Department of Trade and Customs (Australia)
|Formed||1 January 1901|
|Dissolved||11 January 1956|
|Superseding agency||Department of Trade (I)|
|Jurisdiction||Commonwealth of Australia|
The Department of Trade and Customs was an Australian government department that existed between 1901 and 1956. It was one of the inaugural government departments of Australia established at federation.
The Department was one of the first seven Commonwealth Government departments to be established in the Federation year, 1901. The first head of the department was Harry Wollaston, appointed in 1901. In that first year, Wollaston and Charles Kingston worked closely together in drafting legislation and the first Commonwealth customs tariff.
Information about the department's functions and/or government funding allocation could be found in the Administrative Arrangements Orders, the annual Portfolio Budget Statements and in the Department's annual reports.
By 1906 the Department was responsible for:
- Customs and Excise;
- designs and patents;
- lighthouses, lightships, beacons, buoys;
- trade and commerce (including navigation and shipping);
- trade marks, dumping, monopolies and combines;
- weights and measures; and the
- censorship of literature and films.
- Stephen Mills (1903–1913; 1913–22);
- Nicholas Lockyer (1911–13);
- P. Whitton (1922–23);
- Robert McKeeman Oakley (1923–27);
- E.T. Hall (1927–33);
- Edwin Abbott (1933–44);
- J.J.F. Kennedy (1944–49);
- W.T. Turner (1949–52); and
- Sir Francis Meere (1952–56).
- CA 10: Department of Trade and Customs, Central Office, National Archives of Australia, retrieved 27 December 2013
- Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, History of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, archived from the original on 12 December 2013
- McDonald, D.I. (1990), "Wollaston, Sir Harry Newton Phillips (1846–1921)", Australian Dictionary of Biography (Australian National University), archived from the original on 6 November 2013
- Trade and customs: Administrative history, National Archives of Australia, archived from the original on 25 April 2013
- CP 171: Stephen MILLS CMG, National Archives of Australia, retrieved 23 January 2014
- McDonald, D.I., "Lockyer, Sir Nicholas Colston (1855–1933)", Australian Dictionary of Biography (Australian National University), archived from the original on 6 November 2013
- CP 195: Robert McKeeman OAKLEY CBE, VD, National Archives of Australia, retrieved 23 January 2014
- "Customs head retiring: Mr. E. Abbott's 50 years' service". The Sydney Morning Herald. 30 June 1944. Archived from the original on 23 January 2014.
- CP 264: Edwin ABBOTT CBE, National Archives of Australia, retrieved 23 January 2014
- CP 245: Sir Francis Anthony MEERE OBE, National Archives of Australia, retrieved 23 January 2014
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