Norwegian Antarctic territories
Norway has three dependent territories within the Antarctic and Subantarctic. These consist of Queen Maud Land (Norwegian: Dronning Maud Land) on Antarctica and Peter I Island (Norwegian: Peter I øy), which both are subject to the Antarctic Treaty System; and the Subantarctic Bouvet Island, which is not. All three dependencies are administrated by the Polar Affairs Department of the Norwegian Ministry of Justice and the Police located in Oslo.
This is in opposite to the two integral unincorporated overseas parts of Norway, Jan Mayen and Svalbard.
- On 14 December 1911 five Norwegians, under the leadership of Roald Amundsen, were the first to reach the South Pole.
- Bouvet Island was claimed in 1927 (formally in 1930; in 1935 the island was declared a nature reserve for seals).
- Peter I Island was claimed in 1929 (formally in 1931).
- Queen Maud Land (45°E to 20°E) was formally claimed as a Norwegian possession on 14 January 1938.
See also