Derby (UK Parliament constituency)

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Derby
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1295–1950 (split)
Number of members two

Derby is a former United Kingdom Parliamentary constituency. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1950. It was represented by two members of parliament. It was divided into the single-member constituencies of Derby North and Derby South in 1950.

History[edit]

Derby regularly sent two representatives to Parliament from Edward I’s reign.

In 1950 the constituency was abolished and replaced by the two single-member constituencies of Derby North and Derby South.

Members of Parliament[edit]

1294–1640[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1294 William de la Cornere Randalph Makeneye[1]
1297 William Bourne de Derby Nicklos de Lorimer[1]
1299 Nicklos de Lorimor Gervase de Derby[1]
1301 Gervase de Wilnye Adam le Rede[1]
1304 John de la Corne Richard Cardoyl[1]
1305 John de Chaddesdon Gervase de Wileyne[1]
1306 Hugh Alibon Peter la Chapman[1]
1307 John Chaddesdon Gervase de Wilney[1]
1310 Henry Alwaston Thomas de Stade[1]
1311 Thomas del Sted Henry Bindetton[1]
1312 Geffry de Leycestre Robert de Breydsale[1]
1313 John Fitz John Henry Lomb[1]
1314 Adam le Rede William de Aleby[1]
1314 William de Aleby Adam le Rede[1]
1318 Simon de Chester Richard Breddon[1]
1318 Alexander de Holand John de Weston[1]
1325 Henry le Carpenter John Fitz Richard[1]
1327 John Fitz Gilbert Ferhun Tutbury[1]
1328 Simon de Chester John Collings[1]
1328 Thomas Tulaxbar Geffry Snayth[1]
1330 Simon de Nottingham John de Weston[1]
1333 Hugh Allibon John Gibbonson[1]
1334 John Gibbonson  ?[1]
1335 Nicholas Langford John Fitz Thomas[1]
1336 Simon de Chester John Gibbonson[1]
1337 John Fitz William Thomas Tuttebury[1]
1338 William de Derby John Hache Robert Allibon[1]
1338 William de Derby Robert de Weston[1]
1338 Simon de Chester Robert Allibon[1]
1338 Henry del Howe Robert Saundry[1]
1339 Alexander Holland John Weston[1]
1339 John Gibbonson Thomas Preston[1]
1339 Thomas Tutbury Thomas Thurmondsley[1]
1341 Thomas de Tutbury Thomas Derby[1]
1341 Richard de Trowell Peter de Quarndon[1]
1342 Simon de Nottingham Thomas de Derby[1]
1344 William de Nottingham Simon de Chester[1]
1348 William de Chaddesdon Thomas de Tutbury[1]
1350 William Gilbert John de Chaddesdon[1]
1351 Thomas Tutbury William de Derby[1]
1354 William Chester Richard Chelford[1]
1355 Thomas Tutbury Henry Diddound[1]
1355 Edmund Toucher John Bech[1]
1356 William Ennington William Nayle[1]
1358 William de Chester William Nayle[1]
1361 Peter Prentice William de Rossington[1]
1362 Peter Prentice William de Rossington[1]
1363 John Trowell John Weeke[1]
1364 John Bradon Robert Allibon[1]
1365 William Chester John Gilbert[1]
1366 John Berd William Sese[1]
1369 John de Brakkerley William Glasyere[1]
1370 John Preest John de Brakkerley[1]
1372 John Trowell  ?[1]
1373 William Chester John Gilbert[1]
1374 William Pakeman Roger Allibon[1]
1377 William Groos John de Berdee[1]
1378 John Hay Richard de Trowell[1]
1378 Henry Flanstead Roger Allibon[1]
1379 Richard Dell Roger Ashe[1]
