Denmark, South Carolina

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Denmark, South Carolina
City
Location of Denmark, South Carolina
Location of Denmark, South Carolina
Coordinates: 33°19′16″N 81°8′32″W / 33.32111°N 81.14222°W / 33.32111; -81.14222Coordinates: 33°19′16″N 81°8′32″W / 33.32111°N 81.14222°W / 33.32111; -81.14222
Country United States
State South Carolina
County Bamberg
Area
 • Total 3.84 sq mi (9.94 km2)
 • Land 3.83 sq mi (9.93 km2)
 • Water 0.004 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation 240 ft (73 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,538
 • Density 922/sq mi (356.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 29042
Area code(s) 803
FIPS code 45-19105[1]
GNIS feature ID 1247519[2]

Denmark is a city in Bamberg County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 3,538 at the 2010 census.[3]

Geography[edit]

Denmark is located in northwest Bamberg County at 33°19′16″N 81°8′32″W / 33.32111°N 81.14222°W / 33.32111; -81.14222 (33.321173, -81.142289).[4] U.S. Route 78 and U.S. Route 321 cross in Denmark just north of the downtown area. US 78 leads east 6 miles (10 km) to Bamberg, the county seat, and west 8 miles (13 km) to Blackville. US 321 leads north 9 miles (14 km) to Norway and south 7 miles (11 km) to Govan.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.8 square miles (9.9 km2), of which 0.004 square miles (0.01 km2), or 0.09%, is water.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
2000 3,328
2010 3,538 6.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 3,328 people, 1,331 households, and 846 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,096.0 people per square mile (422.7/km²). There were 1,537 housing units at an average density of 506.2 per square mile (195.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 85.91% African American, 12.74% White, 0.09% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.06% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.75% of the population.

There were 1,331 households out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.2% were married couples living together, 27.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 85.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $17,578, and the median income for a family was $22,346. Males had a median income of $22,110 versus $13,767 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,243. About 33.4% of families and 35.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 51.9% of those under age 18 and 30.8% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

Denmark, Bamberg County, South Carolina, came into being as a railroading village by the earlier name of Graham's Turnout. An early pioneer planter by the name of Zachary "Big Zack" Graham was asked by the South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company to allow the new railroading company, which began in 1830, to use some of his vast acreage in the area, which was back then the Barnwell District (that after the American Civil War became today's Bamberg County) for the use of his railroad's tracks. The South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company had plans to lay their tracks from the eastern most terminal at Charleston, S. C., to the western most terminal at Hamburg, S. C. on the eastern banks of the Savannah River opposite Augusta, Georgia. Denmark was named for railroad executive B. A. Denmark.[5]

Once the SCCRR Company's tracks reached the Savannah River banks in Hamburg, it resulted in becoming the longest (over 130 miles) scheduled passenger and freight railroad in the world. The company's very first steam locomotive, built in the U.S.A., was named "The Best Friend of Charleston," and it made its first run from Charleston to Hamburg, S. C., in December 1833.

Graham's Turnout was one of the stations, or turnouts, on the trip to Hamburg from Charleston. Midway, Bamberg County, South Carolina, was the approximate half-way point of the trip, where the weary passengers could have a meal at the new eating place there, and, even take advantage of the new hotel. Many new railroading villages such as Graham's Turnout and Midway began to incorporate and develop along the 130 mile plus length of the new South Carolina Canal and Rail Road Company's transportation facilities.

The name of Graham's Turnout later, upon incorporation as a town, changed to Graham's, S. C., and, as a second railroading company intersected the east-west tracks, with their new north-south line—The South Bound Rail Road Company—the "old town" location of Graham's began to migrate to the west about a mile, or so, to locate at the intersection of the two major railroad companies' tracks and "Union Depot." The new community named the town Denmark, S. C., in honor of a Captain Denmark, who was an official and promoter of The South Bound Railroad.

The old town area of the former Graham's, then became known as "Sato", in honor of a Japanese military hero of those days. Sato has since become part of younger Denmark, South Carolina.

The American Telephone and Telegraph Company Building, Denmark High School, and Voorhees College Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[6]

Transport[edit]

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, serves Denmark, operating its Silver Star daily in each direction, between Miami, Florida by way of Tampa, Jacksonville, and Savannah, and New York, New York by way of Columbia, Richmond, Washington, and Philadelphia.

Education[edit]

Notable people[edit]

  • Jim Harrison - artist, author, speaker - native of Denmark, SC
  • Cleveland Sellers
  • Bakari Sellers
  • Woody Binnicker, businessman, former mayor, established the first Endurance Parachute Record making 201 parachute jumps in 17 1/2 hours in February 1973[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Denmark city, South Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 2, 2014. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 104. 
  6. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  7. ^ "Woody Binnicker". Ehrhardt SC. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 

External links[edit]