|City or region||Emilia-Romagna|
|Teams involved||Bologna F.C. 1909, Parma F.C.|
|First contested||6 November 1983
Parma 3–3 Bologna
|Number of meetings||41|
|Most wins||Parma (12)|
|Most recent meeting||13 April 2014
Bologna 1–1 Parma
|All-time series||Bologna: 11
|Largest victory||Seven two-goal wins|
The Derby dell'Emilia (Italian pronunciation: [ˈderbi del eˈmiːlja]), or the Emilia Derby, is the name given in football to any match between Bologna F.C. 1909 and Parma F.C.. Emilia is a region that approximately corresponds to the western and north-eastern portions of today’s Emilia-Romagna. The region takes its name from the Via Aemilia, a Roman road in 187 BCE. It is contested twice a year when the two clubs participate in the same league competition, as they last did in the 2013–14 edition of Serie A, and more often if the clubs meet in other competitions. Other matches between Emilian teams may also be referred to under the name Derby dell'Emilia.
The rivalry comes about as Parma and Bologna are the two largest cities in Emilia-Romagna and the two clubs are the two most successful football clubs in the region, although Reggiana and Modena, respectively, are seen as the clubs' two closest rivals. Bologna lead the count in official titles won, with 9 major trophies (plus an Intertoto Cup and three Mitropa Cups), while Parma have won 8 trophies.
For much of the clubs' early history, games were not contested, so the first fixture was not until 6 November 1983, despite Bologna being formed in 1909 and Parma just four years later in 1913. While Bologna competed for titles, becoming national champions 7 times and winning the Coppa Italia twice by 1974, Parma only dreamt of national success. The first meeting was an eventful 3–3 draw at the Stadio Ennio Tardini in what remains the fixture's highest scoring game and the lowest level at which it has been fought. March's return also saw no victor; it was a goalless draw. The rivalry was intensified because both sides were competing for the 1983–84 Serie C1 title. Indeed, the duo each finished joint top with 48 points and achieved promotion to Serie B.
Serie B was the scene for six more derbies before the decade was out and 1985 saw the clubs' only battle in the Coppa Italia: a 0–0 draw that eventually consigned both sides to failure to qualify from the group stage. Bologna's win (their first derby victory at the eighth attempt) and a draw and thus 3 points earned against Parma were crucial in their 1988 Serie B title win. In 1990, the derby was contested in Serie A for the first time, after Parma joined Bologna in Italian football's top tier. It was now Parma who had the upper hand, with Bologna relegated in the spring of 1991. The teams would not meet again until Bologna's return to Serie A in 1996, but then proceeded to play each other on an annual basis for nine consecutive years.
The final season of that run, 2004–05, was the rivalry at its zenith. Both sides had performed poorly, finishing 17th and 18th in the 20-strong league. The bottom three sides were to be relegated and to split the two Emilian sides, the traditional spareggio was required, involving a two-legged play-off to decided which of the two would remain in Serie A. Bologna won the first leg in the Stadio Ennio Tardini 1–0 on 14 June 2005, but succumbed to 2–1 aggregate defeat following Parma's two-goal victory in Bologna, securing the Crociati a place in Italy's top division.
In 2008, Bologna achieved promotion back to Serie A, but Parma dropped down to Serie B, so the teams did not meet again until the following year. In 2009–10, both teams managed 2–1 wins at home, preceding a three-match run of goalless draws, a result that occurred for the tenth time in the 36 meetings up to that point.
As of 13 April 2014, there have been 41 competitive meetings between the teams. Parma have won 12 of these, Bologna 11 and the remaining 18 have finished as draws. The biggest victories have been by two goals. Bologna have achieved this margin of victory twice, both times winning in 3–1 at home in Serie A. Parma have won by a two-goal margin on four occasions, twice at home and twice away, including the spareggio victory in 2005.
|Competition||Bologna wins||Draws||Parma wins||Bologna goals||Parma goals|
Bologna and Parma are the only teams in Emilia-Romagna to have won major titles. Bologna won the first of their 7 league titles in 1924–25 and their last major silverware in 1974, before Parma had won anything. Parma's first title came in 1991–92's Italian Cup.
- Table correct as of 13 February 2012
|Team||League||Coppa Italia||Supercoppa Italiana||UEFA Cup||Cup Winners' Cup||European Super Cup||Total|
Bologna at home
Parma at home
A number of players have played for both clubs over the course of their careers. This is an incomplete list of players who have made at least one appearance for both:
Five coaches have managed both Bologna and Parma. Renzo Ulivieri, who lasted less than a year at Parma, has managed Bologna in three spells. Francesco Guidolin took charge of Bologna for 4 years at the turn of the millennium, before leading Parma to promotion from Serie B in 2009 and an impressive return to Serie A in 2009–10. Three of Bologna's last four managers have also managed Parma: Franco Colomba, Alberto Malesani (who won the 1998–99 UEFA Cup, the 1998–99 Coppa Italia and the 1999 Supercoppa Italiana with Parma) and current Bologna boss Stefano Pioli.
Other Emilian derbies
Because the terms derby dell'Emilia and derby emiliano simply mean "Emilian derby", any number of other matches could also be referred to under the same name, although the contest between Parma and Bologna is most often implied because they are the region's two biggest most successful clubs and the Derby della via Emilia is often preferred as a name for other Emilian derbies.
The six of Emilia-Romagna's 9 provinces that roughly correspond to the historic region of Emilia are Piacenza, Parma, Reggio Emilia, Modena, Bologna and Ferrara. Other than Parma and Bologna, 4 other clubs have participated in Serie A: Piacenza, Reggiana, Modena and SPAL. The promotion of Reggiana and Piacenza to Serie A in 1993 meant that each of the 6 Emilian provinces had had one team in Italian football's top division since its foundation in 1929; SPAL is based in Ferrara. This changed in 2013, following Sassuolo's (based in the Modena province) promotion in recognition of its 2012–13 Serie B title win. Parma is the only Emilian club to have played in Serie A without ever having won a Serie B league title.
Sassuolo's rise gave its match against Modena added significance. Sassuolo played in the third tier of Italian football for the first time in 2006 and made its Serie B debut in 2008. Promotion to Serie B in 2008 meant the club had outgrown the Stadio Enzo Ricci, so it moved to the nearby Stadio Alberto Braglia, Modena's ground. Promotion to Serie A in 2013 preceded a move to the Stadio Città del Tricolore in Reggio Emilia, Reggiana's home ground.
Other Emilian derbies often take different names. For example:
- Derby dei Ducati – Modena vs Parma
- Derby del Ducato – Parma vs Piacenza
- Derby dell'Enza (or Derby del Grana) – Parma vs Reggiana
- Derby della Ghirlandina – Modena vs Sassuolo
- "Italy". Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- "Bologna Club History". Football Italia. football-italia.net. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- "Parma Club History". Football Italia. football-italia.net. Retrieved 12 January 2012.
- "Bologna-Parma: le curiosità" [Bologna-Parma: trivia]. Parma F.C. (in Italian) (fcparma.com). 20 January 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
- "Reggiana e Parma non trovano la porta Il derby diventa una battaglia di ultra'" [Reggiana and Parma cannot find the goal and the derby becomes a battle of the ultras]. CorriereDellaSera.it (in Italian). 17 February 1997.
- "Modena-Sassuolo 2-5: Manita neroverde, la vetta è sempre più vicina" [Modena-Sassuolo 2-5: the summit is ever closer]. Goal.com (in Italian). 1 November 2011.