Der Himmel dacht auf Anhalts Ruhm und Glück, BWV 66a

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Der Himmel dacht auf Anhalts Ruhm und Glück (Since heaven cared for Anhalt's fame and bliss), BWV 66a, is a congratulatory cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach. The work was first performed in Köthen on 10 December 1718.

History[edit]

Bach composed the secular cantata or serenata in 1718 in Köthen to celebrate the twenty-fourth birthday of Leopold, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen on 10 December. The cantata text was by Christian Friedrich Hunold.[1] Bach and Hunold also wrote Lobet den Herrn, alle seine Heerscharen, BWV Anh5 for the same birthday.

Hunold's text was included in a collection which he published the following year and has thus survived.[2] Bach's music has been lost, but there is scope for its reconstruction as he recycled some of it in at least one sacred work.

Bach adapted several movements for his 1724 cantata for Easter Monday, Erfreut euch, ihr Herzen, BWV 66. While the structure of the sacred cantata is different (it is closed with a chorale, and it opens with music from the closing movement of the secular cantata),[3] Bach preserved the original dialogue form in which two allegorical figures appear. For Die Glückseeligkeit Anhalts (Fortune of Anhalt) and Fama (Fame), he substituted the alto "Fear" in place of Fortune and the tenor "Hope" in place of Fame.

John Eliot Gardiner has suggested that instrumental music from the lost cantata, a sinfonia, appears in Am Abend aber desselbigen Sabbats, BWV 42, which was first performed in 1725.[4]

Structure[edit]

The work has eight movements:[5]

  1. Recitative: Der Himmel dacht' auf Anhalts Ruhm und Glück
  2. Aria: Traget ihr Lüffte den Jubel von hinnen
  3. Duet recitative: Die Klugheit auf dem Thron zu sehn
  4. Duet aria: Ich weiche nun; ich will der Erden sagen
  5. Duet recitative: Wie weit bist du mit Anhälts Götter-Ruhm
  6. Aria: Beglücktes Land von süsser Ruh und Stille!
  7. Duet recitative: Nun theurer Fürst! der seinen Purpur schmücket
  8. Chorus: Es strahle die Sonne

Recordings[edit]

  • Mitteldeutsche Hofmusik, Alexander Grychtolik. Ruhm und Glück (Fame and Happiness). Rondeau Production, 2012.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cantata BWV 66a". Bach Cantatas Website. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Auserlesene und theils noch nie gedruckte Gedichte (Selected and partly never printed poems). Halle.  1719.
  3. ^ Quinn, John (2007). "Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) / The Bach Cantata Pilgrimage - Volume 22 / Cantatas for Easter". MusicWeb International. 
  4. ^ Gardiner, John Eliot (2007). "Cantatas for the First Sunday after Easter (Quasimodogeniti) / Johann-Sebastian-Bach-Kirche, Arnstadt" (PDF). Bach Cantatas Website. p. 5. Retrieved 2013. 
  5. ^ "BWV 66a". University of Alberta. Retrieved 23 July 2013.