Descendants of Charles III of Spain

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Charles as King of Spain 1761.

The descendants of Charles III of Spain, the third surviving son of the first Bourbon King of Spain are many. Growing up in Madrid till he was 16, he was sent to the Italian Sovereign Duchy of Parma and Piacenza which, through his mother Elisabeth of Parma, was considered his birthright. Charles married only once; he married the cultured Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony with whom he had 13 children with; 8 of these reached adulthood and a further 4 of them had issue.

A younger son of Charles would found the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, while his younger brother would found the House of Bourbon-Parma.[1] This article deals with the children of Charles III and in turn their senior descendants.

Background of Charles[edit]

The future Charles III (Real Alcázar de Madrid, Madrid, Kingdom of Spain, 20 January 1716 – Royal Palace of Madrid, Madrid, Kingdom of Spain, 14 December 1788) was the King of Spain and the Spanish Indes from 1759 to his death in 1788.

Eldest son of Philip V of Spain and his second wife, Princess Elisabeth of Parma, he became the Duke of Parma and Piacenza under the name of Charles I (at the death of his great uncle Antonio Farnese); later on in 1734 while Duke of Parma he conquered the Kingdoms of Naples and Sicily and was thus created the King of Naples and Sicily due to a personal union; he ruled under the simple name of Charles with no specific numeration even though time has made him Charles VII of Naples and Charles V and Sicily. In Sicily, he was known as Charles III of Sicily and of Jerusalem; using the ordinal one III rather than V for the Sicilian people did not recognise as their sovereign legitimate one or Charles I of Naples (Charles d'Anjou), against whom they rebelled, nor the Emperor Charles, quickly discharged of the island. He was crowned King of Naples and Sicily at Palermo, Sicily on 3 July 1735.

After becoming the King of Spain by default, he left the Neapolitan and Sicilian kingdoms to his third surviving son who was later Ferdinand IV of Naples; Ferdinand III of Sicily; Ferdinand would see the creation of the future Kingdom of the Two Sicilies which would be ruled by Charles' descendants till 1861.

He was a proponent of enlightened absolutism.

Maria Amalia of Saxony[edit]

She was born at the Zwinger Palace in Dresden, the daughter of Augustus III of Poland, Elector of Saxony and Maria Josepha, herself daughter of Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor. Her full name was Maria Amalia Christina Franziska Xaveria Flora Walburga von Sachsen. One of 15 children, she was the sister of Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony,

In 1737 Maria Amalia became engaged to the future Charles III of Spain. The marriage date was confirmed on 31 October 1737. In 1738, at the age of 14, Maria Amalia married Charles of Bourbon, then King of Naples and Sicily. Despite the fact that this was an arranged marriage, the couple was very close and had many children. Maria Amalia had a proxy ceremony at Dresden in May 1738 with her brother.

The couple met for the first time on 19 June 1738 at Portella.

Charles' devoted wife Maria Amalia of Saxony.

At the end of 1758, Charles' half brother Ferdinand VI was displaying the same symptoms of depression that his their father used to suffer from. Ferdinand lost his devoted wife, Infanta Barbara of Portugal in August 1758 and would fall into deep morning for her. He named Charles his heir on 10 December 1758 before leaving Madrid to stay at Villaviciosa de Odón where he died on 10 August 1759. In September 1760, a year after arriving in Madrid, Maria Amalia died from tuberculosis at the Buen Retiro Palace outside the capital. She was buried at the Royal Crypt in El Escorial. She was joined by her devoted husband in 1788.

Issue[edit]

Princess Maria Isabel[edit]

Maria Isabel Antonietta de Padua Francisca Januaria Francisca de Paula Juana Nepomucena Josefina Onesifora of Naples and Sicily was born at the Palace of Portici, Portici, Modern Italy, 6 September 1740, she died in Naples on 2 November 1742. Due to being a male line descendant of Philip V of Spain (paternal grandfather) she was an Infanta of Spain.

Princess Maria Josefa[edit]

Born Princess Maria Josefa Antonietta of Naples and Sicily at the Palace of Portici on 20 January 1742 she later died in Naples on 1 April 1742. She was an Infanta of Spain.

