Dental alveolus

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Dental alveolus
Alveole zahn.jpg
Alveola of the second premolar tooth in a bovine maxillary bone.
Details
Latin alveolus dentalis
Anterior superior alveolar arteries, Posterior superior alveolar artery, Inferior alveolar artery
Anterior superior alveolar nerve, Posterior superior alveolar nerve, Inferior alveolar nerve
Identifiers
Gray's p.1124
MeSH A02.835.232.781.324.502.125.800
Dorlands
/Elsevier
a_27/12123723
TA A05.1.03.074
A03.1.03.008
FMA FMA:57490
Anatomical terminology

Dental alveoli (singular alveolus) are sockets in the jaws in which the roots of teeth are held in the alveolar process of maxilla with the periodontal ligament. The lay term for dental alveoli is tooth sockets. A joint that connects the roots of the teeth and the alveolus is called gomphosis (plural gomphoses).Alveolar bone is the bone that surrounds the roots of the teeth forming bone sockets a.k.a alveolus.

In mammals, tooth sockets are found in the maxilla, the premaxilla and the mandible.

Socket preservation[edit]

Socket preservation or alveolar ridge preservation (ARP)[1] is a procedure to reduce bone loss after tooth extraction to preserve the dental alveolus (tooth socket) in the alveolar bone. A platelet rich fibrin (PRF)[2] membrane containing bone growth enhancing elements can be stiched over the wound or a graft material or scaffold is placed in the socket of an extracted tooth at the time of[3][4] The socket is then directly closed with stiches or covered with a non-resorbable or resorbable membrane and sutured.[5]

Pathology[edit]

The swelling of the dental alveoli can result in alveolitis, causing pain and discomfort to the mouth.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peck, Mogammad Thabit; Marnewick, Johan; Stephen, Lawrence (2011). "Alveolar Ridge Preservation Using Leukocyte and Platelet-Rich Fibrin: A Report of a Case". Case Reports in Dentistry 2011: 1–5. doi:10.1155/2011/345048. ISSN 2090-6447. 
  2. ^ Khiste, Sujeet Vinayak; Naik Tari, Ritam (2013). "Platelet-Rich Fibrin as a Biofuel for Tissue Regeneration". ISRN Biomaterials 2013: 1–6. doi:10.5402/2013/627367. ISSN 2314-4025. 
  3. ^ Tassos Irinakis, Rationale for Socket Preservation after Extraction of a Single-Rooted Tooth when Planning for Future Implant Placement, Journal of Canadian Dental Association 2006; 72(10):917–922
  4. ^ Fickl, Stefan; Zuhr, Otto; Wachtel, Hannes; Stappert, Christian F. J.; Stein, Jamal M.; Hürzeler, Markus B. (2008). "Dimensional changes of the alveolar ridge contour after different socket preservation techniques". Journal of Clinical Periodontology 35 (10): 906–913. doi:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2008.01305.x. ISSN 0303-6979. 
  5. ^ Extraction socket preservation: The time is now

External links[edit]