Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden

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Deputy to the Prime Minister of Sweden
Statsministerns ställföreträdare
Coat of arms of Sweden (Lesser).svg
Lesser coat of arms of Sweden
Jan Björklund l.jpg
Incumbent
Jan Björklund

since October 5, 2010
Appointer The Prime Minister
Term length No fixed term,
Serves at the pleasure of the Prime Minister
Inaugural holder Gunnar Sträng
Formation January 1, 1975
Website www.sweden.gov.se
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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Sweden
Foreign relations

The Swedish constitution allows the Prime Minister to appoint one of the Ministers in the cabinet as Deputy Prime Minister (statsministers ställföreträdare, sometimes unofficially known as vice statsminister), in case the Prime Minister for some reason is prevented from performing his or her duties. However, if a Deputy Prime Minister has not been appointed, the Minister in the cabinet who has served the longest time (and if there are several with equal experience the one who is oldest) takes over as head of government (these are marked in italic in the table below).

The role and position of a Deputy Prime Minister may vary. In the four last coalition governments, Fälldin III, Bildt and Reinfeldt I and II, the Deputy Prime Minister was the head of the second-largest coalition partner (Liberals in Fälldin III, Bildt and Reinfeldt II, Centre in Reinfeldt I). In the governments Fälldin I and II, however, the Deputy Prime Ministership belonged to the Liberal Party despite the fact that it was the smallest of the three members. The reason for this might be ascribed to an unwillingness on behalf of the Centre and Liberals to give this position to the Moderates, due to ideological differences. In all of these governments, however, the Deputy Prime Minister also had a regular Cabinet portfolio.

The situation is different in the one-party governments that have existed since the position of Deputy Prime Minister was introduced in 1976, namely the Liberal Ullsten government and the Social Democratic governments Palme II, Carlsson I-III and Persson. While Mona Sahlin might well have been described as something of a "successor-in-waiting" (even if she ultimately did not succeed Ingvar Carlsson to the Prime Ministership), the other Deputy Prime Ministers have tended to be older and experienced politicians who have often been in charge of coordinating the work of the Government and may also have been in charge of some policy areas of their own which were not substantial enough to warrant a full-time Cabinet position, such as Bo Ringholm, who was Minister of Sport concurrently with being Deputy Prime Minister.

Historically, under the 1809 Instrument of Government the Minister of Foreign Affairs (the "second excellency" and to date the only formal "minister" save for the Prime Minister, the other cabinet members' formal title being Councillor of State for... etc) was to act as acting Prime Minister should he be able not to perform his duties. With the enactment of the 1974 Instrument of Government and the inauguration of Thorbjörn Fälldin's three-party cabinet in 1976, Per Ahlmark was formally sworn in as the first to hold the office.

List of officeholders[edit]

Color key

      Independent       Social Democratic       Moderate       Centre       Left       Liberal People's       Christian Democrats       Green       Sweden Democrats

List[edit]

Deputy Prime Minister Term of Office Party Prime Minister (Cabinet) Position
Per Almark
Per Ahlmark
October 8, 1976 –
March 7, 1978
Liberal People's Party Thorbjörn Fälldin
(Fälldin I)
Minister for Employment
Ola Ullsten
Ola Ullsten
March 7, 1978 –
October 18, 1978
Liberal People's Party Minister for International Development Cooperation

Sven Romanus
October 18, 1978 –
October 12, 1979
Independent Ola Ullsten
(Ullsten)
Minister for Justice
Ingemar Mundebo
Ingemar Mundebo
October 12, 1979 –
August 1, 1980
Liberal People's Party Thorbjörn Fälldin
(Fälldin II)
Ola Ullsten
Ola Ullsten
August 1, 1980 –
October 8, 1982
Liberal People's Party Thorbjörn Fälldin
(Fälldin II
Minister for Foreign Affairs
Thorbjörn Fälldin
(III)
Ingvar Carlsson
Ingvar Carlsson
October 8, 1982 –
February 28, 1986
Social Democrats Olof Palme
(Palme II)
Minister for the Environment
Svante Lundkvist February 28, 1986 –
October 9, 1986
Social Democrats Ingvar Carlsson
(Carlsson I)
Minister for Agriculture
Kjell-Olof Feldt
Kjell-Olof Feldt
October 9, 1986 –
February 16, 1990
Social Democrats Minister for Finance
Lena Hjelm-Wallén February 16, 1990 –
February 27, 1990
Social Democrats Minister for International Development Cooperation
Odd Engström February 27, 1990 –
October 4, 1991
Social Democrats Ingvar Carlsson
(Carlsson II)
Bengt Westerberg
Bengt Westerberg
October 4, 1991 –
October 7, 1994
Liberal People's Party Carl Bildt
(Bildt)
Minister for Health and Social Affairs
Mona Sahlin
Mona Sahlin
October 7, 1994 –
November 16, 1995
Social Democrats Ingvar Carlsson
(Carlsson III)
Minister for Gender Equality
Lena Hjelm-Wallén November 16, 1995 –
October 21, 2002
Social Democrats Minister for Foreign Affairs
Göran Persson
(Persson)
Margareta Winberg October 21, 2002 –
October 31, 2003
Social Democrats Minister for Gender Equality
Marita Ulvskog
Marita Ulvskog
October 31, 2003 –
June 1, 2004
Social Democrats Minister for Culture and Sports
Lars Engkvist
Lars Engqvist
June 1, 2004 –
October 1, 2004
Social Democrats Minister for Health and Social Affairs
Laila Freivalds
Laila Freivalds
October 1, 2004 –
November 1, 2004
Social Democrats Minister for Foreign Affairs
Bosse Ringholm
Bosse Ringholm
November 1, 2004 –
October 6, 2006
Social Democrats Minister for European Union Affairs
Maud Olofsson
Maud Olofsson
October 6, 2006 –
October 5, 2010
Centre Party Fredrik Reinfeldt
(Reinfeldt I)
Minister for Enterprise and Energy
Jan Björklund
Jan Björklund
October 5, 2010 –
Liberal People's Party Fredrik Reinfeldt
(Reinfeldt II)
Minister for Education

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]