Princess Maria Isabel Ana[edit]

Princess Maria Isabel Ana was born at the Palace of Capodimonte on 30 April 1743; the young princess died at Capodimonte on 5 March 1749 three weeks before her sixth birthday. She was an Infanta of Spain.

Princess Maria Josefa[edit]

Princess Maria Josefa Carmela was born at Gaeta in Italy on 6 July 1744; the first of the Charkes' childrent to live past their fifth birthday, she died in Madrid on 8 December 1801; despite her long life little is known of her. She was an Infanta of Spain.

Princess Maria Luisa[edit]

Main article: Maria Luisa of Spain

Born at the Palace of Portici on 24 November 1745, she would die at the Imperial Palace of the Hofburg in Vienna, 15 May 1792 aged 46. She would marry Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor and become the future Holy Roman Empress; Queen consort of the Romans, Hungary and Bohemia; Archduchess consort of Austria; Grand Duchess consort of Tuscany. Despite being born as Princess Maria Luisa of Naples and Sicily, her "style" changed to Infante Maria Luisa of Spain after 1759 when her father became King of Spain. She was buried in the Imperial Crypt in Vienna.

Descendant Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Maria Luisa of Spain
1745–1792
Joseph Grassi 001.jpg 24 November 1745
Naples
daughter of Charles III of Spain and Maria Amalia of Saxony
Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
16 February 1764
15 children
15 May 1792
Vienna
aged 46
Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
1792–1835
Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor by Friedrich von Amerling 003.jpg 12 February 1768
Florence
son of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor and Infante Maria Luisa of Spain
Duchess Elisabeth of Württemberg
6 January 1788
one child

Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily
15 September 1790
12 children

Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este
6 January 1808
no children

Caroline Augusta of Bavaria
29 October 1816
no children
2 March 1835
Vienna
aged 67
Ferdinand I of Austria
1835–1848
Ferdinand I; Keizer van Oostenrijk.jpg 19 April 1793
Florence
son of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily
Maria Anna of Savoy
27 February 1831
no children
29 June 1875
Vienna
aged 82
Archduke Franz Karl of Austria
1848–1878
FransKarel.jpg 17 December 1802
Vienna
son of Francis II and Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily
Princess Sophie of Bavaria
4 November 1824
Vienna
8 March 1878
Vienna
aged 75
Franz Joseph I of Austria
1878–1916
Franz Joseph, circa 1915.JPG 18 August 1830, Schönbrunn Palace
son of Archduke Franz Karl of Austria and Princess Sophie of Bavaria
Elisabeth of Bavaria
24 April 1854
4 children
21 November 1916
Schönbrunn Palace
aged 86
Maximilian, Duke of Hohenberg
1916–1962
Prince Max of Hohenberg.jpg 29 September 1902
son of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, son of Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria, son of Archduke Franz Karl of Austria
Countess Maria Elisabeth Bona von Waldburg zu Wolfegg und Waldsee
16 November 1926
6 children
8 January 1962
aged 59
Franz, Duke of Hohenberg
1962–1977
13 September 1927
Artstetten Castle, Austria
son of Maximilian, Duke of Hohenberg and Countess Maria of Waldburg at Wolfegg and Waldsee
Princess Elisabeth of Luxembourg
9 May 1956
2 children
16 August 1977
aged 49
Princess Anna (Anita) of Hohenberg
1977–
18 August 1958
Schloss Berg, Luxembourg
daughter of Franz, Duke of Hohenberg and Princess Elisabeth of Luxembourg
Romée de la Poëze, Count of Harambure
15 July 1978
4 children

Count Andreas von Bardeau
9 July 2005
no children

Prince Felipe[edit]

Prince Felipe Antonio Genaro Pasquale Francesco de Paula of Naples and Sicily was born the first son at the Palace of Portici, 13 June 1747; titled the Duke of Calabria, he was excluded from succession to the throne due to his imbecility; he died at the Palace of Portici, 19 September 1777 and was buried in Naples. He was an Infante of Spain.

