Derby (horse race)
A derby (UK // DAH-bee or US // DUR-bee) is a type of horse race named after the Derby Stakes run at Epsom Downs Racecourse in England. That was in turn named after Edward Smith-Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby, who inaugurated the race in 1780. Perhaps the best-known example after the original is the Kentucky Derby in the United States.
Traditionally, the term "derby" is used strictly to refer to races restricted to three-year-olds, as the English and U.S. Triple Crown races all are. The most notable exceptions to this rule are the Hong Kong Derby and Singapore Derby, restricted to four-year-old Thoroughbreds, and the Canadian Pacing Derby, an annual harness race for "aged pacers" (Standardbreds) four years old and up.
|American Derby||Arlington Park, Arlington Heights, Illinois, USA[t 1]||1 3/16 miles[t 2]||1884|
|Australian Derby (also known as AJC Derby)||Randwick Racecourse, Sydney||2,400 metres||3 yr olds||1861||Late March or early April|
|Bangalore Derby||2,400 metres||4 yr olds & up|
|Epsom Derby (also known as The Derby, Derby Stakes and the English Derby)||Epsom Downs Racecourse, England||1 mile, 4 furlongs and 10 yards||3 yr olds colts and fillies||1780||1st Saturday in June[t 3]|
|French Derby (more often known as Prix du Jockey Club)||Chantilly Racecourse||2,100 metres (about 1 mile and 2½ furlongs)||3 yr olds colts and fillies||1836||Early June|
|German Derby (Deutsches Derby)||Horner Rennbahn, Hamburg||2,400 metres (about 1½ miles)||3 yr olds colts and fillies||1869||Early July|
|Hong Kong Derby||Sha Tin Racecourse||2,000 metres||4 yr olds||1873||mid March|
|Italian Derby (Derby Italiano)||Capannelle Racecourse||2200||1884|
|Indian Derby||Mahalaxmi Racecourse, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India||2,400 metres||4 yr olds||1943||1st Sunday in Feb.|
|Irish Derby||The Curragh, County Kildare, Ireland||1½ miles||3 yr olds||1866||Last Sunday in June[t 4]|
|Kentucky Derby||Churchill Downs, Louisville, Kentucky, USA||1¼ miles||3 yr olds||1875||1st Saturday in May|
|New Zealand Derby||Ellerslie Racecourse, Auckland||2,400 metres (12 furlongs)||3yr olds||1860||1st Saturday in March|
|Singapore Derby||Kranji Racecourse||2,000 metres||4 yr olds||1880||Mid July|
|Swedish Trotting Derby (Svenskt Travderby)||Jägersro Racetrack, Malmö||2,640 metres (1,64 miles)||4yr olds||1928||1st Sunday in September|
|Tokyo Racecourse||2,400 metres||3 yr olds colts and fillies||1932||late May or Early June||Currently the richest Derby.|
|Victoria Derby||Flemington Racecourse||2,500 metres||3 yr olds||1855|
- American Classic Races
- British Classic Races
- French Classic Races
- Thoroughbred horse racing
- Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing
- Ashok, Kalyan (11 July 2010), "Derby getting bigger and better", The Hindu
- Freeman, Morton S. (1997), A new dictionary of eponyms (Illustrated ed.), Oxford University Press US, ISBN 0-19-509354-2
- Reeves, Richard Stone (1997), Crown jewels of thoroughbred racing: original paintings (Illustrated ed.), Eclipse Press, ISBN 0-939049-90-2
- Schreifer, Kirk; Sivell, John (1996), America From Apple Pie To Ziegfeld Follies Book One: People 1 (Illustrated ed.), Full Blast Productions, ISBN 1-895451-17-5
- Vesey, Barbara (2003), The Hidden Places of East Anglia: Including Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk and Cambridgeshire (7 ed.), Travel Publishing, ISBN 1-902007-91-3
|This article includes a list of related items that share the same name (or similar names).
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