The Turin Derby, also known as the Derby di Torino, is the local derby, played out between Turin's most prominent football clubs Juventus and Torino. It is colloquially known as the Derby della Mole, after the Mole Antonelliana, a major landmark in the city and the architectural symbol of the Piedmontese capital. It is the first derby of Italian football and the oldest meeting between two teams based in the same city still disputed.
The match between the two clubs represented until the First World War the juxtaposition of two opposing social classes. Juventus, founded in 1897 by students of a prestigious high school in Turin, soon became akin to the bourgeois in the town especially after enduring bond with the Agnelli family, which began in 1923, during which time they were also supported by the aristocracy of the region. Torino instead was born in 1906 from a division within Juventus, at the hands of dissidents who joined forces with another team from the city, Football Club Torinese, who identified with the then early industrial world. In the sixties and seventies of the twentieth century, these differences had eased considerably, partly as a result of the great migration to Turin about forty years earlier, but did not disappear: Juventus lost much of its parochial connotations to become a global sports phenomenon, with a support detached from social classes and worldwide support, conversely, Torino become a symbol of the citizen's spirit.
The colours of the two teams also contribute, in small part, to this distinction: the Bianconeri, originally pink and black, adopted their jerseys from Notts County all the way from England, while the Granata dusted off the colours of the "Brigade Savoia", that two centuries earlier had liberated the then capital of the Duchy of Savoy. Both clubs, however, feature within their emblems a raging bull, taken from the city's coat of arms: Juventus as a bond with their origins, while Torino adopted it as their identity.
|“||They crossed Piazza Vittorio, concealed in the shadows of the evening. Already talking about football. Emilio, of course, was for Juventus, the team of gentlemen, the industrial pioneers, Jesuits, the self-righteous, the educated: the wealthy bourgeois. Giraudo, of course, was for Toro, the team of the working class, migrant workers or from the provinces of Cuneo and Alessandria, who had technical schooling: the middle-class and the poor.||”|
The Turin derby was first played on 13 January 1907. It was also the first competitive match of Torino after its founding on 3 December 1906. The rivalry stems from the fact that Torino was founded through a merger of Football Club Torinese and a group of Juventus dissidents, led by major financier Alfredo Dick. It is said that prior to the first derby, Dick was locked inside the changing room, causing him to miss the game and having to listen to updates via players and staff.
During the post-World War II years, the rivalry and vast difference in clubs' fortunes came to represent a class divide in the Piedmont region, as noted by Soldati. The fans of Torino usually represent the proletariat, while Juventus the bourgeoisie. With the mass migration to Turin, a major industrial center of northern Italy, in the 1960s and 1970s, many fans of Juventus arrived from southern Italy and took up employment with the Agnelli family - the owners of FIAT. Thus, they also saw Juventus as "the team of the boss" or the "team of Fiat". Torino would stand to represent the "original" spirit of Piedmont, or the purest Torinesità and to this day, it draws its supporters from a predominantly local fanbase, compared to Juventus, which enjoys widespread support even outside of Italy.
Today, the differences remain, even if they are less prominent. Since the late 1990s, the derby has been sporadically contested due to Torino regularly teetering between Serie A and Serie B. It has not been played in Serie A thirteen times: twelve due to Torino being in Serie B and once after Juventus were relegated following the Calciopoli scandal. After Torino were relegated in 2002–03, the two clubs would not meet until 2007–08, as Torino were promoted for the 2006–07 season while Juventus were relegated. Torino were relegated again after the 2008–09 season. In 2012–13, the two clubs met again in Serie A for the first time in three years.
Overall, Juventus have won the derby 96 times and Torino have won it 72 times. There have been 62 draws, with 350 goals in favour of Juventus and 310 goals scored for Torino. Historically, there have been periods where Torino have prevailed; especially before the tragedy of Superga (which was followed by a period more favourable for Juventus in the fifties). Another period in favour of the Torino was the seventies, when Juventus remained without a win in the derby for nearly six years (from December 1973 to the March of 1979) and Torino established a record of 4 wins in a row in a single championship (1975–76). Coinciding with Torino's economic difficulties (especially at the end of the nineties), Juventus inflicted heavy defeats (5–0 of 3 December 1995). On 17 November 1912, Torino recorded the heaviest defeat in the derby, defeating Juventus 8–0.
Recent history has seen a marked dominance of Juventus, so much so that Torino's 2-1 victory on 26 April 2015 was their first derby success in twenty years.
Despite the fierce rivalry between the two sides, there have been a number of notable players who have played for both Juventus and Torino during their careers, including 1938 World Cup winner and two-time Serie A Capocannoniere Silvio Piola and more recently, Italian internationals Fabio Quagliarella and Angelo Ogbonna.
1 1979-80 Coppa Italia Semi Final won 4-2 on penalties by Torino after both legs finished 0-0.
2 1992-93 Coppa Italia Semi Final won by Torino on away goals after aggregate score on 3-3.
On 27 March 1983, Torino, down 0–2, overturned the deficit in the 75th minute by scoring three goals in just over three minutes to win 3–2. Another remarkable encounter took place on 14 October 2001, when Torino, trailing 0–3 at halftime, came back to tie the game 3–3 (taking advantage of a penalty miss by Juventus player Marcelo Salas, who would have scored 4–3 to Juventus). This was made famous by Torino midfielder Riccardo Maspero, who grooved a hole on the penalty spot before Salas kicked it. In the return leg, that ended 2–2, Juventus midfielder Enzo Maresca notably celebrated a late equaliser by parodying the 'horns of the bull' (the bull being the Torino's club symbol), a gesture usually done by former Torino captain Marco Ferrante.
