Derby Wharf Light

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Derby Wharf Light
Derby Wharf Lighthouse MA.JPG
US Coast Guard photo
Derby Wharf Light is located in Massachusetts
Derby Wharf Light
Location Salem, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°30′59.6″N 70°53′0.9″W / 42.516556°N 70.883583°W / 42.516556; -70.883583Coordinates: 42°30′59.6″N 70°53′0.9″W / 42.516556°N 70.883583°W / 42.516556; -70.883583
Year first constructed 1871
Year first lit 1871
Automated 1970s
Deactivated 1977 - 1983
Construction Brick
Tower shape Square
Markings / pattern White Black
Focal height 25 feet (7.6 m)
Original lens 5th order Fresnel lens 1871-1906
4th order 1906-1910
6th order 1910-1970s
Current lens Solar-powered optic
Range 4 nautical miles (7.4 km; 4.6 mi)
Characteristic Fl R 6sec
Fog signal none
Admiralty number J0296
ARLHS number USA-224
USCG number

1-10129 [1] [2]

Derby Wharf Light Station
Built 1877
Architect Unknown
Governing body National Park Service
MPS Lighthouses of Massachusetts TR
NRHP Reference #

87001466

[3]
Added to NRHP June 15, 1987

Derby Wharf Light Station is a historic lighthouse on Derby Wharf in Salem, Massachusetts that is within the Salem Maritime National Historic Site.

It was built in 1871 and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1987.[2][3] The United States Coast Guard Light List[1] description is "White square tower. Maintained by the U.S. Park Service". The actual light is 25 feet (7.6 m) above Mean High Water. Its red light is visible for 4 nautical miles (7.4 km; 4.6 mi).

History[edit]

The Light Station was originally built in 1871 and used an oil lamp shining through a Fresnel lens. For many years, Derby Wharf Light had one of only 17 sixth-order Fresnel lenses in the United States. Today, the light is solar powered, and the light is a red flash every six seconds.[4] In 2008, Eagle Scout Thomas Croteau of Troop 59, from nearby Peabody, Mass, fixed and re-painted the then-decrepit structure as his Eagle Project.

See also[edit]

References[edit]