Department of Agrarian Reform
|Department of Agrarian Reform|
|Kagawaran ng Repormang Pansakahan|
|Formed||September 1, 1971|
|Headquarters||Elliptical Road, Diliman 1101, Quezon City|
|Annual budget||₱21.4 billion (2013)|
|Department executive||Virgilio de los Reyes, Secretary|
The Philippines' Department of Agrarian Reform (Filipino: Kagawaran ng Repormang Pansakahan, abbreviated as DAR or KRP) is the executive department of the Philippine Government responsible for all land reform in the Philippines.
Land reform in the Philippines had its beginnings in 1962, when Section 49 of Republic Act (RA) 3844, or the Agricultural Land Reform Code, necessitated the creation of the Land Authority. This agency was tasked to implement the policies set forth in RA 3844 and was created on August 8, 1963. Republic Act 3844 reorganized existing agencies involved in tasks related to land reform and realigned their functions towards attaining the common objectives of the land reform program.
On September 10, 1971, President Ferdinand E. Marcos signed the Code of Agrarian Reform of the Philippines into law which established the Department of Agrarian Reform, effectively replacing the Land Authority.
In 1978, the DAR was renamed the Ministry of Agrarian Reform.
On July 26, 1987, following the People Power Revolution, the department was re-organized through Executive Order (EO) No. 129-A.
In 1988, the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law created the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP).
On September 27, 2004, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, signed Executive Order No. 364, and the Department of Agrarian Reform was renamed to Department of Land Reform. This EO also broadened the scope of the department, making it responsible for all land reform in the country. It also placed the Philippine Commission on Urban Poor (PCUP) under its supervision and control. Recognition of the ownership of ancestral domain by indigenous peoples also became the responsibility of this new department, under the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP).
On August 23, 2005, President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo signed Executive Order No. 456 and renamed the Department of Land Reform back to Department of Agrarian Reform, since "the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law goes beyond just land reform but includes the totality of all factors and support services designed to lift the economic status of the beneficiaries."