Prior to a derby match during the 2007–08 season, riots took place and chaos broke out as police tried to control the hooligans involved. There were 40 arrests made and 2 injured policemen. Rubbish bins were set on fire and many cars and shops vandalized as a result.
On 1 December 2012 the two clubs met in Serie A for the first time in three seasons and it was the first derby hosted at the Juventus Stadium. Prior to kick-off, several fans from both sides were arrested for starting a brawl and vandalism. Juve won 3-0 but the match was marred by a red card, a €10,000 fine for Juventus for an offensive banner some of its supporters had displayed about the infamous Superga air disaster and €250,000 fine for Torino after their fans vandalised stadium toilets and seats. The match ended 3–0, with all three goals scored by Juventus youth products Claudio Marchisio (2) and Sebastian Giovinco (1).
As of 26 April 2015.
|1944 Campionato Alta Italia||6||3||2||1||12||12|
Below is the list of top scorers in all official competitions of the Turin derby:
|2||Guglielmo Gabetto||7 Juventus - Torino 5||12|
|Silvio Piola||Juventus 2 - Torino 3|
- Match with most goals: 14, Torino-Juventus 8-6 of 9 February 1913.
- Victory with the largest margin in favor of Torino: 0-8 of 17 November 1912.
- Victory with the largest margin in favor of Juventus: 6-0 of 20 April 1952.
- Most wins in a row: Juventus - 6 - from 25 October 2008 until February 23, 2014.
- Consecutive Draws: 4, from 3 April 1977 to 19 November 1978.
- Greater number of games without a win: Torino, 16, from 3 December 1995 to 23 February 2014.
- Most minutes without conceding a goal: Juventus, 910 minutes, from 24 February 2002 until February 23, 2014.
- Fastest goal: Valentino Mazzola, Torino, after 1' 18 June 1944.
- Best comeback win: Juventus, from 0-2 to 4-2 March 7, 1982.
- Best comeback: Torino, from 0-3 to 3-3 October 14, 2001.
- Top scorer in a single derby: Hans Kämpfer, Torino, 4 goals February 3, 1907.
- Scorer in multiple consecutive derby: Felice Borel, Juventus, 6 goals from 4 December 1932, to 10 March 1935.
- Most derbies disputed in a calendar year: 6 (1988), including 3 in the championship, 2 in Coppa Italia and 1 play-off for admission to the UEFA Cup.
- Record attendance: 70,200, Juventus 0-1 in Turin on 28 October 1962.
- Juventus won at least once in each of the twelve decades in which the derby was played, while Torino failed to win in the decade 2000-2009.
- Unbeaten goalkeeper Gianluigi Buffon, Juventus, 820 minutes.
- Mario Soldati (2006). Mondadori, ed. Le due città. Milano. ISBN 88-04-56137-8.
- Giorgio Welter (2011). Codice Atlantico, ed. Le maglie dei campioni. Milano. ISBN 978-88-905512-2-2.
- Giorgio Welter (2013). Codice Atlantico, ed. Le maglie della Serie A. Milano. ISBN 978-88-905512-9-1.
- "Juventus - Torino".
- Osella. «Torino».
- Welter (2011). Le maglie dei campioni. p. 104.
- Welter (2013). Le maglie della Serie A. p. 84.
- Welter (2011). Le maglie dei campioni. p. 190.
- Welter (2013). Le maglie della Serie A. p. 188.
- Osella. «Torino».
- Soldati, Mario (2006) . Mondadori, ed. Le due città. Milano. p. 76. ISBN 88-04-56137-8.
- Darwin Pastorin (25 October 2008). "Juve-Toro, il derby smarrito". l'Unità. p. 54.
- "Injuries clouding Turin derby". FIFA.com. September 2007.
- "Proud of Turin: Juventus and Torino top the bill (again)". FourFourTwo. 27 April 2012.
- "Juve-Toro, il primo derby si scatena sugli abbonamenti" (in Italian). La Stampa. 29 June 2012.
- "Pari senza emozioni nel derby della Mole" (in Italian). La Repubblica. 7 November 1999.
- "Tre gol scovati nelle miniere del nostro calcio" (in Italian). Il Giornale. 2 December 2012.
- "Da Pastore a Maspero - La storia di Juve-Toro" (in Italian). La Gazzetta dello Sport. 23 October 2008.
- "La Juve arriva carica al derby della Mole" (in Italian). Quotidiano. 23 October 2008.
- "Arresti e feriti per il derby della Mole" (in Italian). RAI. 2 December 2012.
- "Boyhood Bianconeri see off rivals Torino". juventus.com. 1 December 2012.
- "Juventus, Agnelli condanna striscione: "Le tragedie non hanno fede"" (in Italian). La Repubblica. 3 December 2012.
- "Juventus fined $13,000 after fans unveil banner offending 1949 Torino plane crash victims". Washington Post. 3 December 2012.
- http://www.archiviotoro.it/a/archivio/avversari/Juventus.asp All departures and public Derby dell Mole