The 2005-present logo
|Type||Public (NASDAQ: DENN)|
|Headquarters||Spartanburg, South Carolina, U.S.|
|Number of locations||1,650+|
|Revenue||US$ $538.53 million (2011)|
|Operating income||US$50.97 million (2011)|
|Net income||US$112.29 million (2011)|
|Total assets||US$350.50 million (2011)|
|Total equity||US$(-9.68) million (2011)|
Denny's (also known as Denny's Diner on some of the locations' signage) is a full-service pancake house/coffee shop/fast casual family restaurant chain. It operates over 1,600 restaurants in the United States, Puerto Rico, Canada, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Curaçao, Costa Rica, Venezuela, Honduras, Japan (transliterated as デニーズ Denīzu), Mexico, New Zealand, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates.
Denny's is known for always being open, serving breakfast, lunch, dinner, and dessert around the clock. Unlike many other restaurant chains, Denny's does not close on holidays or nights, except where required by law. Many of their restaurants are located in proximity to freeway exits, bars, and in service areas. Denny's started franchising in 1963, and most Denny's restaurants are now franchisee-owned.
Richard Jezak and Harold Butler founded Denny's (as Danny's Donuts) in Lakewood, California in 1953. Denny's expanded to twenty restaurants by 1959, when the chain was renamed Denny's to avoid confusion with another chain, "Doughnut Dan's". The business continued to grow and by 1981, there were over 1,000 restaurants in all 50 U.S. states. In 1977, Denny's introduced the still-popular Grand Slam breakfast. In 1994, Denny's became the largest corporate sponsor of Save the Children, a national charity. All but six Denny's closed for the first time ever on Christmas 1988; many of the restaurants were built without locks, and some had reportedly lost their keys.
Denny's main office was located in Irvine, California, until 1991. At that time, the office was moved to the Spartanburg, South Carolina, headquarters of the parent company Trans World Corporation (TW Corporation) that acquired Denny's in 1987. In 1992, private equity firm, Kohlberg Kravis Roberts acquired a 47% interest in TW Corporation, later known as The Flagstar Companies, and encouraged the company to sell non-core businesses. Eventually, Denny's operations dominated the parent company to such an extent that The Flagstar Companies changed its name again to Denny's Corporation. It now trades on the NASDAQ under the symbol DENN.
For much of its history, Denny's offered a free meal to anyone on his or her birthday. The offer included a limited number of meal options from a special birthday menu. The promotional ritual ceased in 1993; though occasionally individual franchises will continue the tradition.
The Denny's Diner prototype
Some Denny's restaurants use the "Diner" concept, using modular buildings that resemble classic 1950s diners. In May 1997, the first Denny's Classic Diner was opened in Fort Myers, Florida. The Diner concept was created by Ron, Marcia, Marc, and Todd York, the principals of Denny's Franchisee SWFRI, Inc. Today there are about forty Denny's Diners in the United States. In addition, there are several diners that resemble the modular buildings but are actually stick construction.
Domestic and international growth
In July 2010, Denny's presence in the United States saw a major expansion when Pilot Flying J started opening Denny's locations inside their Flying J-branded truck stop locations. 123 Pilot Flying J conversions were completed, making Denny's the leading full service restaurant brand in travel centers.
As of the end of 2011 there were 1,685 total Denny's restaurants. While the company owns and operates some restaurants, the majority are operated through a franchising model. 1,593 of Denny's 1,685 restaurants are located in the 50 U.S. states (including the District of Columbia), 11 in Puerto Rico, 2 in Guam, 60 in Canada, 5 in Mexico, 3 in Costa Rica, 2 in Honduras, and 8 in New Zealand. There is also a Denny's attached to the Holiday Beach Hotel in Otrabanda, Willemstad, Curaçao in the Netherlands Antilles. Along with the regular Denny's Menu, the Curaçao restaurant offers a selection of local ("kriyoyo") dishes. There are also about 578 Denny's restaurants in Japan operated independently under a license by a subsidiary of Seven & I Holdings.
In June 2012, Denny's opened a location in the Las Américas International Airport, its first location in an airport and its first in the Dominican Republic. In July 2012, Denny's announced it had signed an agreement with a franchisee to open 50 restaurants in southern China over 15 years, beginning in 2013. This makes it Denny's largest international development deal yet.
Health inspection records
In October 2004, Dateline NBC aired a segment titled "Dirty Dining". This segment examined the 10 most popular family and casual dining chains in the United States: Bob Evans, Red Lobster, Waffle House, Chili's, Ruby Tuesday, IHOP, Applebee's, TGI Friday's, Outback Steakhouse, and Denny's. As part of the segment, the producers examined the health inspection records for 100 restaurants over 15 months and totaled all of the critical violations, or violations that can result in adverse effects to the customers' health. Denny's had the fewest violations of the 10 chains evaluated by Dateline and was the only one to average fewer than one violation per restaurant. Denny's attributes this relative success to its adherence to the principles of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points.