Charles IV of Spain[edit]

Prince Carlos Antonio Pascual Francisco Javier Juan Nepomuceno Jose Januario Serafin Diego of Naples and Sicily

Descendent Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Charles IV of Spain
1788–1819
Charles IV of Spain.jpg 11 November 1748
Palace of Portici
son of Charles III of Spain and Maria Amalia of Saxony
Maria Luisa of Parma
1765
14 children
19 January 1819
Palazzo Barberini, Rome
aged 70
Ferdinand VII of Spain
1819–1833
Francisco de Goya y Lucientes 070.jpg 14 October 1784
El Escorial
son of Charles IV of Spain and Maria Luisa of Parma
Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies
4 October 1802
Barcelona
No children

Maria Isabel of Portugal
1816
1 child

Maria Josepha of Saxony
20 October 1819
No children

Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies
11 December 1829
Madrid
2 children
29 September 1833
Madrid
aged 48
Isabella II of Spain
1833–1904
IsabellaII.png 10 October 1830
Madrid
daughter of Ferdinand VII of Spain and Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies
Francis of Spain
10 October 1846
12 children
10 April 1904
Paris
aged 73
Alfonso XII of Spain
1874–1885
King Alfonso XII.jpg 28 November 1857
Madrid
son of Isabella II of Spain and Francis, Duke of Cádiz
Mercedes of Orléans
23 January 1878
No children

Maria Christina of Austria
29 November 1879
3 children
25 November 1885
El Pardo
aged 27
Alfonso XIII of Spain
1904–1941
Alphonse XIII.jpg 17 May 1886
Madrid
son of Alfonso XII of Spain and Maria Christina of Austria
Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
31 May 1906
7 children
28 February 1941
Rome
aged 54
Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia
1941–1975
Jaime Enrique de Borbón.jpg 23 June 1908
Segovia
son of Alfonso XIII of Spain and Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
Emmanuelle de Dampierre
4 March 1935
Rome
2 children
20 March 1975
St. Gallen
aged 67
Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz
1975–1989
20 April 1936
Rome
son of Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia and Emmanuelle de Dampierre
María del Carmen Martínez-Bordiú y Franco
8 March 1972
Royal Palace of El Pardo
2 children
30 January 1989
Beaver Creek
aged 53
Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou
1989–present
Louis de Bourbon.jpg 25 April 1974
Madrid
son of Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz and María del Carmen Martínez-Bordiú y Franco
Maria Margarita, Duchess of Anjou
5 November 2004
Caracas
3 children

Princess Maria Teresa[edit]

Maria Teresa Antonieta Francisca Javier Francisca de Paula Serafina was born at the Royal Palace of Naples, 2 December 1749; the young princess died at the Palace of Portici on 2 May 1750. She was an Infanta of Spain.

Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ferdinand I
1816–1825
Ferdinand I 12 January 1751
Naples
son of Charles VII and Maria Amalia of Saxony
Marie Caroline of Austria
12 May 1768
17 children

Lucia Migliaccio of Floridia
27 November 1814
No children
4 January 1825
Naples
aged 73
Francis I
1825–1830
Francis I 14 August 1777
Naples
son of Ferdinand I and Maria Carolina of Austria
Maria Isabella of Spain
6 July 1802
12 children
8 November 1830
Naples
aged 53
Ferdinand II
1830–1859
Ferdinand II 12 January 1810
Palermo
son of Francis I and Maria Isabella of Spain
Maria Christina of Savoy
21 November 1832
1 child

