|Elevation||256 m (840 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||UP 11|
Deoband (Hindi: देवबंद, Urdu: دیوبند, Devband) is a city and a municipal board in Saharanpur district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. Deoband is about 150 km from Delhi. Deoband is Famous for Darul Uloom of Deoband and Shri Bala Sundri Devi Mata Temple. Darul Uloom is one of the most important and influential schools of Islamic Studies. Deoband has presence of the Jamia Tibbiya Deoband college of Unani Medicine, imparting the qualifications of B.U.M.S. and M.D.
Foundation of Dar-ul-uloom Deoband
After the defeat of 1857, some of the prominent Muslim leaders of the freedom movement found it very hard to save India from the cultural onslaught of the British. To counter what was seen to be a British plan to enslave India culturally, they planned to establish a revolutionary institution that would impart knowledge as well as enthuse fervour among students to fight against oppressive forces. Darul Uloom Deoband, the most eminent Islamic learning centre thus was established in 21 May 1866. Maulana Muhammad Qasim Nanautavi (1832-1879), the founder of ‘Darul Uloom’ (house of knowledge) at Deoband, later on outlined the purpose of establishing the institution in the following words:
"The English have perpetrated boundless acts of tyranny against the Muslims for their fault, if at all it was a fault, of the uprising in 1857 and their relentless endeavour for the independence of this country thereafter. They have left no stone unturned to plunder and obliterate the Islamic arts and science, Muslim culture and civilization. Endowments of Muslim educational institutions have been confiscated and as a result state funded schools have been virtually closed. It is therefore, necessary to adopt other method instead of relying upon the old system of endowments.”
Deoband is located at  It has an average elevation of 256 metres (1093 feet). Deoband is surrounded by the famous cities like Saharanpur, Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Roorkee, Haridwar, Shamli, Badgaon etc. The town is connected to national capital via. national highway and railways..
As of 2001[update] India census, Deoband had a population of 81,706. Males constitute 56% of the population and females 44%. It has an average literacy rate of 75%, 78% males & 65% females are literate, higher than the national average of 62%. About 49% of its population is Hindu, mostly Gujjar and 50% is Muslim and 1% others. Also 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
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- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
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