Dental software

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The term dental software is used for software used in dentistry. Computers have been used in dental medicine since the 1960s.[1] Since then, computers and information technology have spread progressively in the dental practice. According to Atkinson, J. in the year 2000, 85.1% of all dentists in the United States were using computers.[2]

Classification[edit]

Schleyer[3] and Kirshner[4] categorized dental software as administrative, clinical, and for the Internet. Zimmerman et al.[5] categorized dental software functions for administration and management of patients documentation, electronic archives of the documentation, telecommunication, computer - aided education, computerizing instruments and techniques in the dental office software helping the clinical decision making.

Patient records management dental software[edit]

Patient records management dental software is used by the dentist to organize the records of the patients in their practice. The computer patients management software is used for collecting, managing, saving, and retrieving medical information for the patients, and for creating reports for the patients. Computers in the dentistry were first used to record dental archives[1] as an alternative of paper dental documentation. Later the term "computer based dental documentation" was replaced with the term "electronic patient record (EPR)" since the last better describes the method and the environment in which the patient record is being managed.[6] In 1991 in an official report of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies in Washington, USA gives definitions about what functions must implement a computer based system for health documentation.

The American Dental Association (ADA) created Specification number 1000 and number 1004[7] concerning the structure and the content of the electronic health record. The medical data include identification and contact data, date of next visit, number of previous visits, anamnestic, clinical and paraclinical data, applied treatment, and treatment results data. Patient Records Management Dental Software is the most frequently used dental software.

Web based dental patients records management software has been proposed. The web-based records save the information for the patients in a central web server instead in the computer in the dental office.[8]

Dental treatment planning software[edit]

The usage of computer technologies for taking clinical decisions for the treatment of dental patients started at the end of the 1970s. The software products are usually based on technologies that try to simulate the human intellect, called artificial intelligence or AI. The expert systems designed to enhance the treatment process, by providing the dental practitioner with a treatment plan are dental expert systems software. Today for more appropriate definition is supposed to be decision support systems, or DSS, and knowledge based systems(KBS). Such software products are designed for the therapeutic dentistry,[9] the prosthodontics.[10][11]

Dental internet and ethernet communication software[edit]

Telecommunication technologies found application in the medicine in the 1950s, which led to the defining of a new term: telemedicine. In 1997, Cook first used the term "teledentistry"[12] and defines it as the practice to be used videoconference technologies for diagnosis placement or consultations for the treatment from destination. Different variations of medical and dental data interchange using internet are developed.[13] It is expected this type of software will revolutionize the way for interchanging information between medical and dental practitioners. Today teledentistry includes activities such as information interchange by phone lines, fax machines, and transfer of computer based documents via the internet. There are also special software products, designed for communication and information interchange between dentists, and software products designed to access dental information by the use of internet.

Computer-aided dental education[edit]

Computer-assisted education is an element from the remote education.[14] The term "electronic learning" or "e-learning" defines the usage of internet and multimedia in the educational course. Schleyer[15] describes the learning with the help of computer software as a means for overcoming the faults of the traditional forms of education. In 1997 Cook wrote about the usage of videoconference technologies by the means of their usage for dental education.[12] Today software for computer aided dental education are made for various dental specialities: orthodontics, dental imaging, endodontics, cariesology, oral pathology, pediatric dentistry, parodontology and prosthodontics.[14][15]

Software for usage of dental instruments[edit]

Instruments, used in dentistry, and needing software to operate are large number of models of digital rentgenography hardware, intraoral cameras, various diagnostic hardware products such as for early caries detection, parodontal probes, CAD/CAM systems.[16]

See also[edit]

See Comparison of Dental Practice Management Software

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Delrose, D.C. et R.W. Steinberg. The clinical significance of the dental patient record. -J.Am.Dent.Assoc., 131, 2000, Suppl., 57-60.
  2. ^ Atkinson, J. et al. Electronic patient records for dental schoolclinics: more than paperless systems. - Journal of Dental Education, 66, 2002, Vol. 5, 634 - 642.
  3. ^ Schleyer, T., H. Spallek et M. H. Torres-Urquidy. A profile of current Internet users in dentistry.
  4. ^ 4.Kirshner, M. The role of information technology and informatics research in the dentist-patient relationship. - Adv. Dent. Res., 17, 2003, Vol. 12, 77 - 81.
  5. ^ Zimmerman, J. L., M. J. Ball et S. P. Petrovski. Computers in dentistry. Dent. Clin. North Am., 30, 1986, Vol. 10, 739 - 743.
  6. ^ Heid, D. W., J. Chasteen et A. W. Forrey. The electronic oral health record. - J. Contemp. Dent. Pract., 3, 2002, Vol 1, 43 - 54.
  7. ^ ADA Specification 1004: Computer Software Performance for Dental Practice Software. New York: American National Standards Institute, 2001: http://www.ada.org/prof/resources/standarts/informatics_reports.asp
  8. ^ Schleyer, T. et V. Rado-Dasari. Computer based oral health records on the World Wide Web. - Quintessence Int., 30, 1999, Vol.7, 451 - 460.
  9. ^ Duncan R. C. et al. Using computer to diagnose and plan treatment of approximal caries. Detected in radiographs. - J. Am. Dent. Assoc., 126, 1995, Vol.7, 873 - 882.
  10. ^ Beaumont, A. J. Jr. Microcomputer aided removable parture denture design. - J. Prosthet. Dent., 62, 1989, Vol.5, 551 - 556.
  11. ^ Davenport, J. C., P. Hammond et F. J. Fitzpatrick. Computerized design of removable partial dentures: a knowledge based system for the future. - Dent. Update, 20, 1993, Vol.5, 221 - 226.
  12. ^ a b Chen, J. et al. Teledentistry and its use in dental education. - J. Am. Dent. Assoc., 134, 2003, Vol. 3, 342 - 346.
  13. ^ Schleyer, T. Digital dentistry in the computer age. - J. Am. Dent, Assoc., 130, 1999, Vol.12, 1713-1720.
  14. ^ a b Eaton, K. A., et M. Hammick. Distance learning materials for dentists - a users guide to quality. - Br.Dent.J., 194, 2003, Vol.5, 253 - 256.
  15. ^ a b Schleyer, T. et L. A. Johnson. Evaluation of educational software - Journal of Dental Education, 67, 2003, Vol.11, 1221 - 1228.
  16. ^ Hurston - Anderson, L. Integrated office technology: how technology can help improve office efficiency. - J. Am. Dent. Assoc., 135, 2004, Vol.10, 18 - 22.