Maria Theresa of Austria
9 January 1837
12 children
22 May 1859
Caserta
aged 49
Francis II
1859–1861
Francis II 16 January 1836
Naples
son of Ferdinand II and Maria Christina of Savoy
Maria Sophie of Bavaria
8 January 1859
1 child
27 December 1894
Arco
aged 58
Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta
1894–1934
Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta 28 March 1841
Caserta
son of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies and Maria Theresa of Austria
Princess Antonietta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
8 June 1868
12 children
26 May 1934
Cannes
aged 93
Prince Ferdinand Pius, Duke of Calabria
1934–1960
Ferdinando Pius.jpg 25 July 1869
Rome
son of Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta and Princess Maria Antonietta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Princess Maria Ludwiga Theresia of Bavaria
31 May 1897
6 children
7 January 1960
Lindau
aged 90
Princess Maria Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
1960–1985
4 May 1899
Madrid
daughter of Prince Ferdinand Pius, Duke of Calabria and Princess Maria Ludwiga Theresia of Bavaria
Manuel Sotomayor Luna
3 March 1948
no children
21 April 1985
Quito, Ecuador
aged 85
Princess Lucia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
1985–2001
9 July 1908
Nymphenburg Palace, Munich, Bavaria
daughter of Prince Ferdinand Pius, Duke of Calabria and Princess Maria Ludwiga Theresia of Bavaria
Eugenio, 5th Duke of Genoa
29 October 1938
1 child
3 November 2001
São Paulo, Brazil
aged 93
Princess Maria Isabella of Savoy-Genoa
2001–
23 June 1943
Rome
daughter of Princess Lucia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and Eugenio, 5th Duke of Genoa
Alberto Frioli
7 April 1943
4 children

Prince Gabriel[edit]

Prince Gabriel Antonio Francisco Javier Juan Nepomuceno José Serafin Pascual Salvador of Naples and Sicily was born at the Palace of Portici, 11 May 1752; married Infanta Mariana Vitória of Portugal, daughter of Maria I of Portugal; had three children two of which died young; died at his private residence, the Casita del Infante, San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain, 23 November 1788.

Descendant Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Infante Gabriel of Spain
1752–1788
Gabrielbourbon.jpg 12 May 1752
Palace of Portici
son of Charles III of Spain and Maria Amalia of Saxony
Infanta Mariana Victoria of Portugal
1785
3 children
23 November 1788
Casita del Infante, El Escorial, Spain
aged 36
Infante Peter Charles of Spain and Portugal
1788–1812
18 June 1786
Aranjuez, Spain
son of Infante Gabriel of Spain and Infanta Mariana Victoria of Portugal
Teresa, Princess of Beira
1810
1 child
4 July 1812
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
aged 26
Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain
1812–1875
Infante Sebastian.jpg 4 November 1811
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
son of Infante Peter Charles of Spain and Portugal and Teresa, Princess of Beira
Princess Maria Amalia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
1832
no children

Maria Cristina of Spain
1860
5 children
13 February 1875
Pau, France
aged 63
Francisco de Borbón y de Borbón, Duke of Marchena
1875–1923
1861
Madrid, Spain
son of Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain and Maria Cristina of Spain
Maria del Pilar de Muguiro y Beruete, Duchess of Villa-Franca
1886
3 children
1923
aged 62
Cristina de Borbón y de Muguiro, Duchess of Marchena
1923–1981
1889
Paris, France
daughter of Francisco de Borbón y de Borbón, Duke of Marchena and Maria del Pilar de Muguiro y Beruete, Duchess of Villa-Franca
Leopold Walford
1911
4 children
1981
London, England
aged 62
Juan Jorge Walford y de Borbón, Duke of Ansola and Marchena
1981–
1912
Paris, France
son of Cristina de Borbón y de Muguiro, Duchess of Marchena and Leopold Walford
Emanuela Hawkins
1935
7 children

Princess Maria Ana[edit]

Born at the Palace of Portici, 3 July 1754; she died at the Palace of Capodimonte, 11 May 1755. She was an Infanta of Spain.

Prince Antonio Pascual[edit]

Prince Antonio Pascual Francisco Javier Juan Nepomuceno Aniello Raimundo Sylvestre of Naples and Sicily was born at the Caserta Palace, 31 December 1755; he married his niece, Infanta Maria Amalia of Spain (1779–1798) in 1795 and had no issue. He died in Madrid on 20 April 1817. He is more commonly known as Infante Antonio Pascual. He was buried at El Escorial.

Prince Francis[edit]

Prince Francisco Javier Antonio Pascual Bernardo Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno Aniello Julian of Naples and Sicily was born at the Caserta Palace on 15 February 1757 little is known of the youngest of Charles' children but he did move to Spain with his parents in 1759; he died unmarried and without known issue at the Royal Palace of Aranjuez, Spain on 10 April 1771. He was buried at El Escorial.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Felipe V, rey de España". GeneAll.net. Retrieved 2008-03-21.