Department of Trade and Industry (United Kingdom)
|Department of Trade and Industry|
Logo of the DTI
|Formation||19 October 1970|
|Extinction||28 June 2007|
|Legal status||Government department|
|Purpose/focus||Economy of the United Kingdom|
The Department of Trade and Industry was a United Kingdom government department formed on 19 October 1970. It was replaced with the creation of the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform and the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills on 28 June 2007.
The department was first formed on 19 October 1970 with the merger of the Board of Trade and the Ministry of Technology, creating a new cabinet post of Secretary of State for Trade and Industry. The new department also took over the Department of Employment's former responsibilities for monopolies and mergers. In January 1974, the department's responsibilities for energy production were transferred to a newly created Department of Energy. On 5 March that year, following a Labour Party victory in the February 1974 general election, the department was split into the Department of Trade, the Department of Industry and the Department of Prices and Consumer Protection.
In 1983 the departments of Trade and Industry were reunited. The Department of Energy was re-merged back into the DTI in 1992, but various media-related functions transferred to the Department for National Heritage. Until it was succeeded in June 2007 the DTI continued to set the energy policy of the United Kingdom.
After the 2005 general election the DTI was renamed to the Department for Productivity, Energy and Industry, but the name reverted to Department of Trade and Industry less than a week later, after widespread derision, including some from the Confederation of British Industry.
The DTI had a wide range of responsibilities. There were ultimately nine main areas covered by the DTI:
- Company Law
- Business Growth
- Employment Law
- Regional Economic Development
- Consumer Law.
Emergent technology 
From 1999 to 2005 it led the national E-Commerce Awards with InterForum, a not for profit membership organisation that helped British businesses to trade electronically. This aimed to encourage Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises to develop their business through the use of E-Commerce technologies.
Corporate policing 
It also had responsibility for investigating misconduct by company directors, in which role Private Eye repeatedly lampooned it as "the Department of Timidity and Inaction".
See also 
- Avanti (project)
- Energy in the United Kingdom
- Restricted Enforcement Unit
- United Kingdom budget
- Business Link – set up by the DTI in 1993
- UK Trade & Investment – set up in 1999
- Special Representative for International Trade and Investment
- GNN news release on creation of BERR
- BIS Website
- "Records created or inherited by the Department of Trade and Industry". National Archives. National Archives. Retrieved December 22, 2012.
- The National Archives, National Digital Archive of Datasets. Department details: Department of Trade and Industry
- BERR history page
- BBC article on renaming to DPEI
- BBC article on reversion of name change