Animal welfare efforts
Denny's works with the Humane Society of the United States to address animal welfare issues. In 2008, Denny's began switching to cage-free eggs, and in 2012 the company announced that it will work with its suppliers to move away from the practice of keeping pigs in gestation crates.
Racial discrimination lawsuits
During the 1990s, Denny's was involved in a series of discrimination lawsuits involving several cases of servers denying or providing inferior service to racial minorities, especially black customers.
In 1994, Denny's settled a class action lawsuit filed by thousands of black customers who had been refused service, forced to wait longer, or pay more than white customers. The $54.4 million settlement was the largest and broadest under federal public-accommodations laws established thirty years previously to end segregation in restaurants and public spaces.
The following are some of the most notable incidents involving racial discrimination at Denny's, all occurring after the settlement:
- A black Denny's customer was told, in 1995, that he and his friends had to pay up front at the counter upon ordering their meals. He questioned the waitress: "We asked the waitress about it and she said some black guys had been in earlier who made a scene and walked out without paying their bill. So the manager now wanted all blacks to pay up front."
- Another 1993 incident occurred when six black United States Secret Service agents visited a Denny’s restaurant in Annapolis, Maryland. They were forced to wait an hour for service while their white companions were seated immediately upon entering.
- In San Jose, California, in 1994, several black teenagers were refused service unless they agreed to pay in advance.
- In 1997, six Asian-American students from Syracuse University visited a local Denny’s restaurant late at night. They waited for more than half an hour as white patrons were regularly served, seated, and offered more helpings. They complained to management and to their server but were forced to leave the establishment by two security guards called by Denny’s management. Then, according to the students, a group of white men came out of Denny's and attacked them and shouted racial epithets. Several of the students were beaten into unconsciousness.
After the $54.4 million settlement, Denny's created a racial sensitivity training program for all employees. Denny's has also made efforts at improving its public relations image by featuring African-Americans in their commercials, including one featuring Sherman Hemsley and Isabel Sanford, both actors from the popular The Jeffersons television series. In 2001, Denny's was chosen by Fortune magazine as the "Best Company for Minorities." In 2006 and 2007, Denny's topped Black Enterprise's "Best 40 Companies for Diversity."
- "Denny's Corporation to Present at the Oppenheimer 11th Annual Consumer Conference". Ir.dennys.com. Retrieved 2012-01-06.
- "Link to Los Angeles Magazine's Ask Chris Blog". Retrieved 4 October 2012.
- 2013 Denny's placemat showing 60-year history
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- Kohlberg, Kravis Plans Stake in TW. New York Times, June 26, 1992
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- Miller, John C. "To Our Valued Shareholders". Denny's Corporation 2011 Annual Report. Denny's Corporation. Retrieved 8 June 2012.
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- Zacks Equity Research. "Denny's Enters Dominican Republic". Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
- Jones, Kristin (9 July 2012). "Denny's Plans China Expansion in 50-Restaurant Deal". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
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- West, Anna. "Denny’s Moves to End Gestation Crate Pig Confinement in Its Supply Chain". The Humane Society of the United States. Retrieved 13 June 2012.
- Denny's Restaurants Hit With Discrimination Suit - Google News Archive Search. Retrieved 2012-01-06.
- "In a Surprising Act of Redemption, Denny's Becomes a Leader in - Washington Informer - HighBeam Research". Retrieved 2012-01-06.
- "DENNY'S SETTLES TWO RACE SUITS SACRAMENTANS SHARE IN $46 MILLION DEAL".
- "Secret Service accusing Denny's of discrimination - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved 2012-01-06.
- Fletcher, Michael A. (May 25, 1994). "6 black Secret Service agents to share in settlement of Denny's bias suit". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved January 31, 2014.
- Labaton, Stephen (May 25, 1994). "Denny's Restaurants to Pay $54 Million in Race Bias Suits - New York Times". The New York Times. Retrieved May 1, 2010.
- "Boston.com Local Search - Boston Globe Archives".
- "Syracuse U. Students Fault Police on Denny's," The New York Times, August 27, 1997
- "Federal Investigation Finds Fault at Denny's", AsianWeek News, Heather Harlan, August 22, 1997 – August 28, 1997
- "Bias Alleged at N.Y. Denny's - The Washington Post - HighBeam Research". Retrieved 2012-01-06.
- "'The Jeffersons' come back for another Denny's round. | The Business Journal (Serving Greater Tampa Bay) (September, 2001)". The Business Journal. September 28, 2001.
- "SHERMAN HEMSLEY AND ISABEL SANFORD. | Nation's Restaurant News Daily NewsFax (September, 2001)". Nation's Restaurant News Daily NewsFax. September 19, 2001.
- "Virginian-Pilot Archives".
- "denny's Best Company for Minorities - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved 2012-01-06.
- "Awards & Recognition". Denny's Diversity Speaks. Denny's. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
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