Nations Treaty Series. 1994. p. 15. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  12. ^ Astrid Hamberger. "The Romanian Refugee Case in Denmark" (PDF). University of Bucharest / Katedra Humánnej Geografie a Demogeografie. p. 2. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  13. ^ "Tre gange så mange rumænere til Danmark på tre år". Jyllandsposten / Ritzau. 11 May 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  14. ^ "Joint Implementation: The first Danish project in Eastern Europe". Ministry of Environment (Denmark). Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  15. ^ "Margrethe vil besøge rumænske gadebørn". B.T. (tabloid) (in Danish). 5 May 2000. Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  16. ^ "Statsministeren besøger Rumænien og Bulgarien" (in Danish). Statsministeriet. 3 September 2003. Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  17. ^ "Romanian President Ion Iliescu to visit Denmark in March". Associated Press (HighBeam.com). 15 January 2004. Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  18. ^ "Statsministeren besøger Rumænien, Bulgarien, Kroatien, Cypern og Malta" (in Danish). Statsministeriet. 29 August 2006. Retrieved 29 May 2011.