1382 Thomas Toppeleyse John Hay[1]
1383 William Pakeman John Bowyer[1]
1383 Richard de Trowell John Gibbon[1]
1384 Richard Sherman John de Stockes[1]
1385 Richard Trowell John Dell[1]
1386 John Stokkes John Prentice I[2]
1388 (Feb) William Pakeman Thomas Tappely[2]
1388 (Sep) William Pakeman Hugh Adam[2]
1390 (Jan) John Stokkes John Hay[2]
1390 (Nov)
1391 Richard Sherman Thomas Docking[2]
1393 John Stokkes Richard Trowell[2]
1394
1395 John Stokkes William Groos[2]
1397 (Jan) William Groos Thomas Shore[2]
1397 (Sep) William Groos Thomas Shore[2]
1399 John Stokkes Thomas Docking[2]
1401
1402 Elias Stokkes Richard Trowell[2]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct) John Prentice II John Stokkes[2]
1406 Thomas Goldsmith John Fairclough[2]
1407
1410
1411 John Brasier Thomas Shore[2]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Elias Stokkes[2]
1414 (Apr) John Prentice II Robert Bolton[2]
1414 (Nov) Elias Stokkes Thomas Ridgeway[2]
1415
1416 (Mar) Elias Stokkes Roger Wolley[2]
1416 (Oct)
1417 Robert Ireland Thomas Steppingstones[2]
1419 John Sparham Ralph Shore[2]
1420 Richard Brown Robert Smith[2]
1421 (May) Ralph Shore Thomas Stokkes[2]
1421 (Dec) Ralph Shore John Spicer[2]
1422 John Stokes John Barker[1]
1423 John de Both Elias Dell[1]
1424 John Stokes Elias Dell[1]
1425 Roger Wolley Henry Crabbe[1]
1427 Nicholas Meysham John de Stokkys[1]
1429 John de Bath Elias Stokkys[1]
1430 Thomas Stokkes Robert Smith[1]
1432 John Booth Robert Sutton[1]
1434 John Bothe Thomas Stokeys[1]
1436 Thomas Stokks Elias Tildesley[1]
1441 Thomas Stokkys Henry Spicer[1]
1446 Thomas Chatley Robert Mundy[1]
1448 Thomas Chatterley John Spicer[disambiguation needed][1]
1449 Richard Chitterley Thomas Chitterley[1]
1450 Thomas Acard Thomas Bradshawe[1]
1454 John Bird Edward Lovel[1]
1459 John Bird William Hunter[1]
1468 Thomas Bakynton Thomas Allestre[1]
1473 John Newton Roger Wilkinson[1]
1478 John Briddle John Newton[1]
1510–1523 No names known[3]
1529 Thomas Ward Henry Ainsworth[3]
1536 ?
1539 ?
1542 Thomas Sutton William Allestry[3]
1545 Thomas Sutton William Allestry[3]
1547 Thomas Sutton Robert Ragg[3]
1553 (Mar) Robert Ragg William Allestry[3]
1553 (Oct) Thomas Sutton George Cherneley[3]
1554 (Apr) William Allestry George Stringer[3]
1554 (Nov) William More William Bainbridge[3]
1555 Richard Ward William Allestry[3]
1558 James Thatcher William Bainbridge[3]
1558/9 Richard Doughty William Bainbridge[4]
1562/3 William More William Bainbridge[4]
1571 Robert Stringer William Bainbridge[4]
1572 Robert Stringer Tristram Tyrwhitt, expelled
and repl. 1576 by
Robert Bainbridge[4]
1584 Sir Henry Beaumont William Botham[4]
1586 (Sep) William Botham Robert Bainbridge[4]
1588/9 Richard Fletcher William Botham[4]
1593 Robert Stringer William Botham[4]
1597 Henry Duport Robert Stringer[4]
1601 (Oct) Peter Eure John Baxter[4]
1604–1611 John Baxter Edward Sleighe
1614 Gilbert Kniveton
1621–1622 Timothy Leeving Edward Leech
1624 Timothy Leeving Sir Edward Leech
1625 Timothy Leeving Sir Edward Leech
1626 Sir Henry Crofts John Thoroughgood
1628–1629 Philip Mainwaring Timothy Leeving
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned

1640–1945[edit]

