Deoband

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For the Islamic movement, see Deobandi.
Deoband
Devband
Deoband
city
Deoband is located in Uttar Pradesh
Deoband
Deoband
Coordinates: 29°41′31″N 77°40′37″E / 29.692°N 77.677°E / 29.692; 77.677Coordinates: 29°41′31″N 77°40′37″E / 29.692°N 77.677°E / 29.692; 77.677
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Saharanpur
Elevation 256 m (840 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 81,706
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration UP 11

Deoband (Hindi: देवबंद, Urdu: دیوبند‎, Devband) is a city and a municipal board in Saharanpur district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. Deoband is about 150 km from Delhi. Deoband is Famous for Darul Uloom of Deoband and Shri Bala Sundri Devi Mata Temple. Darul Uloom is one of the most important and influential schools of Islamic Studies. Deoband has presence of the Jamia Tibbiya Deoband college of Unani Medicine, imparting the qualifications of B.U.M.S. and M.D.

History[edit]

Foundation of Dar-ul-uloom Deoband[edit]

After the defeat of 1857, some of the prominent Muslim leaders of the freedom movement found it very hard to save India from the cultural onslaught of the British. To counter what was seen to be a British plan to enslave India culturally, they planned to establish a revolutionary institution that would impart knowledge as well as enthuse fervour among students to fight against oppressive forces. Darul Uloom Deoband, the most eminent Islamic learning centre thus was established in 21 May 1866. Maulana Muhammad Qasim Nanautavi (1832-1879), the founder of ‘Darul Uloom’ (house of knowledge) at Deoband, later on outlined the purpose of establishing the institution in the following words:

"The English have perpetrated boundless acts of tyranny against the Muslims for their fault, if at all it was a fault, of the uprising in 1857 and their relentless endeavour for the independence of this country thereafter. They have left no stone unturned to plunder and obliterate the Islamic arts and science, Muslim culture and civilization. Endowments of Muslim educational institutions have been confiscated and as a result state funded schools have been virtually closed. It is therefore, necessary to adopt other method instead of relying upon the old system of endowments.”

Geography[edit]

Deoband is located at 29°42′N 77°41′E / 29.7°N 77.68°E / 29.7; 77.68.[1] It has an average elevation of 256 metres (1093 feet). Deoband is surrounded by the famous cities like Saharanpur, Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Roorkee, Haridwar, Shamli, Badgaon etc. The town is connected to national capital via. national highway and railways.

Holy sites[edit]

The Deobandi Islamic movement began at Darul Uloom Deoband (a University) in Deoband, India, where its foundation was laid on 30 May 1866.[2]


Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Deoband had a population of 81,706. Males constitute 56% of the population and females 44%. It has an average literacy rate of 75%, 78% males & 65% females are literate, higher than the national average of 62%. About 49% of its population is Hindu, mostly Gujjar and 50% is Muslim and 1% others. Also 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]