|— Town —|
|Organized||September 1, 1955|
|• Total||57.6 sq mi (149.2 km2)|
|• Land||49.6 sq mi (128.6 km2)|
|• Water||8.0 sq mi (20.7 km2)|
|Elevation||1,011 ft (307 m)|
|• Density||92.8/sq mi (35.8/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1462081|
Derby is a town in Orleans County, Vermont, United States. The population was 4,604 at the 2000 census. The town contains four unincorporated villages: Beebe Plain, Clyde Pond, Lake Salem and North Derby; and two incorporated villages: Derby Center and Derby Line. The Town of Derby encompasses the largest area in the county.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 57.6 square miles (149.2 km2), of which 49.6 square miles (128.5 km2) is land and 8.0 square miles (20.7 km2) (13.87%) is water. The town lies in the northernmost part of Orleans County, forming part of Vermont's border with Canada, and is otherwise bordered to the east by Holland, the southeast by Morgan and Charleston, the southwest by Coventry and Brownington, and to the west by Lake Memphremagog.
Derby is represented by Robert Lewis (R-Derby) and Lynn Batchelor (R-Derby Line) in the Orleans-1 district of the Vermont House of Representatives. It is represented by Vincent Illuzzi (R-Derby) and Robert Starr (D-North Troy) in the Essex-Orleans district of the Vermont Senate.
- Moderator - H. Kendrick Young
- Selectmen - Stephen Gendreau (2010), Brian Smith (2010)
- Lister - Tom Roberts
- Budget - $2,124,460
School district 
- Director, North Country Union High School - Jesse Tatum (2010)
- Director - James Erwin (2009)
- Budget - $4,446,922
|This section requires expansion. (March 2007)|
On October 31, 1866, the town erected a granite monument at Derby Center in honor of those who died in the Civil War. It is inscribed: "In Memory of the Volunteers from Derby, who Lost their Lives in the Great Rebellion, 1861-’65.” It lists the names of fifty-three men from Derby. It is the oldest community memorial to that war in the United States.
The failed town of Salem was annexed to Derby by an act of the legislature of 1880, and took effect March 1, 1881. This increased the land size of Derby so it became the largest in Orleans County.
Like many Orleans County towns, Derby grew in population until 1890, after which the depression (then called "panics") of 1893 affected the local economy and agricultural prices. Population fluctuated until it hit a bottom in 1940. The town has grown steadily since.
In 1917, the city of Newport was formed from portions of the towns of Newport (the former village of Newport) and Derby (the former village of West Derby).
In 1928, the Canadian Gateway Airport opened off Vermont 111, within walking distance from Derby Center. It was the third airport constructed in the state. The larger and older airport, Burlington, was given the designation of "entry airport" from Canada resulting in the closure of Gateway in 1933.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,604 people, 1,832 households, and 1,319 families residing in the town. The population density was 92.8 people per square mile (35.8/km2). There were 2,258 housing units at an average density of 45.5 per square mile (17.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.57% White, 0.28% African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, and 1.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.67% of the population.
There were 1,832 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.1% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the town the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.
Personal income 
As of the census of 2000, the median income for a household in the town was $35,313, and the median income for a family was $39,688. Males had a median income of $31,120 versus $21,940 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,192. About 8.8% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.
When the village of West Derby wanted to merge with its neighbor, the newly created city of Newport in 1917, the town of Derby was only too happy to let them go. They wanted too many expensive services that the town was not prepared to furnish.
New construction is overflowing Newport onto the Newport-Derby Road (US Route 5). Already built are two supermarkets, Shaw's and Price Chopper. Wal-Mart received a permit to build a 147,000-square-foot (13,700 m2) store in 2005. They have allowed this permit to lapse. Lowe's has requested an Act 250 permit for a 112,000 sq ft (10,400 m2) store. Should Lowe's build, that will be their third store in Vermont. The headquarters of the Community National Bank is located in Derby.
Indoor Recreation of Orleans County (IROC) was constructed in 2004 and features a sports arena, aquatic center and a multipurpose gymnasium facility that can be utilized for a range of sports, including basketball, volleyball and indoor soccer.
- WMOO - 92.1 FM; Derby Center
Notable people 
- Charles Kendall Adams, educator and historian
- Portus Baxter, banker, politician
- Enoch Chase, Wisconsin state senator
- Horace Chase, mayor of Milwaukee, Wisconsin
- Josiah Grout, 46th governor of Vermont
- Vincent Illuzzi, state senator
- Willie Johnston, Civil War era Medal of Honor recipient; known as the "Little Drummer Boy"
- William Tyler, first Catholic bishop of the Diocese of Hartford
With 103 miles (166 km), Derby has the most miles of road of any town or city in Orleans County. Derby also has the most Class 3 roads (dirt) of any town in Orleans County.
Interstate 91 has two interchanges, and its northern terminus, in Derby.
The Rural Community Transportation provides buses for general use, four buses north and south during the week from west Newport city to Derby Center, and two buses each way on Saturday. The fare is US 25 cents. These provide special services for the handicapped and the elderly upon request.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Vermont Villages, Towns, Counties
- [dead link]
- Vermont Water Quality report retrieved June 8, 2008
- Vermont Water Quality report Basin 17 retrieved June 8, 2008
- Voters approve sewer spending,The Chronicle,March 7, 2007, page 3
- "Townships Heritage Web Magazine". A Distant Drum: The War of 1812 in Missisquoi County. Retrieved 2006-01-02.[dead link]
- Gazetteer of Lamoille and Orleans Counties, VT.; 1883-1884, Compiled and Published by Hamilton Child; May 1887
- Ishinan. "XX indexVermont". Rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved 2012-01-25.
- The Northland Journal, November 2008, page 15, "Civil War Monument in Derby - Oldest Community Memorial to that War in the United States", Scott Wheeler
- Vermont Genealogy Resources - Derby, Orleans County
- Wheeler, Scott (June 2010). "Remembering the Canadian Gateway Airport in Derby". Vermont's Northland Journal 9 (3): 4–10.
- "Don "Sleepy" McNally:from Vaudeville to Drive-in Pioneer". Vermont's Northland Journal 7 (4): 3. July 2008.
- Gresser, Joseph (February 13, 2008). Lowes seeks permit for big box store. the Chronicle.
- "Home". Community National Bank. 2011-12-08. Retrieved 2012-01-25.
- [dead link]
- "VINCENT 'VINCE' ILLUZZI'S BIOGRAPHY". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved February 2, 2013.
- Microsoft Word - 2004 Miles by County-Town.rtf
- Rural Community Transportation Large Format Bus Schedule - The Highlander (Newport/Derby/Derby Line. 2008.
- "Indian Joe", 18th century resident
- Local history from the Orleans County Historical Society