Year First member First party Second member Second party
November 1640 William Allestry Royalist Nathaniel Hallowes Parliamentarian
October 1643 Allestry disabled to sit – seat vacant
1645 Thomas Gell
December 1648 Gell excluded in Pride's Purge – seat vacant
1653 Derby was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 Gervase Bennet Derby had only one seat in the First and
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 John Dalton
May 1659 Nathaniel Hallowes One seat vacant
April 1660 Roger Allestry John Dalton
1665 Anchitell Grey
1679 George Vernon
1685 William Allestry John Coke
1689 Anchitell Grey
1690 Robert Wilmot
1695 Lord Henry Cavendish John Bagnold
1698 George Vernon
1701 Lord James Cavendish Sir Charles Pye
1701 John Harpur
1702 Thomas Stanhope
1705 Lord James Cavendish Sir Thomas Parker Whig
1710 Richard Pye
1710 Sir Richard Levinge John Harpur
1711 Edward Mundy
1713 Nathaniel Curzon
1715 Lord James Cavendish William Stanhope Whig
1722 Thomas Bayley
1727 William Stanhope Whig
1730 Charles Stanhope
1736 John Stanhope
1742 Viscount Duncannon
1748 Thomas Rivett
1754 Lord Frederick Cavendish George Venables-Vernon
1762 William Fitzherbert
1772 Wenman Coke
1775 John Gisborne
1776 Daniel Parker Coke
1780 Lord George Cavendish Edward Coke
1797 George Walpole
1806 William Cavendish
1807 Thomas Coke
1807 Edward Coke
1812 Henry Frederick Compton Cavendish Whig
1818 Thomas Wenman Coke
1826 Samuel Crompton
1830 Edward Strutt Whig
1835 John Ponsonby Whig
1847[5] Hon. Frederick Leveson-Gower Whig
1848 Michael Thomas Bass Whig Laurence Heyworth Whig
1852 Thomas Berry Horsfall[6] Conservative
1853 Laurence Heyworth Whig
1857 Liberal Samuel Beale Liberal
1865 William Thomas Cox Conservative
1868 Samuel Plimsoll Liberal
1880 Sir William Vernon-Harcourt Liberal
1883 Thomas Roe Liberal
1895 Sir Henry Howe Bemrose Conservative Geoffrey Drage Conservative
1900 Sir Thomas Roe Liberal Richard Bell Labour
1904 Liberal
1910 James Henry Thomas Labour
1916 Sir William Job Collins Liberal
1918 Albert Green Conservative
1922 Charles Henry Roberts Liberal
1923 William Robert Raynes Labour
1924 Sir Richard Harman Luce Conservative
1929 William Robert Raynes Labour
1931 William Allan Reid Conservative National Labour
1936 Philip Noel-Baker Labour
1945 Clifford Wilcock Labour
1950 Constituency split into North and South divisions

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Sir Thomas Roe
Richard Bell
General Election 1900 Derby[7]

Electorate 18,270

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Green tickYSir Thomas Roe 7,922 26.6 +3.7
Labour Green tickYRichard Bell 7,640 25.7 n/a
Conservative Sir H.H. Bemrose 7,397 24.9
Conservative G. Drage 6,775 22.8
Majority 243 0.8
Turnout 84.5
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1906 Derby[7]

Electorate 19,543

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Green tickYRichard Bell 10,361 31.0
Liberal Green tickYSir Thomas Roe 10,239 30.6
Conservative J H E Holford 6,421 19.2
Conservative Edward George Spencer-Churchill 6,409 19.2
Majority 3,818 11.4
Turnout 87.6
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910 Derby[7]

Electorate 20,113

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Green tickYSir Thomas Roe 10,343 28.3
Labour Green tickYJames Henry Thomas 10,189 27.9
Conservative Arthur Edward Beck 8,038 22.0
Conservative A Page 7,953 21.8
Majority
Turnout 92.5
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
Liberal hold Swing
General Election December 1910 Derby[7]

Electorate 20,113

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Green tickYSir Thomas Roe 9,515 35.5
Labour Green tickYJames Henry Thomas 9,144 34.1
Conservative Arthur Edward Beck 8,160 30.4
Majority 984 3.7
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing

