Descendants of Ali ibn Abi Talib
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Ali was the fourth of the Rashidun (or The Rightly Guided Caliphs) of Sunni Islam and the first Imam of Shia Muslims. He was a cousin of the Muslim prophet Muhammad as well as Muhammad's son-in-law. He had several children by Fatimah, Muhammad's daughter, as well as children by other wives. Some of his descendants through Fatima are still revered today in Shia Islam as Imams, Sharifs and Sayyids.
- 1 Ali's children
- 2 Later generations of Ali and Fatimah's descendants
- 3 See also
- 4 References
- Hasan ibn Ali Caliph for about six months.
- Abdullah Abi Bakr ibn Hasan, died at Karbala 680 AD. His mother's name was Ramla.
- Talha ibn Hasan. His mother was Umm Ishaq bint Talhah.
- Qasim ibn Hasan, born 666 AD, died 680 AD at Karbala, no issue. His mother was Umm Qasim ibn Farwah bint Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr .
- Fatimah bint al-Hasan, married Ali ibn Husayn, child Muhammad al-Baqir.
- Husayn bin Ali the third Shia Imam. Husayn married four wives and had issue:
- Ali ibn Husayn (by Shahrbanu, daughter of Yazdegerd III) later married his cousin Fatimah bint al-Hasan and had Muhammad al-Baqir.
- Sukayna bint Husayn (by Rubab bint Imra al-Qais), died in prison in Syria.
- Abdullah, also known as Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn (by Rubab bint Imra al-Qais), killed, age six months at Karbala.
- Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn (by Layla bint Abi Murrah al-Thaqafi), killed at Karbala.
- Fatimah bint Husayn (by Umm Ishaq bint Talhah, previously the wife of Hasan ibn Ali)
- Zaynab bint Ali married her cousin Abdullah ibn Ja'far ibn Abi Talib, and bore four sons and a daughter:
- Ali ibn Abdullah
- Aun ibn Abdullah died at Karbala, 680 C.E., age 13
- Muhammad ibn Abdullah died at Karbala, 680 C.E., age about 12
- Abbas ibn Abdullah
- Umm Kulthum bint Ali married the second caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab and had two children with him: a son named Zayd who was famously known as Ibn Alkhalifatayn (Arabic:ابن الخليفتين, son of the two caliphs [Umar and Imam Ali]) and a daughter called Ruqayya. After Umar's death, she married her cousin Awn ibn Ja'far, and, after his death, his brother Muhammad.
By Khawla bint Ja'far
- Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah, born 633 C.E.in Medina, died 700 C.E. in Medina, had issue
By Fatima bint Hizam al-Qilabiyya, known as Umm ul-Banin
- Abbas, died at Karbala, 680 C.E., said to be the 'right hand' of Imam Husayn ibn Ali. Married Lubaba bint Ubaydillah, three sons:
- Abdullah ibn Ali, died at Karbala
- Uthman ibn Ali, died 680 C.E. at Karbala, age 21
- Ja'far ibn Ali, died 680 C.E. at Karbala, age 19
By Umama Bint Abul-Aas, daughter of Zaynab bint Muhammad
- Hilal, died in Khorasan, 64 A.H.
- Awn, died in Khorasan, 64 A.H.
- Muhammad al-Awsat (The middle Muhammad)
By other wives
Daughters of Ali by other wives include:
- Ramla al-Kubra (The eldest Ramla)
- Um al-Hasan
- Um Hani
- Zainab al-Sughra (The youngest Zainab)
- Um Kulthum
- Um al-Kiram
- Um Salma
- Um Jafar
Sons of Ali by other wives include:
- Abu Bakr
- Muhammad al-Asghar (The youngest Muhammad)
Later generations of Ali and Fatimah's descendants
The Idrisid and Alaouite dynasties of Morocco claim to be descended from Ali and Fatimah. The descendants of Ali include the Hashemite royal families of Jordan various Somali clans, the Husseini family of Lebanon, the Hiraki family of Syria and Egypt, the Alaouite royal family of Morocco and the Ashrafs of the city of Harar. Other prominent descendants include: Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, Abdullah al-Aftah ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Ali al-Uraidhi ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Muhammad ibn Qasim (al-Alawi), Muhammad ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq (Al-Dibaj), Yahya ibn Umar, Muhammad ibn Ali al-Hadi and Ibn Dihya al-Kalby.
- Tabatabae (1979), page 194
- Family tree of King Abdullah of Jordan
- Johnson, John William (1996). Heelloy: Modern Poetry and Songs of the Somali. Indiana University Press. p. 23. ISBN 1874209812.