Der Orchideengarten

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Der Orchideengarten
Der Orchideengarten, 1920 cover (Leidlein).jpg
Der Orchideengarten, 1920 cover
Editor Karl Hans Strobl
Alfons von Czibulka
Categories Fantasy fiction magazines
First issue 1919
Company Drerlanderverlag
Country Germany
Language German

Der Orchideengarten ('The Orchids-garden'; subtitled Phantastische Blätter or 'Fantastic Pages') was a German magazine that was published for 51 issues from January, 1919 until November, 1921.[1] Founded four years before the American magazine Weird Tales was initiated in March 1923, it is considered to be the first fantasy magazine.[2] Also described as largely 'supernatural horror', it was edited by World War I correspondent and freelance writer Karl Hans Strobl[3] and Alfons von Czibulka,[4] published by Dreiländerverlag. It had 24 pages per issue printed on rough book paper.[1]

The magazine included a wide selection of new and reprinted stories by both German-language and foreign writers. The main source of the translated material Der Orchideengarteen published was French literature; Der Orchideengarten published works by such authors as Voltaire, Charles Nodier, Guy de Maupassant, Théophile Gautier, Victor Hugo,[5] Villiers de l'Isle-Adam [6] and Guillaume Apollinaire.[7] Other noted writers such as Apuleius, [8] Charles Dickens, Pushkin, Edgar Allan Poe, Washington Irving, Amelia Edwards,[1] Nathaniel Hawthorne, H. G. Wells, Valery Bryusov and Karel and Josef Čapek were all published in Der Ochideengarten. [5] German language writers for the magazine included Strobl, H.H. Schmizt, Leo Perutz and Alexander Moritz Frey,[8] as well as reprinted stories by E. T. A. Hoffmann.[6] Illustrations included reproductions of medieval woodcuts and pictures by Gustave Dore and Tony Johannot, as well as contemporary artists such as Rolf von Hoerschelmann (1885–1947), Otto Linnekogel (1892–1981), Karl Ritter (1888-?), Heinrich Kley, Alfred Kubin, [5] Eric Godal (1899–1969), Carl Rabus, (1898–1982) (famous for his work in the magazine Jugend) [8] Otto Nückel and Max Schenke (1891–1957).[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Halbert W. Hall, Science/fiction collections: fantasy, supernatural & weird tales. Routledge, 1983, p.89.
  2. ^ Ashley, Michael (2000). The time machines: the story of the science-fiction pulp magazines from the beginning to 1950.. Liverpool UP. p. 15. ISBN 9780853238553. 
  3. ^ Paijmans, Theo. "At the dark heart of Lemuria, 1917". The Black Sun. Retrieved 3 January 2010.  more on Strobl
  4. ^ Paijmans, Theo. "Garden of Orchids". The Black Sun. Retrieved 3 January 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c Franz Rottensteiner, The Fantasy Book: An Illustrated History From Dracula To Tolkien. Collier Books, 1978, ISBN 0020535600 (pp. 82–83).
  6. ^ a b Studien zur philosophie und literatur des neunzehnten jahrhunderts, Volume 1 Klostermann, 1968 (pp. 210–13).
  7. ^ A short story, "Cox-City!" from Apollinaire's book L'Hérèsiarque et Cie appeared in the February 15, 1919 issue; the author's name was given as "Apollinarius, Wileem". See Willard Bohn, Apollinaire and the international avant-garde, SUNY Press, 1997, ISBN 0791431959 (pp. 115, 329).
  8. ^ a b c d Sennewald, Adolf. Deutsche Buchillustratoren im ersten Drittel des 20. Jahrhunderts. Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, 1999, ISBN 3447042281. (pp. 59, 115, 138, 155, 166, 173),

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