Department for Education and Skills (United Kingdom)
|This does not cite any references or sources. (September 2007)|
|Department for Education and Skills|
|Preceding Department||Department for Education and Employment|
|Dissolved||28 June 2007|
|Superseding agency||Department for Children, Schools and Families and Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills|
|Headquarters||London, England, UK|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the United Kingdom
The Department for Education and Skills (DfES) was a United Kingdom government department between 2001 and 2007, responsible for the education system and children's services in England. On 28 June 2007 Gordon Brown's government split it into the Department for Children, Schools and Families and the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills. In 2010, when the Conservative/Lib Dem Coalition Government took control, Michael Gove became Secretary of State for Education. His department is the Department for Education.
DfES had four main locations: London (Sanctuary Buildings and Caxton House, both close to Westminster Abbey), Sheffield (Moorfoot), Darlington (Mowden Hall), and Runcorn (Castle View House), and also regional Government Offices.
- Scotland - Education and Lifelong Learning Directorate
- Wales - Department for Education, Lifelong Learning, and Skills (DELLS)
- Northern Ireland - Department of Education (Northern Ireland) and Department for Employment and Learning
In 1992 the responsibility for science was transferred to the Cabinet Office's Office of Public Service and the Department of Trade and Industry's Office of Science and Technology, and the department was renamed Department for Education.
In 1995, in the reshuffle after the Conservative leadership election of that year, the department merged with the Department of Employment to become the Department for Education and Employment (DfEE).
During new Prime Minister Gordon Brown's Cabinet reshuffle, two new government departments were created to take over the work of the DfES, the Department for Children, Schools and Families and the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills. The latter also took over some of the work of the former Department of Trade and Industry (now the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills).
Ministers in the DfES from 5 May 2006 to 28 June 2007:
- Secretary of State for Education and Skills - The Rt Hon. Alan Johnson MP
- Ministers of State:
- Parliamentary Under-Secretaries of State
The permanent secretary of a UK Department is the senior civil servant. While working under the direction of the political ministers (almost exclusively members of the UK's current governing political party), the PS (and other senior civil servants, especially the Finance Director) has many traditional and statutory responsibilities that are aimed at ensuring that government departments are, as far as possible, run in the public interest.
- David Bell: Jan 2006 - Jun 2007 (subsequently PS of DCSF)
- Sir David Normington: May 2001 - Dec 2005 (DfES)
- Sir Michael Bichard: Jul 1995 - May 2001 (DfES/DfEE)
- Sir Timothy Patrick Lankester: Feb 1994 - Jul 1995 (DfE/DfEE)
- Sir Geoffrey Holland: Jan 1993 - Jan 1994 (DfE)
- Sir John Caines: Jul 1989 - Jan 1993 (DES/DfE)
- Sir David Hancock: May 1983 - June 1989 (DES)
- Sir James Hamilton: May 1976 - May 1983 (DES)
- Sir William Pile: Aug 1970 - May 1976 (DES)
- British Educational Communications and Technology Agency (Becta)
- Learning and Skills Council (LSC)
- United Kingdom budget