General Election 1914/15: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

Sir WJ Collins
Derby by-election, 1916
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir William Job Collins Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General Election 1918[8]

Electorate 61,538

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Rt Hon. James Henry Thomas 25,145 37.8
Unionist Green tickYAlbert Green 14,920 22.4
Liberal William Blews Rowbotham 13,408 20.2
National Democratic Capt. Harold M Smith 13,012 19.6
Turnout 65.5
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
Majority 1,512 2.2
Labour hold Swing
Majority 11,737 17.6

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Charles Roberts
General Election 1922[8]

Electorate 62,194

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Rt Hon. James Henry Thomas 25,215 27.0
Liberal Green tickY Charles Henry Roberts 24,068 25.8
Unionist Albert Green 22,240 23.9
Labour William Robert Raynes 21,677 23.3
Turnout 84.0
Majority 1,828 1.9
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing
Majority 2,975 3.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1923[8]

Electorate 63,569

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Rt Hon. James Henry Thomas 24,887
Labour Green tickY William Robert Raynes 20,318
Unionist H Fitz-H Wright 20,070
Liberal Charles Henry Roberts 10,669
Independent Unionist T C Newbold 9,772
Turnout
Majority
Labour hold Swing
Majority
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
James Henderson Stewart
General Election 1924[8]

Electorate 65,531

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Rt Hon. James Henry Thomas 27,423 25.7
Unionist Green tickY Sir Richard Harman Luce 25,425 23.8
Labour William Robert Raynes 25,172 23.6
Unionist Mrs Hilda Hulse 21,700 20.3
Liberal James Henderson Stewart 7,083 6.6
Turnout 85.2
Majority 5,723 5.4
Labour hold Swing
Majority 353 0.2
Unionist gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1929[8]

Electorate 85,250

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Rt Hon. James Henry Thomas 39,688
Labour Green tickY William Robert Raynes 36,237
Unionist Sir Richard Harman Luce 24,553
Unionist J A Aiton 20,443
Liberal Lawrence du Garde Peach 11,317
Turnout
Majority
Labour hold Swing
Majority
Labour gain from Unionist Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931[8]

Electorate 85,542

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Labour Green tickY Rt Hon. James Henry Thomas 49,257 36.4
Conservative Green tickY William Allan Reid 47,729 34.3
Labour William Robert Raynes 21,841 15.7
Labour Walter Halls 20,241 14.6
Majority 27,4168 19.7
Turnout 84.5
National Labour hold Swing
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1935[8]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Green tickY William Allan Reid 37,707 30.19
National Labour Green tickY Rt Hon. James Henry Thomas 37,566 30.08
Labour Herbert Arthur Hind 25,037 20.04
Labour Leonard John Barnes 24,594 19.69
Majority 12,529
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
National Labour hold Swing
Derby by-election, 1936[9]

Electorate 82,571

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Philip John Noel-Baker 28,419 52.5
National Labour Archibald George Church 25,666 47.5
Majority 2,753 5.0
Turnout 65.5
Labour gain from National Labour Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place in Autumn 1939 and by then, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1945[8]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Philip John Noel-Baker 42,196 33.60
Labour Green tickY Clifford Arthur Bowman Wilcock 40,800 32.49
Conservative Lt. Francis Henry Alastair Julian Lochrane 21,460 17.09
Conservative John Maxwell Bemrose 21,125 16.82
Majority 19,340 15.67
Turnout 76.39
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
Labour hold Swing

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg The history of Derby, William Hutton. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "History of Parliament". Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "History of Parliament". Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  5. ^ The election of 1847 was declared void on petition; neither Strutt nor Leveson-Gower was a candidate in the resulting by-election
  6. ^ Horsfall's election was subsequently declared void, and Heyworth declared elected in his place
  7. ^ a b c d British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  9. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  10. ^ Report of the Annual Conference, 1939
  11. ^ Derby Daily Telegraph, 24 Jan 1939
  12. ^ Derby Daily Telegraph, Mar 1939