Derick Heathcoat-Amory, 1st Viscount Amory
|The Right Honourable
The Viscount Amory
KG GCMG TD PC DL
|Chancellor of the Exchequer|
6 January 1958 – 27 July 1960
|Prime Minister||Harold Macmillan|
|Preceded by||Peter Thorneycroft|
|Succeeded by||Selwyn Lloyd|
26 December 1899|
St George's, Hanover Square, London
|Died||20 January 1981
Derick Heathcoat-Amory, 1st Viscount Amory (// AY-mər-ee; KG, GCMG, TD, PC, DL; 26 December 1899 – 20 January 1981) was a British Conservative politician. He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1958 to 1960 and as Chancellor of the University of Exeter from 1972 to 1981.
Background and education
Heathcoat-Amory was born in London, the son of Sir Ian Heathcoat-Amory, 2nd Baronet (see Heathcoat-Amory baronets) and Alexandra Georgina (d. 1942), daughter of Vice-Admiral Henry Seymour. He was an uncle of David Heathcoat-Amory. He was educated at Eton College and at Christ Church, Oxford.
Heathcoat-Amory became a Devon County Councillor in 1932 and worked in textile manufacturing and banking. After service in the Territorial Army Royal Artillery (including being wounded and captured during Operation Market-Garden), in which he reached the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, he was elected Member of Parliament for Tiverton in 1945 (a constituency previously represented by his grandfather Sir John Heathcoat-Amory, 1st Baronet). When the Conservatives came to power under Winston Churchill in 1951 he was appointed Minister of Pensions. In September 1953 he was made Minister of State for Trade. He entered the cabinet under Churchill in July 1954 succeeding Sir Thomas Dugdale as Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries (while continuing as Minister of State for Trade). In October 1954 the Ministry merged with the Ministry of Food still in command of Heathcoat-Amory. Gwilym Lloyd George had previously been in charge of Food. He remained in the post until he became Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1958, under Harold Macmillan, an office he retained until 1960.
He retired from the House of Commons in 1960 and was raised to the peerage as Viscount Amory, of Tiverton in the County of Devon, on 1 September of that year. Lord Amory had been sworn of the Privy Council in 1953 and was appointed a Knight of the Garter in 1968. He was awarded the honorary degree of Hon. LLD (Exon) from the University of Exeter in 1959 and served as Chancellor of the university from 1972 to 1981.
Lord Amory was a well-known sailor who had his yacht brought up the Thames to take him away after the Budget. The Civil Service Sailing Association still awards the Heathcoat Amory Trophy (originally presented to the Club by Lord Amory) for outstanding sailing achievement by a member. Lord Amory succeeded his brother to the Heathcoat-Amory Baronetcy in 1972. He died unmarried in January 1981, aged 81. The viscountcy became extinct on his death while the baronetcy passed to his younger brother.
- G.M. Miller, BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names (Oxford UP, 1971), p. 5.
- thepeerage.com Derick Heathcoat-Amory, 1st and last Viscount Amory
- leighrayment.com House of Commons: Tipperary South to Tyrone West
- The London Gazette: . 2 September 1960.
- The London Gazette: . 23 April 1968.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Derick Heathcoat-Amory