Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
|Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia|
|Style||Yang Amat Berhormat (The Most Honourable)|
|Appointer||Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin|
|Term length||While during the pleasure of Yang di-Pertuan Agong|
|Inaugural holder||Tun Abdul Razak|
|Formation||31 August 1957|
|Salary||RM18,168.15 monthly |
|Website||DPM's official website|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia (Malay: Timbalan Perdana Menteri Malaysia) is the second highest political office in Malaysia. There have been ten deputy prime ministers since the office was created in 1957. The first Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tunku Abdul Rahman, started the convention of appointing a Deputy Prime Minister.
The current Deputy Prime Minister is Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin.
The official residence for Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia is Sri Satria in Putrajaya. Before Sri Satria, the first Deputy Prime Minister official residence is Seri Taman.
Deputy Prime Minister appointment
Although Malaysia has always had a Deputy Prime Minister since independence, a Prime Minister may choose not to appoint a Deputy Prime Minister. The office of Deputy Prime Minister is not provided for in the Constitution of Malaysia. At the same time, a Prime Minister could appoint more than one Deputy Prime Minister, as has occurred before in Singapore.
By the past practice of the component parties of Barisan Nasional (the ruling coalition) of which the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) is the unofficial leader, the UMNO Deputy President is appointed Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia by the Prime Minister of Malaysia (who is the UMNO President). In the organizational structure of Barisan Nasional, the President and Deputy President of UMNO are automatically made the President and Deputy President of Barisan Nasional. Only once this position was not held by Deputy President of UMNO which when Tun Ghafar Baba held the office for a year as a Vice President of UMNO (1986-1987).
Death,resignation and firing
Tun Dr Ismail Abdul Rahman died in office due to massive heart attack in 1973. Tun Musa Hitam is the first resigning from this position in 1986 and followed by Tun Ghaffar Baba in 1993. Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim was the first fired from this position in 1998. Interestingly, Tun Ghafar Baba is the first Deputy Prime Minister to have a second wives.
Call for Second Deputy Prime Minister
In October 2008, Dato Liow Tiong Lai who was then the outgoing National Youth Chief of the Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA) raised the prospect of a second Deputy Chairman of Barisan Nasional to be appointed from among its component parties. The call was made at the MCA's internal party elections. As the Deputy Chairman of Barisan Nasional would be appointed the Deputy Prime Minister, it would mean creating a second Deputy Prime Minister position for Malaysia. Observers felt that Liow's proposal was simply a gimmick for him to win the internal MCA party elections.
While MCA accepted UMNO's leadership of the Barisan Nasional coalition, MCA felt that its seniority in the coalition should be reflected through a second Deputy Chairman's position that would be filled by MCA. Liow said, "MCA is the second largest component party. The proposed deputy president should be represented by the MCA."
Various MCA leaders backed Liow's proposal. Dato Wee Ka Siong who was the incoming MCA youth chief (then), said: "It (Barisan top leadership) must be well represented. We don’t want to see any kind of perception that Barisan is nominated by one or two parties. We don’t want to paint a picture where Barisan is dominated by one party and its decisions are accepted by the rest." Tan Sri Chan Kong Choy, MCA's deputy president (then) said: "The history in Barisan Nasional shows that there is no hard and fast rule that only the senior leaders of any party can automatically assume the positions in the coalition. Tan Sri Michael Chen (a former MCA deputy president) was the Barisan Nasional secretary-general in 1974."
In response to Liow's call, the Deputy Prime Minister (then) Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin said, "The present Barisan setup is still workable. There is a history behind why the Barisan chairman is the Prime Minister and the deputy chairman is the Deputy Prime Minister and all the heads of the component parties become vice-chairmen. Since 1974 when Barisan was formed, it has been working very well. I don’t think it is correct to say you cannot express your views because your post is only a vice-chairman. Sometimes you come and don’t say anything at all, then even if you become deputy, it’s useless."
Liow had planned to raise the issue at the Barisan Nasional level after the MCA had approved it. After winning his internal party elections, Liow, who had become the new MCA Vice President said: "One step at a time. Let us reform Barisan first. We reform Barisan, (and only) then we will reform the government."
List of Deputy Prime Ministers of Malaysia
|Picture||Took Office||Left Office||Party||Coalition|
|1||Tun Abdul Razak
MP for Pekan
|31 August 1957||22 September 1970||UMNO||AP|
|2||Tun Dr Ismail Abdul Rahman
MP for Johor Bahru
|22 September 1970||2 August 1973||UMNO||AP|
|3||Tun Hussein Onn
MP for Johor Bahru Timur
|13 August 1973||15 January 1976||UMNO||AP (1973-1974)
|4||Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad
MP for Kubang Pasu
|15 September 1978||16 July 1981||UMNO||BN|
|5||Tun Musa Hitam
MP for Kota Tinggi
|18 July 1981||16 March 1986||UMNO||BN|
|6||Tun Abdul Ghafar Baba
MP for Jasin
|10 May 1986||15 October 1993||UMNO||BN|
|7||Dato' Sri Anwar Ibrahim
MP for Permatang Pauh
|1 December 1993||2 September 1998||UMNO||BN|
|8||Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
MP for Kepala Batas
|8 January 1999||31 October 2003||UMNO||BN|
|9||Dato' Sri Mohd Najib Tun Abdul Razak
MP for Pekan
|7 January 2004||3 April 2009||UMNO||BN|
|10||Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin
MP for Pagoh
|10 April 2009||Incumbent||UMNO||BN|
- PM and cabinet ministers salary
- The Star, 17 October 2008. Liow proposes one more Barisan deputy chairman (updated). URL: http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2008/10/17/nation/20081017105342&sec=nation
- The Star, ‘Deputy chairmanship in BN will reflect MCA’s seniority’. URL: http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2008/10/17/nation/20081017124325&sec=nation
- The Star, 21 October 2008. Muhyiddin: Barisan parties need to band together. URL: http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2008/10/21/nation/20081021193833&sec=nation
- The Star, 28th October 2008. Liow: Consult MCA on second BN deputy chairman position. URL: http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2008/10/28/nation/2389131&sec=nation